Hammersmith & City line

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Hammersmith & City
Hammersmith & City line flag box.svg
Overview
Type Sub-surface
System London Underground
Stations 29
Ridership 114.6 million (2011/12)[a][1] passenger journeys
Colour on map Salmon pink
Website tfl.gov.uk
Operation
Opening Infrastructure opened in stages between 1863 and 1902, shown as a separate line on the tube map from 1990.
Depot(s) Hammersmith[2]
Rolling stock S7 Stock (7 carriages per trainset)
Technical
Line length 25.5 km (15.8 mi)[3]
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Transport for London rail lines
London Underground
Bakerloo
Central
Circle
District
Hammersmith & City
Jubilee
Metropolitan
Northern
Piccadilly
Victoria
Waterloo & City
Other lines
Docklands Light Railway
Tramlink
Overground

The Hammersmith & City line of the London Underground runs between Hammersmith and Barking. Coloured salmon pink on the tube map, it serves 29 stations in 15.8 miles (25.5 km). It is underground in the central section between Paddington and Bow Road; between Farringdon and Aldgate East it skirts the City of London, the capital's financial heart. The tunnels are just below the surface and are a similar size to those on British main lines. Most of the track and all stations are shared with the District, Circle or Metropolitan lines, the other parts of London Underground's sub-surface railway, and over 114 million passenger journeys are made each year on this line and the Circle line.

In 1863 the Metropolitan Railway began the world's first underground railway service between Paddington and Farringdon with wooden carriages and steam locomotives. The following year a railway west from Paddington to Hammersmith opened and this soon became operated and owned jointly by the Metropolitan and Great Western railways. The line was extended to the east in stages, reaching the East London Railway in 1884. The line was electrified in 1906, and in 1936, after the Metropolitan Railway had been absorbed by London Passenger Transport Board, some Hammersmith & City trains were extended over the former District Railway line to Barking. The Hammersmith & City route was shown on the tube map as part of the Metropolitan line until 1990, when it appeared as a separate line.

The track and signalling systems are being upgraded and the old 6-car C Stock trains have been replaced by new 7-car S Stock trains in a programme to increase capacity by 65 per cent by 2019.

The line runs parallel to the Great Western Main Line between Paddington and Westbourne Park and parallel to the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway between West Ham and Barking.

History[edit]

Metropolitan Railway[edit]

Main article: Metropolitan Railway
Hammersmith & City Line
Hammersmith Circle Line District Line Piccadilly Line
Hammersmith depot
Goldhawk Road
Shepherd's Bush (H&C)
first site (1864–1914)
Shepherd's Bush Market
Shepherd's Bush until 2008
Wood Lane
(1908–1959) known as White City after 1947
Wood Laneopened 2008
West London Line
Services to Kensington (Olympia)
withdrawn in 1940
Latimer Road
Ladbroke Grove
Great Western Main Line
Westbourne Park
Crossrail Opening 2018
Royal Oak
Paddington(H&C, Crossrail) Crossrail National Rail
Paddington(Circle/District) Bakerloo Line
Edgware Road Circle Line District Line
Metropolitan line
Baker Street Bakerloo Line Jubilee Line Metropolitan Line
Great Portland Street
Euston Square National Rail Euston Watford DC Line
Thameslink
King's Cross St. Pancras Northern Line Piccadilly Line Victoria Line National Rail
Farringdon Crossrail National Rail
Thameslink
Barbican
Moorgate Northern Line National Rail
Liverpool Street Central Line Circle Line Metropolitan Line Crossrail National Rail
Circle line
Aldgate(Circle/Metropolitan)
District line
Aldgate East District Line
St Mary'sclosed 1938
St Mary's Curve to East London Line
Services withdrawn in 1939
Whitechapel East London Line Crossrail
East London Line
Crossrail Opening 2018
to Abbey Wood and Shenfield
Stepney Green
Central line
to Central London
enlarge… Mile End Central Line
Central line
to Woodford and Hainault
LTS Line
to London Fenchurch Street
Bow Road (Docklands Light RailwayBow Church)
Bromley-by-Bow
West Ham Jubilee Line National Rail
Plaistow
Upton Park
East Ham
London Overground
Gospel Oak to Barking Line
Barking District Line Gospel Oak to Barking Line National Rail
District line
to Upminster

