Hammersmith Apollo

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Not to be confused with Hammersmith Palais.
Eventim Apollo
Eventim Apollo, 2013
Venue during 2013 reopening
Former names Gaumont Palace (1932–62)
Hammersmith Odeon (1962–92)
Labatt's Apollo (1992–96)
Hammersmith Apollo (1996–2002; 2006–09; 2013)
Carling Apollo Hammersmith (2002–06)
HMV Hammersmith Apollo (2009–12)
Address 45 Queen Caroline St
London,
W6 9QH
Location Hammersmith, London
Coordinates 51°29′27.25″N 0°13′28.35″W / 51.4909028°N 0.2245417°W / 51.4909028; -0.2245417Coordinates: 51°29′27.25″N 0°13′28.35″W / 51.4909028°N 0.2245417°W / 51.4909028; -0.2245417:
Owner AEG Live
CTS Eventim
Capacity 3,487 (1932–2003)
5,039 (Open seating)
3,632 (Reserved seating)
Construction
Built 1930-32
Opened 28 March 1932 (1932-03-28)
Renovated 2013
Construction cost £5 million (2013 renovations)
Website
Venue website

The Hammersmith Apollo, known through sponsorship as the Eventim Apollo, is a major entertainment venue and a Grade II* listed building[1] located in Hammersmith, London. Designed by Robert Cromie in Art Deco style, it opened in 1932 as the Gaumont Palace, being renamed the Hammersmith Odeon in 1962. It has had a string of names and owners, most recently AEG Live and CTS Eventim.[2]

History[edit]

Hammersmith Apollo, 2008

The venue was opened in 1932 as the Gaumont Palace and seated nearly 3,500 people. It was designed by Robert Cromie in the Art Deco style.[3] In 1962, the building was renamed Hammersmith Odeon, a name many people still use for the venue along with the abbreviation "Hammy-O". It became a Grade II listed building in 1990. The venue was later refurbished and renamed Labatt's Apollo following a sponsorship deal with Labatt Brewing Company (1993 or 1994).

In 2002, the venue was again renamed, this time to Carling Apollo after Carling brewery struck a deal with the owners, US-based Clear Channel Entertainment (spun off as Live Nation (Venues) UK Ltd in 2005). The venue's listing was upgraded to Grade II* status in 2005. In 2003, the stalls seats were made removable and now some concerts have full seating whilst others have standing-only in the stalls. In the latter format the venue can accommodate around 5,000 people. The event was marked by rock band AC/DC playing an exclusive one-off concert and only charging £10 per ticket. All 5,000 tickets sold out in 4 minutes. In 2006, the venue reverted to its former name, the Hammersmith Apollo. In 2007, the original 1932 Compton pipe organ, still present from the building's days as a cinema, was restored. The building then changed hands and was bought by the MAMA Group.

On 14 January 2009, a placing announcement by HMV Group revealed that by selling additional shares, the company would raise money to fund a joint venture with the MAMA Group, to run eleven live music venues across the United Kingdom, including the Hammersmith Apollo. As a result, the venue was named HMV Apollo from 2009 until 2012. Other venues purchased include The Forum in London's Kentish Town, the Birmingham Institute and Aberdeen's Moshulu.[4] The venue was sold by HMV Group in May 2012 to AEG Live and CTS Eventim.[5] In 2013, the venue was closed for an extensive refurbishment which was carried out by award-winning architect Foster Wilson.[6] The venue reopened as the Eventim Apollo on 7 September 2013, with a concert performance by Selena Gomez[7][8]

The Compton pipe organ[edit]

Restored organ, 2007

The original 1932 Compton pipe organ is still present at the Apollo and was fully restored to playing condition in 2007.[9] It has a four-manual console which rises through the stage on a new lift and about 1,200 organ pipes housed in large chambers above the front stalls ceiling. Having fallen into disrepair, the organ was disconnected in the 1990s and the console removed from the building. However at English Heritage and the council's insistence it has been reinstated and the entire organ restored. A launch party was held on 25 July 2007, at which an invited audience and the media witnessed top organist Richard Hills play the instrument.[10]

