Hamilton County, Indiana
|Hamilton County, Indiana|
Hamilton County courthouse in Noblesville, Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Alexander Hamilton|
|• Total||402.44 sq mi (1,042 km2)|
|• Land||394.27 sq mi (1,021 km2)|
|• Water||8.17 sq mi (21 km2), 2.03%|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Hamilton County’s roots are in agriculture. However, after World War II, Indianapolis grew north and towns in the southern part of the county developed as suburbs. Many farm fields have been replaced by both residential and commercial development. The northern portion of the county remains largely agricultural.
Today, the county is one of the fastest-growing counties in the United States. According to 2007 estimates by the U.S. Census, the county’s population increased from an estimated 182,740 in 2000 to 261,661 in 2007, making it is the fastest growing county in Indiana out of 92. Recently, Hamilton County surpassed St. Joseph County in population, making it the fourth most populous in the state.
Geist and Morse reservoirs are two man-made lakes in Hamilton County that offer residents and visitors recreational opportunities such as boating, fishing, and waterfront living.
In June 2008, Hamilton County was named America’s Best Place to Raise a Family by Forbes.com due to its strong economy, affordable living, top-ranked schools, and close proximity to Indianapolis. The city of Carmel in southwestern Hamilton County was designated CNN Money's top place to live in 2013.
The land containing Hamilton County was brought into the possession of the United States by the Treaty of St. Mary's in 1818. William Conner was the first white settler in the county. In the summer of 1822, after realizing there were enough settlers in the area, Conner and other settlers applied to the Indiana Legislature for a charter authorizing them to become a separate and independent county under Indiana law. The application was presented to the Legislature at the 1822-23 session and the act was passed and approved by the governor on January 8, 1823. The act took effect on the first Monday in April (April 7), 1823. The County Commissioners first met on May 5, 1823, at the house of William Conner. Conner’s house would also serve as the County Circuit Court. The county was named after Alexander Hamilton, the first secretary of the treasury.
Climate and weather
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in Noblesville have ranged from a low of 17 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.42 inches (61 mm) in January to 4.86 inches (123 mm) in May. Hamilton County's climate thus falls within the Köppen climate classification system as a humid continental temperate climate, with pleasant spring and fall seasons surrounded by harsh cold and humid heat in the winter and summer, respectively.
District 1 consists of Carmel and Clay Township. District 2 consists of Fishers, Noblesville, Delaware Township, and Noblesville Township. District 3 consists of Adams Township, Fall Creek Township, Jackson Township, Washington Township, Wayne Township, White River Township, Arcadia, Atlanta, Cicero, Sheridan and Westfield.
The current County Commissioners are:
- Christine Altman - District 1
- Steven C. Dillinger - District 2
- Mark Heirbrandt - District 3
District 1 consists of parts of Clay Township (45 precincts). District 2 consists of Delaware, Fall Creek and Wayne Townships. District 3 consists of Noblesville, Jackson and White River Townships. District 4 consists of parts of Clay Township (17 precincts), Adams and Washington Townships.
The current members of the County Council are:
- Meredith Carter - District 1
- Amy Massillamany - District 2
- Steve Schwartz1 - District 3
- Paul Ayers - District 4
- Brad Beaver - Council member at large
- Jim Belden - Council member at large
- Rick McKinney - Council member at large
Hamilton County is part of Indiana's 5th congressional district; Indiana Senate districts 20, 21, 28, 29 and 30; and Indiana House of Representatives districts 29, 32, 35, 36, 38, 39, 86, 87 and 88.
Hamilton County has been won by every Republican presidential candidate since Charles Evans Hughes in 1916. In 1912, Democrat candidate Woodrow Wilson had carried the county with a 3.06% majority over its Republican opponent William Taft.
Although Barack Obama got only 38.45% of Hamilton County's vote during the 2008 election, it is the highest percentage a Democrat presidential candidate has been able to get for this county since Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936 (who himself had also lost the county).
Hamilton County's loyalty for the Republican Party is not limited to presidential elections. The county regularly rejects Democrats in gubernatorial and senatorial races, usually by giving the Republican candidate some the state's highest percentage results. Even US senator Evan Bayh, in spite of his landslide victories in 1998 and 2004, had failed to carry Hamilton County in either election.
According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 402.44 square miles (1,042.3 km2), of which 394.27 square miles (1,021.2 km2) (or 97.97%) is land and 8.17 square miles (21.2 km2) (or 2.03%) is water.
- Interstate 69
- Interstate 465
- U.S. Route 31
- U.S. Route 421
- Indiana State Road 19
- Indiana State Road 32
- Indiana State Road 37
- Indiana State Road 38
- Indiana State Road 47
- Tipton County (North)
- Madison County (East)
- Hancock County (Southeast)
- Marion County (South)
- Boone County (West)
- Clinton County (Northwest)
Cities and towns
As of the census of 2000, there were 182,740 people, 65,933 households, and 50,834 families residing in the county. The population density was 459 people per square mile (177/km²). There were 69,478 housing units at an average density of 175 per square mile (67/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.38% White, 1.54% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 2.44% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.54% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. 1.59% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 26.3% were of German, 13.0% American, 12.5% English and 11.2% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 65,933 households out of which 43.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.50% were married couples living together, 7.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.90% were non-families. 18.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.16.
In the county the population was spread out with 30.80% under the age of 18, 5.60% from 18 to 24, 34.90% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, and 7.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $71,026, and the median income for a family was $80,239 (these figures had risen to $81,297 and $93,900 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $56,638 versus $34,807 for females. The per capita income for the county was $33,109. About 2.00% of families and 2.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.80% of those under age 18 and 3.80% of those age 65 or over. Based on information from the 2000 Census, Hamilton County was the wealthiest county in the Midwest by terms of median income.
- "Hamilton County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
- "Hamilton takes top spot in county headcount". The Indianapolis Star (Gannett Company). 2008-03-21. Retrieved 2008-03-21.[dead link]
- "In Depth: America's Best Places To Raise A Family - Forbes.com". Forbes. Archived from the original on 2013-01-23.
- "Hamilton County stats". Indiana.edu. Retrieved 2007-06-30.
- De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co. p. 560.
- "Monthly Averages for Noblesville, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
- "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14.
- "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14.
- David Leip's Presidential Atlas (Maps for Indiana by election) Results prior to 1960 available through subscription only
- "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-10-10.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 30, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 30, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Hamilton County, Indiana - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2010-07-22.
- History of Hamilton County, Indiana, with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of its Prominent Men and Pioneers, To Which are Appended Maps of its Several Townships.. Chicago: Kingman Brothers. 1880.
- "The fastest growing county in the state ... and then some". The Indianapolis Star. Retrieved 2007-03-25.
- "Hamilton's growth keeps it in Top 30". The Indianapolis Star. March 22, 2007. Retrieved 2007-03-25.
- "Hamilton County, Indiana Government Website". Hamilton County government. Retrieved 2007-03-26.
||Clinton County||Tipton County|
|Boone County||Madison County|
|Marion County||Hancock County|