The first line built by the Metropolitan Railway (Met) was from Paddington to near Smithfield, near London's financial heart in the City; with gas-lit wooden carriages hauled by steam locomotives opened on 10 January 1863 it was the world's first underground railway. The line was built mostly under the New Road using the "cut-and-cover" method between Paddington and King's Cross and then in tunnel and cuttings beside Farringdon Road.[4][5] Supported by the Met and the Great Western Railway (GWR), the Hammersmith & City Railway (H&CR) was built from the GWR's main line a mile west of Paddington station to the developing suburbs of Shepherd's Bush and Hammersmith.[6][7] Built on viaduct largely across open fields,[8] the line opened on 13 June 1864 with a GWR service from Farringdon[9] to Hammersmith,[10] services to Addison Road (now Kensington (Olympia)) on the West London Railway via a link at Latimer Road starting a few weeks later.[9] From 1865 the Met ran trains to Hammersmith and the GWR trains to Addison Road.[b] In 1867 the line became jointly owned by the two companies. In 1871 two additional tracks parallel to the GWR between Westbourne Park and Paddington were brought into use for the H&CR, and in 1878 the flat crossing at Westbourne Park was replaced by a dive-under.[8] A year earlier some services had been extended via London & South Western Railway's Hammersmith (Grove Road) railway station and their line to Richmond.[12][10]

The railway was extended east of Farringdon and a terminus opened at Aldgate on 18 November 1876.[13] The Met wished to access the South Eastern Railway via the East London Railway (ELR) and jointly with the District Railway built lines from their Mansion House station to the Met's Aldgate station and east from Aldgate to reach the ELR at Whitechapel. In October 1884 the Met extended some Hammersmith services over the ELR to New Cross.[14][10]

In 1902 the Whitechapel & Bow Railway was opened, linking the District Railway at Whitechapel to the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway (LT&SR) at an above-ground junction at Bow, to the west of Bromley-by-Bow station, and some District services were extended from Whitechapel to East Ham.[15] When the line was electrified in 1906 services to Richmond were withdrawn and the western termini became Hammersmith and Kensington (Addison Road), and to the east services were diverted from the ELR to Whitechapel,[16] until the ELR was electrified in 1914 and services ran from Hammersmith to New Cross and New Cross Gate.[17] The 6-car electric multiple units were jointly owned by the Met and GWR until 1923 when the GWR sold theirs to the Met.[18]

London Transport[edit]

On 1 July 1933 the Metropolitan Railway was amalgamated with other Underground railways, tramway companies and bus operators to form the London Passenger Transport Board. To relieve congestion on the District line east of Whitechapel from 1936 some trains from Hammersmith were diverted from the East London line to Barking.[10] Through trains to New Cross and New Cross Gate were withdrawn in November 1939,[10] the Hammersmith & City line trains terminating at Whitechapel while the longer 8-car Uxbridge line trains ran to Barking. However, this caused operational problems and from 1941 Barking was again served by trains from Hammersmith.[19]

From 1937 new steel O stock trains, with doors remotely operated by the guard, replaced the wooden-bodied trains dating from 1906. It had been intended to operate the new trains with four or six cars,[19] but after initial problems with the traction current only six-car formations were used.[20] Services to Kensington (Olympia) via the curve at Latimer Road were suspended in 1940 after bomb damage to the West London line and not restarted after the war.[21] When the similar trains running on the Circle line were lengthened to six cars in 1959 and 1960, the stock of the two lines was integrated with maintenance at Hammersmith depot.[22] Aluminium C Stock trains, with public address systems and originally unpainted, replaced these trains from 1970.[23] One person operation was proposed in 1972, but due to conflict with the trade unions was not introduced until 1984.[24]

A separate identity[edit]

The route between Hammersmith and Barking was shown on the tube map as part of the Metropolitan line, but since 1990 has been shown separately, the Metropolitan line becoming the route from Aldgate to Baker Street and northwards through "Metro-Land" to Uxbridge, Watford and Amersham.[10][25] In 2003, the infrastructure of the Hammersmith & City line was partly privatised in a public–private partnership, managed by the Metronet consortium. Metronet went into administration in 2007 and the local government body Transport for London took over responsibilities.[26] The reconstruction of Whitechapel station for the new Crossrail underground line required the reversing platforms to be taken out of use and since December 2009 all services have been extended to Plaistow or Barking.[27]

The C Stock trains have recently been replaced by S7 Stock; the first new train entered service on the Hammersmith & City Line on 6 July 2012, running a shuttle service between Hammersmith and Moorgate[28] before operating between Hammersmith and Barking on 9 December 2012.[29][30] By March 2014 all services were provided by S7 Stock trains.[31]

Route[edit]

The Hammersmith & City line and the London boroughs served

The line is 15.8 miles (25.5 km) long with 29 stations.[3] Much of its track is shared with the other London Underground sub-surface lines: from Hammersmith to Baker Street with the Circle line, from Baker Street to Aldgate with the Circle and Metropolitan lines and from Aldgate East station to Barking with the District line.[32] All its stations are shared with other lines.

