Hammersmith (UK Parliament constituency)

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Hammersmith
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Hammersmith in Greater London.
County Greater London
Electorate 70,008 (December 2010)
Current constituency
Created 2010
Member of Parliament Andy Slaughter (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Hammersmith and Fulham
19831997
Number of members One
Replaced by Hammersmith & Fulham
Created from Hammersmith North
18851918
Number of members One
Replaced by Hammersmith North, Hammersmith South
Created from Chelsea
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Hammersmith is a constituency[n 1] in Greater London represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 recreation by Andy Slaughter of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

Boundaries 1885–1918[edit]

The parliamentary borough of Hammersmith was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 and consisted of the civil parish of Hammersmith (in Middlesex only until 1889 when it fell within the approximately 30,000 acres (120 km2) that became part of the County of London under the Local Government Act 1888). Like almost all seats created from 1885 it returned one Member of Parliament.[1] This was the first parliamentary constituency to be based on the town, which from 1868-1885 was at the westernmost part of Chelsea and previously had been part of the parliamentary county of Middlesex. In 1900 the Metropolitan Borough of Hammersmith was formed, but this did not affect the constituency's boundaries.[2]

The seat bordered to the west the Ealing seat, to the north the large Harrow division of Middlesex seat, to the east Kensington North and Kensington South and to the south the large Kingston division of Surrey and, to the southeast, Fulham. In 1918 the Hammersmith constituency was divided into Hammersmith North and Hammersmith South constituencies.

Boundaries 1983–1997[edit]

The second parliamentary borough constituency of Hammersmith was created in 1983.[3] By then the area was part of Greater London and the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham (both created in 1965). The constituency consisted of ten wards of the London borough, namely Addison, Broadway, Brook Green, College Park and Old Oak, Coningham, Grove, Ravenscourt, Starch Green, White City and Shepherds Bush, and Wormholt. The seat was entirely formed from the previous Hammersmith North constituency.

The BBC Television Centre, Shepherd's Bush Market and the Hammersmith Apollo was in this version of the constituency for its 14-year existence however Westfield London shopping centre had not yet been built.

The constituency was abolished in 1997 and mostly replaced by Hammersmith and Fulham. A northern slice of the seat became part of Ealing, Acton and Shepherd's Bush. The new Hammersmith and Fulham constituency included the town centres of both Hammersmith and Fulham.[4]

Boundaries from 2010[edit]

Following a review of parliamentary boundaries in North London, the Boundary Commission for England created a new Hammersmith constituency for the 2010 general election, following major changes in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. The review also created new seats of Chelsea and Fulham and Kensington.

The current Hammersmith constituency is made up of ten electoral wards of the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham:

  • Addison
  • Askew
  • Avonmore and Brook Green
  • College Park and Old Oak
  • Fulham Reach
  • Hammersmith Broadway
  • North End
  • Ravenscourt Park
  • Shepherd's Bush Green
  • Wormholt and White City

The 2005 notional result was Labour 44.6%, Conservative 31.1% and Liberal Democrat 19.2%.[5]

Constituency profile[edit]

The constituency includes the western part of the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, stretching from Wormwood Scrubs down to the River Thames. It takes in the commercial and business hub of Hammersmith itself, parts of northwestern Fulham, the western part of Earl's Court (the Exhibition Centre itself straddles the boundary between this constituency and the Kensington seat), West Kensington, Shepherd's Bush, and White City. The seat has northern areas with a much higher proportion of social housing dependency than the London average and overall this leads to the seat having slightly higher rates of unemployment and underemployment.[6]

Landmarks in the seat include BBC Television Centre and Loftus Road football ground, home to Queens Park Rangers.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1885–1918[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Walter Tuckfield Goldsworthy Conservative
1900 William James Bull Conservative
1918 Constituency abolished: see Hammersmith North and Hammersmith South

MPs 1983–1997[edit]

Election Member Party Notes
1983 Clive Soley Labour later Baron Soley
1997 Constituency abolished: see Hammersmith and Fulham

MPs 2010-[edit]

Election Member Party Notes
2010 Andy Slaughter Labour previously MP for Ealing, Acton and Shepherd's Bush 2005-2010

Elections[edit]

Election results since 2010[edit]

General Election 2015: Hammersmith
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charlie Dewhirst[7]
Labour Andy Slaughter

The percentage change values were based on the 2005 notional results because this was a newly created seat.

