Hamilton County, Illinois

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Not to be confused with Hamilton, Illinois.
Hamilton County, Illinois
Hamilton County Courthouse in McLeansboro.jpg
Hamilton County Courthouse in McLeansboro
Seal of Hamilton County, Illinois
Seal
Map of Illinois highlighting Hamilton County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1821
Named for Alexander Hamilton
Seat McLeansboro
Largest city McLeansboro
Area
 • Total 436 sq mi (1,129 km2)
 • Land 435 sq mi (1,127 km2)
 • Water 1.2 sq mi (3 km2), 0.3%
Population
 • (2010) 8,457
 • Density 19/sq mi (7/km²)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Hamilton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 8,457.[1] Its county seat is McLeansboro.[2] It is located in the southern portion of the state known locally as "Little Egypt".

History[edit]

Hamilton County was formed out of White County in 1821. It is named for Alexander Hamilton, Revolutionary War hero and the first United States Secretary of the Treasury.[3]

In 1925, numerous people were killed by the infamous Tri-State Tornado in an unprecedented rural death toll.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 436 square miles (1,130 km2), of which 435 square miles (1,130 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) (0.3%) is water.[4]

Climate and weather[edit]

McLeansboro, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.2
 
39
20
 
 
2.8
 
45
24
 
 
4.5
 
55
34
 
 
4.6
 
66
43
 
 
4.7
 
76
53
 
 
3.9
 
85
62
 
 
3.5
 
89
66
 
 
3
 
88
63
 
 
2.9
 
81
55
 
 
3
 
70
43
 
 
4.5
 
56
35
 
 
3.6
 
44
25
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of McLeansboro have ranged from a low of 20 °F (−7 °C) in January to a high of 89 °F (32 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1930 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.76 inches (70 mm) in February to 4.67 inches (119 mm) in May.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Hamilton County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 2,616
1840 3,945 50.8%
1850 6,362 61.3%
1860 9,915 55.8%
1870 13,014 31.3%
1880 16,712 28.4%
1890 17,800 6.5%
1900 20,197 13.5%
1910 18,227 −9.8%
1920 15,920 −12.7%
1930 12,995 −18.4%
1940 13,454 3.5%
1950 12,256 −8.9%
1960 10,010 −18.3%
1970 8,665 −13.4%
1980 9,172 5.9%
1990 8,499 −7.3%
2000 8,621 1.4%
2010 8,457 −1.9%
Est. 2013 8,368 −1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 8,621 people, 3,462 households, and 2,437 families residing in the county. The population density was 20 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 3,983 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.25% White, 0.67% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.55% from two or more races. 0.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.4% were of American, 22.8% German, 14.2% English and 9.1% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 98.5% spoke English as their first language.

There were 3,462 households out of which 30.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.00% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.60% were non-families. 27.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 24.70% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 19.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 93.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,496, and the median income for a family was $37,651. Males had a median income of $31,864 versus $17,977 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,262. About 8.50% of families and 12.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.90% of those under age 18 and 9.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Town[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Hamilton County is divided into twelve townships:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 147. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for McLeansboro, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°05′N 88°32′W / 38.08°N 88.54°W / 38.08; -88.54