Birkenhead Hamilton Square railway station

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Birkenhead Hamilton Square National Rail
Birkenhead Hamilton Square
Platforms 1 and 2.
Place Birkenhead
Local authority Wirral
Coordinates 53°23′41″N 3°00′50″W / 53.3947°N 3.0139°W / 53.3947; -3.0139Coordinates: 53°23′41″N 3°00′50″W / 53.3947°N 3.0139°W / 53.3947; -3.0139
Grid reference SJ326891
Station code BKQ
Managed by Merseyrail
Number of platforms 3
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2004/05  1.146 million
2005/06 Increase 1.239 million
2006/07 Decrease 1.134 million
2007/08 Decrease 1.051 million
2008/09 Increase 2.624 million
2009/10 Decrease 2.429 million
2010/11 Increase 2.507 million
2011/12 Increase 2.524 million
2012/13 Decrease 2.363 million
Passenger Transport Executive
PTE Merseytravel
Zone B1
Original company Mersey Railway
Pre-grouping Mersey Railway
Post-grouping Mersey Railway
London Midland Region of British Railways
1886 Opened
1903 Electrified
1977 Extended
National RailUK railway stations
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Birkenhead Hamilton Square from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
Portal icon UK Railways portal

Birkenhead Hamilton Square railway station (commonly shortened to Hamilton Square station) is situated near Hamilton Square in Birkenhead, Wirral, England, on the Wirral Line of the Merseyrail network. It is an underground station, the platforms being reached by lifts from the surface.


Hamilton Square station was built by the Mersey Railway and opened on 1 February 1886.[1] The station building was designed by G. E. Grayson in Italianate style, and has been designated as a Grade II listed building.[2] It stood on that railway's original route from James Street station in Liverpool to Green Lane, later extended to Rock Ferry and Birkenhead Park. Just south of the station, the lines towards Rock Ferry and Birkenhead Park diverge; this junction was originally built as a flat crossing.

The Mersey Railway was electrified in 1903 as despite the journey being far quicker than travel aboard the Mersey Ferry service, passengers were not keen on travelling underground due to the smoke from coal-powered steam locomotives. A "Frequent electric trains" sign was erected on the outside of the station's large hydraulic lift tower (slightly below the position of the present sign) to publicise these cleaner trains.

In the 1970s, as part of the expansion programme of the Merseyrail network, a burrowing junction was built at Hamilton Square so that trains heading towards New Brighton and West Kirby did not have to cross the path of trains coming from Rock Ferry on the flat crossing. Along with the construction of the loop tunnel in the centre of Liverpool, this improved the capacity of the Wirral Line, allowing increased train frequencies. As part of this project, Hamilton Square gained a new platform (Platform 3) for New Brighton and West Kirby services, and the rest of the station was refurbished. Unfortunately this investment coincided with the significant decline in employment in Central Liverpool and surrounding areas, patronage fell, and the peak hour train service provided nowadays through the extensive grade-separated tunnel junctions is notably less than was provided in the 1960s-70s, just using the flat junction.

The station is due to be temporarily closed in late 2014 after Merseyrail secured a £40 million investment from Network Rail to allow improvement works to take place at all five of Liverpool's underground stations. Hamilton Square is due to be the last of the five stations to be refurbished.[3]


The station is staffed, during all opening hours, and has platform CCTV.[4] There are toilets, a payphone, an ATM, booking office, a ticket machine and live departure and arrival screens, for passenger information. The station doesn't have a car park or a cycle rack, though there is a drop-off point. Step-free access to the platforms, for wheelchairs and prams, is possible, via the lifts.[5] The station also has a shop, in the main booking hall, which opened in 2007 and which sells tickets and snacks.


During Monday-Saturday daytime, trains operate at least every five minutes to James Street and around the Liverpool city centre loop. In the other direction, trains operate every 15 minutes to each of New Brighton, West Kirby and Chester, and every 30 minutes to Ellesmere Port. At other times, trains operate every 30 minutes to each of these four destinations, giving a service every 5–10 minutes to Liverpool.[6] These services are all provided by Merseyrail's fleet of Class 507 and Class 508 EMUs.

Bus link to Twelve Quays ferry terminal[edit]

A courtesy bus operates from a bus stop outside the station on Bridge Street to Twelve Quays (and vice versa) in connection with Stena Line ferry sailings to/ from Belfast. Through ticketing is available.[7]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 112. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508. 
  2. ^ English Heritage. "Hamilton Square Station, Birkenhead (1218084)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 July 2012 .
  3. ^ Hamilton Square Refurbishment
  4. ^ Station Facilities for Birkenhead Hamilton Square Accessed 2013-12-19
  5. ^ Birkenhead Hamilton Square Station Plan Accessed 2013-12-19
  6. ^ "Wirral Line timetable". Merseyrail. Retrieved 2013-12-18. 
  7. ^

External links[edit]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Birkenhead Central   Merseyrail
Wirral Line
Ellesmere Port/Chester
  James Street
Conway Park Merseyrail
Wirral Line
New Brighton/West Kirby