The line is electrified with a four-rail DC system: a central conductor rail is energised at −210 V and a rail outside the running rails at +420 V, giving a potential difference of 630 V.[33] Much of the 2 miles 35 chains (3.9 km) double track railway from the Hammersmith terminus to Westbourne Park station is on a 20 feet (6.1 m) high brick viaduct.[7] After Westbourne Park the line passes beneath the Great Western main line re-surfacing at Royal Oak station and running alongside the main lines to Paddington station.[32] The line enters a cut-and-cover tunnel at the end of the platforms and meets the Circle line from Bayswater at Praed Street Junction before passing through Edgware Road station in a cutting. After King's Cross St Pancras the line is in cutting, passing under the Ray Street Gridiron that carries the City Widened Lines used for Thameslink services.[32][34] There are bay platforms at Moorgate. Just before Aldgate the line diverges from the Circle and Metropolitan lines to Aldgate East.[32] The line passes over the London Overground at Whitechapel station continuing on the 2 miles (3.2 km) former Whitechapel & Bow Railway to Bow Road where it surfaces, and then to Bromley-by-Bow, where it runs alongside the London, Tilbury and Southend line from Fenchurch Street. At the next station, West Ham, there is interchange with the Jubilee line, the Docklands Light Railway and c2c. There is a bay platform at the next station, Plaistow, and the line terminates after two more stations at Barking.[32]

Services[edit]

As of December 2012 off-peak there are six trains per hour, calling at all stations,[35] and requiring 15 trains for the peak hour service.[3] Together with the Circle line, over 114 million passenger journeys are made each year.[1] The journey from Hammersmith to Barking takes 61 minutes off-peak. The central section from Paddington to Aldgate East is in Fare Zone 1, to the west to Hammersmith and east to Bromley-by-Bow in Zone 2. Barking and East Ham are in Zone 4.[36]

Rolling Stock[edit]

S Stock[edit]

View of the rear of an electric multiple unit crossing a bridge, track in foreground
S7 Stock leaving West Ham station

Services are provided by seven-car S Stock, part of Bombardier's Movia family, with air-conditioning as the sub-surface tunnels (unlike those on the deep-level tube lines) are able to disperse the exhausted hot air.[37] These trains have regenerative brakes, returning around 20 per cent of their energy to the network.[38] With a top speed of 62 miles per hour (100 km/h),[37] a 7-car S Stock train has a capacity of 865 passengers, compared to 739 for the six-car C Stock train it replaced.[39][40] With a length of 384 feet (117 m), S Stock trains are 79 feet (24 m) longer than 305 feet (93 m) long C Stock trains and station platforms have been lengthened.[41] It is planned to increase the traction voltage from the present nominal 630 V to 750 V to give better performance and allow the trains to return more energy to the network through their regenerative brakes.[40]

Depot[edit]

The line's depot is at Hammersmith,[c] close to Hammersmith station, built by the Great Western Railway to be operated by the Metropolitan Railway when the joint railway was electrified in the early 20th century.[16] Sidings at Barking, Farringdon and near High Street Kensington (Triangle Sidings) stable trains overnight.[3]

Upgrade programme[edit]

Together with the introduction of S Stock trains, the track, electrical supply and signalling systems are being upgraded in a programme planned to increase peak-hour capacity on the Circle and Hammersmith & City lines by 65 per cent by the end of 2018.[42][43][44] A single control room for the sub-surface railway is to be established in Hammersmith and an automatic train control (ATC) system will replace signalling equipment installed from the 1940s.[43][45] The cross-London Crossrail line, planned to open in 2018, is expected to reduce crowding between Paddington and Whitechapel.[46][47]

List of stations[edit]