Pipe organs such as this were installed in most cinemas of the pre-war period to provide music for film shows, accompany silent movies and to feature in solo performances. Many were also broadcast on the radio and recorded on 78 rpm records. These organs were based on church-type instruments but had many other sounds including percussion instruments built in. A lot of the pipe sounds were designed to sound like instruments of the orchestra and indeed the organs were in effect one-man orchestras, offering a large variety of sounds and being capable of accommodating music styles from classical to jazz. Although several such organs survive in the UK these days, there are very few left in their original buildings. The Apollo organ is one of these and its sounds now fill the huge Apollo auditorium again after about 25 years of silence.

In popular culture[edit]

View of the stage and proscenium, 2007

Many bands have released live CDs, videos or DVDs of concerts held at the Apollo, such as Kings of Leon, Tears For Fears, Dire Straits, Sophie Ellis-Bextor and Robbie Williams. Kate Bush released a video and record EP of her concerts at the Odeon from her first and only tour in 1979. Duran Duran recorded at the Hammersmith Odeon on 16 November 1982 and released Live at Hammersmith '82!. Kylie Minogue and Girls Aloud released DVDs of their concerts at the Apollo in 2004 and 2005 respectively. A DVD of a Bruce Springsteen concert held there in 1975 was released as part of the Born to Run 30th Anniversary Edition package; later the CD Hammersmith Odeon London '75 was released. Melodic death metal band In Flames also released a DVD that featured footage of a December 2004 performance there. Comedian and actor Eddie Izzard's show Glorious was also released as a DVD. Rush recorded their 1978 performance and later included it in their three-disc set, Different Stages. American musician Tori Amos released a series of six live albums in 2005 known as The Original Bootlegs, one of which was recorded at the Apollo. Photographs of The Who outside the Hammersmith Odeon appear on their 1973 album Quadrophenia. Pink Floyd guitarist David Gilmour performed three nights at the venue in April 1984 which was documented on the David Gilmour Live 1984 concert film. These shows are of note as Roy Harper guested on "Short and Sweet" and Gilmour's Pink Floyd bandmate Nick Mason played drums on "Comfortably Numb". In 1984 the London based heavy metal band Iron Maiden recorded side 4 of their double live album 'Live After Death' at the venue. Iron Maiden's affection for the Hammersmith Odeon also resulted in the filming of a 1982 performance which was subsequently released as 'Beast over Hammersmith'.[11]

Other acts have made music videos featuring clips from performances at the Apollo; Kelly Clarkson made a special version of her "Breakaway" video using clips from her concert at the Apollo in 2006.

The Hammersmith Apollo is seen in the American romantic comedy film Just My Luck where McFly perform. In the movie, the venue stands-in for the Hard Rock Café. It is also the location in The Football Factory where the Chelsea fans board the bus for Liverpool. It is mentioned in the poem "Glam Rock: The Poem" by the poet Robert Archambeau. The exterior of the (then) Gaumont Palace was used as the "Grand" cinema in the 1957 British film The Smallest Show on Earth.

Noteworthy performances[edit]

1950s[edit]

  • On 25 March 1958, Buddy Holly performed two shows at the venue. These were his last shows ever in the United Kingdom.

