Hammana

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Hammana
City
Map showing the location of Falougha within Lebanon
Map showing the location of Falougha within Lebanon
Hammana
Location within Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°49′31″N 35°44′0″E / 33.82528°N 35.73333°E / 33.82528; 35.73333Coordinates: 33°49′31″N 35°44′0″E / 33.82528°N 35.73333°E / 33.82528; 35.73333
Country  Lebanon
Governorate Mount Lebanon Governorate
District Baabda District
Elevation 1,200 m (3,900 ft)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Dialing code +961

Hammana is a town in Lebanon, about 26 km (16 miles) East of Beirut and is part of Greater Beirut. Hammana sits at an altitude of 1200m (about 4000ft) above sea-level. It is in the Mount Lebanon Governorate in the district (or Caza) of Baabda. Hammana is bordered by the towns of Falougha, Shbaniye, Khraybe, Bmariam, Khalwet and Mdeirej.

Hammana has multiple water sources. The Sohat spring water bottling plant (now owned by Nestlé) is located nearby in Hammana. Evergreen trees such as pines, firs, spruce as well as some cedar trees are found everywhere in the town. Falougha is known regionally for its cherries, apples and fasolia beans (lubieh hammanieh).

Hammana has a rich diversity of religious communities consisting of Maronites, Greek Orthodox, Greek Catholics and Druze. It is a popular summer resort destination for many Lebanese and non-Lebanese tourists.

The word "Hammana" may have come from the name of the Phoenician Sun God Hammon" or "Hamman". These two names are derived from the word "Hama" which means heat of the sun.

The 19th century French poet, novelist and statesman Alphonse De Lamartine visited Lebanon and spent some time in Hammana. He described the town and its surrounding lush valley in his “Voyages en Orient” (1835) as "one of the most beautiful prospects ever presented to the human eye to scan in the works of God".

Hammana has given the world great humanitarian persons, among them Doctor Ma Haide (George Hatem) who helped save China from many diseases of the new age, and who was honored by naming the square in the front the town's square after him.

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