Station Image Opened[10] Additional information Position
Hammersmith Handicapped/disabled access A brown-bricked building with a rectangular, blue sign reading "HAMMERSMITH STATION" in white letters all under a grey sky 13 June 1864 Moved to current position 1 December 1868.[10] 51°29′39″N 000°13′30″W / 51.49417°N 0.22500°W / 51.49417; -0.22500 (01 - Hammersmith tube station)
Goldhawk Road An entrance under a railway brick viaduct with a blue sign reading "GOLDHAWK ROAD STATION" in white letters and two women walking in front all under a grey sky 1 April 1914 51°30′07″N 000°13′37″W / 51.50194°N 0.22694°W / 51.50194; -0.22694 (02 - Goldhawk Road tube station)
Shepherd's Bush Market A railway on a brick viaduct crosses a road on a steel bridge, with an entrance below a blue sign reading "SHEPHERD'S BUSH MARKET STATION" in white letters 13 June 1864 Moved to current position 1 April 1914.[10] Renamed from "Shepherd's Bush" in 2008.[48] 51°30′21″N 000°13′35″W / 51.50583°N 0.22639°W / 51.50583; -0.22639 (03 - Shepherd's Bush Market tube station)
Wood Lane Handicapped/disabled access A silver metal and glass building with a blue sign with "WOOD LANE STATION" in white letters 1 May 1908 Open as Wood Lane (Exhibition) 1908–14 and as required from 1920 as Wood Lane (White City). Renamed White City in 1947 and closed in 1959,[10] relocated and re-opened as Wood Lane on 12 October 2008.[49] 51°30′35″N 000°13′27″W / 51.50972°N 0.22417°W / 51.50972; -0.22417 (04 - Wood Lane tube station)
Latimer Road A railway on a brick viaduct crosses a road, an entrance in the brickwork below a sign reading "LATIMER ROAD STATION" 16 December 1868 Closed between 17 January and 1 August 2011 for refurbishment and extension works[50] 51°30′50″N 000°13′02″W / 51.51389°N 0.21722°W / 51.51389; -0.21722 (05 - Latimer Road tube station)
Ladbroke Grove A brick building with an entrance below a sign reading "LADBROKE GROVE STATION". Three people are in a group ouside the entrance 13 June 1864 Opened as Notting Hill, renamed Notting Hill & Ladbroke Grove in 1880, Ladbroke Grove (North Kensington) in 1919 and Ladbroke Grove in 1938.[10] 51°31′02″N 000°12′38″W / 51.51722°N 0.21056°W / 51.51722; -0.21056 (06 - Ladbroke Grove tube station)
Westbourne Park A dirty, white-bricked building with a rectangular, dark blue sign reading "WESTBOURNE PARK STATION" in white letters all under a blue sky 1 February 1866 Moved to current position 1 November 1871,[10] and a Great Western main line station until 1992.[d][51][52] 51°31′16″N 000°12′04″W / 51.52111°N 0.20111°W / 51.52111; -0.20111 (07 - Westbourne Park tube station)
Royal Oak A brown-bricked building with a rectangular, dark blue sign reading "ROYAL OAK STATION" in white letters all under a light blue sky 30 October 1871 Also a Great Western main line station until 1934.[53] 51°31′09″N 000°11′17″W / 51.51917°N 0.18806°W / 51.51917; -0.18806 (08 - Royal Oak tube station)
Paddington A platform with several people waiting for a train. A white square sign has a London Underground roundel with "PADDINGTON" in the centre. To the right there is a track with fourth track electrification and on an adjacent track a blue multiple unit train with red doors waits. 10 January 1863 Opened as Paddington (Bishop's Road), renamed in 1948.[10]
Connects with Bakerloo and District lines and Paddington main line station.
51°31′07″N 000°10′46″W / 51.51861°N 0.17944°W / 51.51861; -0.17944 (09 - Paddington station (H&C platforms))
Edgware Road A tan-coloured building with brown-framed windows and a sign reading "METROPOLITAN EDGWARE ROAD STATION RAILWAY" in brown letters 10 January 1863 Connects with District and Circle lines. 51°31′12″N 000°10′04″W / 51.52000°N 0.16778°W / 51.52000; -0.16778 (10 - Edgware Road tube station)
Baker Street A street filled with people in front of a light grey building that has variously coloured signs protruding from it stating a variety of different things 10 January 1863 Connects with Bakerloo, Jubilee and Metropolitan lines. 51°31′19″N 000°09′25″W / 51.52194°N 0.15694°W / 51.52194; -0.15694 (11 - Baker Street tube station)