2010 General Election: Hammersmith[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Andy Slaughter* 20,810 43.9 +1.5
Conservative Shaun Bailey 17,261 36.4 +2.4
Liberal Democrat Merlene Emerson 7,567 15.9 -3.0
Green Rollo Miles 696 1.5 -2.6
UKIP Vanessa Crichton 555 1.2 +0.6
BNP James Searle 432 0.9 +0.9
Independent Stephen Brennan 135 0.3 +0.3
Majority 3,549 7.5
Turnout 47,452 65.6 +7.0
Labour hold Swing -0.5
* Served as an MP in the 2005–2010 Parliament for the seat of Ealing, Acton and Shepherd's Bush

Election results 1983-1992[edit]

General Election 1992: Hammersmith[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Clive Soley 17,329 51.0 +6.0
Conservative JA Hennessy 12,575 37.0 −1.1
Liberal Democrat JH Bates 3,380 10.0 −5.0
Green RS Crosskey 546 1.6 +0.3
Natural Law KA Turner 89 0.3 +0.3
Anti-Federalist League Miss H Szamuely 41 0.1 +0.1
Majority 4,754 14.0 +7.1
Turnout 33,960 71.5 −1.3
Labour hold Swing +3.6
General Election 1987: Hammersmith
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Clive Soley 15,811 45.01
Conservative Nirj Deva 13,396 38.14
Liberal Simon Harold John Arthur Knott 5,241 14.92
Green D.P. Kirk 453 1.29
Red Front P.J.F. Fitzpatrick 125 0.36
Humanist M.M.A Carrick 98 0.28
Majority 2,415 6.88
Turnout 72.74
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Hammersmith
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Clive Soley 13,645 41.47
Conservative N. Mansfield 11,691 35.53
Social Democratic
  • M. Starks
4,925 14.97
Liberal
  • Simon Harold John Arthur Knott
1,912 5.81
Ecology D. Sutherland 325 0.99
National Front L. Bennett 250 0.76
Workers Revolutionary C. Dixon 81 0.25
Independent P. Dick 73 0.22
Majority 1,954 5.94
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
  • Both Starks and Knott were official candidates of their respective local parties and both supported the Alliance between the Liberals and the SDP, however Starks was given endorsement by the both national parties.

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

William Bull
December 1910 General Election: Hammersmith

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir William James Bull 5,807 55.6 1.0
Liberal George Blaiklock 4,645 44.4 -1.0
Majority 1,162
Turnout 14,362 72.8
Conservative hold Swing
January 1910 General Election: Hammersmith
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir William James Bull 6,668 54.6 6.2
Liberal George Blaiklock 5,542 45.4 2.2
Majority 1,126
Turnout 14,362 85.0
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

1906 General Election: Hammersmith
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir William James Bull 5,111 48.4 -23.2
Liberal George Blaiklock 4,562 43.2 14.8
Independent Labour G. Belt 885 8.4
Majority 549
Turnout 14,007 75.4
Conservative hold Swing
1900 General Election: Hammersmith
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William James Bull 5,458 71.6 10.8
Liberal Michael Emil Lange 2,166 28.4 -10.8
Majority 3,292
Turnout 13,064 58.4
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

1895 General Election: Hammersmith
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Walter Tuckfield Goldsworthy 5,017 60.8 6.7
Lib-Lab William Charles Steadman 3,238 39.2 -6.7
Majority 1,779
Turnout 12,378 66.7
Conservative hold Swing
1892 General Election: Hammersmith
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Walter Tuckfield Goldsworthy 4,387 54.1 -8.7
Lib-Lab Frank Samuel Smith 3,718 45.9 8.7
Majority 669
Turnout 11,534 70.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

1886 General Election: Hammersmith
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Major-Gen. Walter Tuckfield Goldsworthy 3,991 62.8 4.9
Liberal F. Dethridge 2,362 37.2 -4.9
Majority 1,629
Turnout 9,611 66.1
Conservative hold Swing
1885 General Election: Hammersmith
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Major-Gen. Walter Tuckfield Goldsworthy 4,264 57.9
Liberal Thomas Chatfeild Clarke 3,095 42.1
Majority 1,169
Turnout 9,611 76.6
Conservative gain from new seat Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885, (48 & 49 Vict.) c. 23, Schedule 4
  2. ^ F A Youngs Jr., Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I: Southern England, London, 1979
  3. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983 (S.I. 1983 No. 417)
  4. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995 No. 1626)
  5. ^ Hammersmith UK Polling Report
  6. ^ 2001 Census
  7. ^ http://electionresults.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/hammersmith-2015.html
  8. ^ Election 2010 - Hammersmith BBC News
  9. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010. 

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 51°31′N 0°14′W / 51.51°N 0.23°W / 51.51; -0.23