Great Portland Street A beige-bricked building with a blue sign reading "GREAT PORTLAND STREET STATION" in white letters all under a blue sky with white clouds 10 January 1863 Opened as Portland Road, renamed Great Portland Street in 1917. Named Great Portland Street & Regent's Park 1923–33.[10] 51°31′26″N 000°08′38″W / 51.52389°N 0.14389°W / 51.52389; -0.14389 (12 - Great Portland Street tube station)
Euston Square A building covered in windows with a blue sign reading "EUSTON SQUARE STATION" in white letters all under a blue sky with white clouds 10 January 1863 Opened as Gower Street and renamed in 1909.[10] Connects with Euston main line station. 51°31′33″N 000°08′09″W / 51.52583°N 0.13583°W / 51.52583; -0.13583 (13 - Euston Square tube station)
King's Cross St Pancras Handicapped/disabled access Beneath a blue sign reading "KING'S CROSS ST. PANCRAS UNDERGROUND STATION several people exit from an entrance leading to steps down. To the right there are silver doors under a sign reading "Lift". The sky is overcast, above the entrance is a dark blue temporary building 10 January 1863 Opened as King's Cross, renamed King's Cross & St. Pancras in 1925 and King's Cross St. Pancras in 1933. Moved to current position in 1941.[10]
Connects with Northern, Piccadilly and Victoria lines St Pancras and King's Cross main line stations.
51°31′49″N 000°07′27″W / 51.53028°N 0.12417°W / 51.53028; -0.12417 (14 - King's Cross St. Pancras tube station)
Farringdon Handicapped/disabled access A street view of a pale stone two storey building. Across the top of the building signs read "FARRINGDON & HIGH HOLBORN STATION" and "METROPOLITAN RAILWAY" in gold colour lettering. At ground level a canopy extends into the street around a blue sign reads "FARRINGDON STATION" with the London Underground roundel and National Rail symbols, and just above an entrance is a gold lettering reading "ENTRANCE". Either side of the entrance are shops, bicycles are in bicycle stands and people are walking on the pavement in front of the building 10 January 1863 Opened as Farringdon Street, and moved to current position in 1865. Renamed Farringdon & High Holborn in 1922 and Farringdon in 1936.[10]
Connects with Thameslink services.
51°31′12″N 000°06′19″W / 51.52000°N 0.10528°W / 51.52000; -0.10528 (15 - Farringdon station)
Barbican Across a road with a London taxi and a car is an entrance. This has people standing in it and above is a blue rectangular sign reading "BARBICAN STATION" in white and above this is a bridge linking the building 23 December 1865 Opened as Aldersgate Street, then Aldersgate in 1910, Aldersgate & Barbican in 1923 and Barbican in 1968.[10] 51°31′13″N 000°05′52″W / 51.52028°N 0.09778°W / 51.52028; -0.09778 (16 - Barbican tube station)
Moorgate Across a street and behind black bollards is a brick building of at least two storeys. The ground floor is stone coloured and two people are standing in a dark entrance beneath a blue rectangular sign reading "MOORGATE STATION" in white. Above this, attached to be wall at 90 degrees is a white rectangular sign with the National Rail logo and London Underground roundel. Above this, below three windows, blue lettering reads "MOORGATE STATION" 23 December 1865 Opened as Moorgate Street, renamed in 1924.[10]
Connects with Northern line and the main line.
51°31′07″N 000°05′19″W / 51.51861°N 0.08861°W / 51.51861; -0.08861 (17 - Moorgate station)
Liverpool Street The end of a brick building with arched windows and sloping roofs lies between two towers with steeples. In front of this is a white metal an glass structure. People are standing and walking in the street in front. 11 July 1875 From February to July 1875 trains used platforms in the mainline station.[54]
Connects with Central and Circle lines and Liverpool Street mainline station.
51°31′04″N 000°04′59″W / 51.51778°N 0.08306°W / 51.51778; -0.08306 (18 - Liverpool Street station)
Aldgate East In the middle of building works a glass doors show banisters leading down beneath a sign reading "ALDGATE EAST STATION", this beneath a canopy supported on four girders. 6 October 1884 Connects with District line. Moved to current position in 1938.[10] 51°30′55″N 000°04′20″W / 51.51528°N 0.07222°W / 51.51528; -0.07222 (19 - Aldgate East tube station)
Whitechapel Two entrances on the ground floor of what looks like a terraced house between a shop with green sign reading "Fresh" and a building with a sign reading "Lecture Hall" above a door 6 October 1884 Connects with London Overground services. Opened as Whitechapel (Mile End), renamed in 1901. Metropolitan service began in 1906, and withdrawn 1913–36.[10] 51°31′08″N 000°03′40″W / 51.51889°N 0.06111°W / 51.51889; -0.06111 (20 - Whitechapel station)
Stepney Green A brick building under a slate roof with a pale front; two arched doorways on the left and four arched windows to the right, above which a rectangular, dark blue sign reading "STEPNEY GREEN STATION" in white letters 23 June 1902 Metropolitan service began in 1941.[10] 51°31′19″N 000°02′47″W / 51.52194°N 0.04639°W / 51.52194; -0.04639 (21 - Stepney Green tube station)
Mile End A grey-bricked building with a rectangular, dark blue sign reading "MILE END STATION" in white letters all under a light blue sky with white clouds 2 June 1902 Cross platform interchange with Central line. Metropolitan service began in 1936.[10] 51°31′30″N 000°01′59″W / 51.52500°N 0.03306°W / 51.52500; -0.03306 (22 - Mile End tube station)
Bow Road A red-bricked building with a blue sign reading "BOW ROAD STATION" in white letters and a tree in the foreground all under a blue sky with white clouds 11 June 1902 Main line station opened in 1876 and moved in 1892.[55] Metropolitan service began in 1936,[10] main line station closed in 1947.[55] 51°31′38″N 000°01′29″W / 51.52722°N 0.02472°W / 51.52722; -0.02472 (23 - Bow Road tube station)
Bromley-by-Bow A squat bricked building behind a concrete wall with a dark blue sign reading "BROMLEY-BY-BOW STATION" in white letters 2 June 1902 Opened as main line station in 1894. First served as Bromley, Metropolitan service began in 1936, main line station closed in 1940 and renamed in 1967.[10][56] 51°31′26″N 000°00′41″W / 51.52389°N 0.01139°W / 51.52389; -0.01139 (24 - Bromley-by-Bow tube station)
West Ham Handicapped/disabled access A brown-bricked building with a large, grey sign reading "WEST HAM" in white letters and four people in front all under a light grey sky 2 June 1902 Connects with Jubilee line, Docklands Light Railway and c2c services. Main line station opened 1901, Named West Ham (Manor Road) from 1924–69, Metropolitan service began in 1941 and main line station closed 1994.[10][57] 51°31′41″N 000°00′14″E / 51.52806°N 0.00389°E / 51.52806; 0.00389 (25 - West Ham station)
Plaistow A red bricked cube shaped building with a rectangular, dark blue sign reading "PLAISTOW STATION" in white letters and people walking on the pavement in front 2 June 1902 Main line station opened in 1858.[58] Metropolitan service began in 1936.[10] 51°31′53″N 000°01′02″E / 51.53139°N 0.01722°E / 51.53139; 0.01722 (26 - Plaistow tube station)
Upton Park A red-and-brown bricked building with a rectangular, dark blue sign reading "UPTON PARK STATION" in white letters all under a light blue sky 2 June 1902 Main line station opened in 1877.[59] Metropolitan service began in 1936.[10] 51°32′06″N 000°02′04″E / 51.53500°N 0.03444°E / 51.53500; 0.03444 (27 - Upton Park tube station)
East Ham Handicapped/disabled access A red- and brown-bricked building with a blue sign reading "EAST HAM STATION" in white letters and people walking in front all under a white sky 2 June 1902 Main line station opened in 1858.[60] Metropolitan service began in 1936.[10] 51°32′20″N 000°03′06″E / 51.53889°N 0.05167°E / 51.53889; 0.05167 (28 - East Ham tube station)
Barking Handicapped/disabled access A glass and steel building with a canopy, a row of shops at ground level. There is a bus waiting at a bus stop in front of the building, and cars waiting with people. A sign above an entrance readings "Barking" with symbols for National Rail and London Underground. 2 June 1902 Connects with c2c, London Overground, and District line services to Upminster. Main line station opened in 1854.[61] District Railway service withdrawn 1905–8. Metropolitan service began in 1936.[10] 51°32′21″N 000°04′54″E / 51.53917°N 0.08167°E / 51.53917; 0.08167 (29 - Barking station)

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ combined figures for Circle and Hammersmith & City lines
  2. ^ In August 1872, the Addison Road service became the Middle Circle when extended over the District Railway to Earl's Court and onto Mansion House. From 1 July 1900 the service was cut back to run from Earl's Court to Aldgate before being withdrawn in January 1905.[11]
  3. ^ Position: 51°29′52″N 000°13′31″W / 51.49778°N 0.22528°W / 51.49778; -0.22528 (30 - Hammersmith Depot)
  4. ^ Leboff (1994, p. 152) adds that the station opened as 'Westbourne Park & Kensal Green' and was served from the outset by the GWR, whereas Butt (1995, p. 244) gives the GWR serving from 1871.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Performance: LU Performance Data Almanac". Transport for London. 2011/12. Retrieved 17 January 2013. 
  2. ^ "London Underground Key Facts". Transport for London. Retrieved 21 May 2008. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Hammersmith & City line: Key Facts". tfl.gov.uk. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  4. ^ Green 1987, pp. 3–5.
  5. ^ Edwards, Dennis; Pigram, Ron (1988). The Golden Years of the Metropolitan Railway and the Metro-land Dream. Bloomsbury. p. 32. ISBN 1-870630-11-4. 
  6. ^ Wolmar 2004, pp. 66–67.
  7. ^ a b Jackson 1986, p. 38.
  8. ^ a b Jackson 1986, pp. 39–40.
  9. ^ a b Jackson 1986, pp. 38–39.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad Rose 2007.
  11. ^ Bruce 1983, p. 11.
  12. ^ Green 1987, p. 11.
  13. ^ Jackson 1986, pp. 69–71.
  14. ^ Jackson 1986, p. 109.
  15. ^ Horne 2006, pp. 28–29.
  16. ^ a b Jackson 1986, p. 185.
  17. ^ Jackson 1986, pp. 224, 349.
  18. ^ Jackson 1986, p. 237.
  19. ^ a b Horne 2003, p. 65.
  20. ^ Bruce 1983, p. 93.
  21. ^ Horne 2006, p. 73.
  22. ^ Bruce 1983, p. 95.
  23. ^ Bruce 1983, p. 114.
  24. ^ Croome, Desmond F.; Jackson, Alan Arthur (1993). Rails Through the Clay: A History of London's Tube Railways. Capital Transport. p. 468. ISBN 978-1-85414-151-4. 
  25. ^ "London Underground map 1990". The London Tube map archive. Retrieved 21 November 2012. 
  26. ^ "PPP Performance Report". Transport for London. 2009/10. pp. 7–8. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  27. ^ "Review of the new SSR service pattern introduced in December 2009". Transport for London. 8 February 2011. pp. 2, 8. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  28. ^ John Bull and George Moore (9 July 2012). "In Pictures: The S7 Stock In Passenger Service". London Reconnections. Retrieved 16 July 2012. 
  29. ^ Marc Johnson (13 December 2012). "First S Stock train runs on Hammersmith & City line". Rail.co. Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
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Bibliography[edit]

  • Bruce, J Graeme (1983). Steam to Silver. A history of London Transport Surface Rolling Stock. Capital Transport. ISBN 0-904711-45-5. 
  • Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. 
  • Green, Oliver (1987). The London Underground: An illustrated history. Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-1720-4. 
  • Horne, Mike (2003). The Metropolitan Line. Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-275-5. 
  • Horne, Mike (2006). The District Line. Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-292-5. 
  • Jackson, Alan (1986). London's Metropolitan Railway. David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-8839-8. 
  • Leboff, David (1994). London Underground Stations. Ian Allan. ISBN 978-0-7110-2226-3. 
  • Rose, Douglas (December 2007) [1980]. The London Underground: A Diagrammatic History (8th ed.). Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-315-0. 
  • Wolmar, Christian (2004). The Subterranean Railway: how the London Underground was built and how it changed the city forever. Atlantic. ISBN 1-84354-023-1. 

Further reading[edit]

  • London Railway Map. Quail Maps. 2001. ISBN 978-1-898319-54-2. 
  • Yonge, John (November 2008) [1994]. Jacobs, Gerald, ed. 5: Southern & TfL. Railway Track Diagrams (3rd ed.). Bradford on Avon: Trackmaps. ISBN 978-0-9549866-4-3. 

External links[edit]