1960s[edit]

1970s[edit]

  • The photo booklet that forms part of The Who's Quadrophenia album features pictures of the venue (particularly within the centre spread;) the photos of the main character (Jimmy) waiting, kneeling beside his GS Scooter outside the venue as the members of the band take their groupies to a limo were taken during a photo shoot set up specifically for the booklet; interestingly, even though the production team viewed the venue as an iconic image, the Who didn't play the Odeon during their 1973 'Quadrophenia' UK tour.
  • Miles Davis plays in 1982 with his modern Jazz fusion band. The concert was released years later in DVD.
  • In July 1973, David Bowie performed his final concert, as Ziggy Stardust, at the venue. The concert was filmed by American documentary filmmaker D. A. Pennebaker, who intercut scenes of fans outside the venue, Bowie in the dressing room, with the concert footage. The film was not released until 1983 and is now available on DVD as Ziggy Stardust & The Spiders From Mars.
  • On 16–18 May 1974, Slade played three dates on their "Crazee Nite Tour" supported by Beckett. The band had a Slade-look-alike competition onstage before the gig - where the audience had to cheer for their favourite look-alike. The results showed on the Slade clapometer. Also the band created three walkways from the stage into the audience. The theatre management kept these in place for about 8 years after the Slade gigs.
  • In 1978, Black Sabbath still with Ozzy Osbourne held concerts celebrating 10 years of career in the venue. The opening band was Van Halen. The concert was recorded and released on video and later on DVD, with the name of Never Say Die: A Decade of Black Sabbath. Still in 30/31 December 1981, the band now with Dio recorded the concerts at this venue. The gig was released on disc and vinyl in 2007, and later as part of the Deluxe edition of Mob Rules. In 1994 the show in Apollo is recorded and one year later as released whit name Cross Purposes Live.
  • In 1973, Mott the Hoople played, with Queen supporting them. The concert was recorded, and released in 1974 forming one side of the Mott The Hoople Live album.
  • In December 1974, Elton John played a televised Christmas concert for the BBC's Old Grey Whistle Test.[12]
  • In Christmas of 1975 Queen performed at the Hammersmith Odeon on 24 December during the A Night at the Opera Tour, many people called this gig as the first Legendary Concert of the band.
  • In 1975, Bruce Springsteen's performances there are well known, as is Neil Young's performance in the same year, when part of the venue caught fire.
  • On 15–16 May 1976, KISS made their first UK appearances, supported by UK rockers Stray; tickets sold out in 2 hours for their two night stay.
  • The Irish blues-rocker Rory Galagher recorded one concert for the BBC in 1977. The concert exists in bootleg DVD format, not in official format.
  • Carlos Santana and this band recorded for the BBC television program Old Grey Whistle Test in 1976.
  • In 1976, much of Thin Lizzy's live album Live And Dangerous was recorded at the Hammersmith on the Johnny The Fox Tour. Again in 1981, Lynott and this gang appeared in the venue for recorded of BBC In Concert. The disc are released as a part of the Box Set At The BBC, in 2011. Some of this tracks also appeared in the deluxe editions of Chinatown and Thunder and Lightning. Finally, the double live album Life/Live has recorded in the venue on the years of 1981 and 1983, whit the participation of guitarrists Eric Bell, Brian Robertson and Gary Moore. The guitarrist Snowy White participated on two tracks recorded in 1981 on the same venue.
  • The progressive rock band Camel recorded some tracks in 1976 for the release of a future live album. The album is released in 1978, and as called A Live Record. The entire concert as released and made part of the deluxe edition of Moonmadness. The same concert was broadcast by the BBC, and as released in DVD format. The DVD has called Moondances.
  • On 24 February 1978, Sweet played their first concert at Hammersmith Odeon. As it transpired, it was to be their last British show with the classic line-up featuring popular blonde singer Brian Connolly.
  • On 20 February 1978, Rush recorded 11 tracks from their "A Farewell to Kings" tour, including tracks from all of their first five albums. These tracks were not released at the time. They were included as a bonus disc on their 10 November 1998 release of Different Stages Live which included recordings from both their 1994 "Counterparts" and 1997 "Test for Echo" tours.
  • Gary Numan recorded his Touring Principle show on 28 September and is widely recognised as the first release of a live concert video.
  • Whitesnake recorded tracks for their live album "Live...in the Heart of the City" on 23 November 1978. The album also included tracks that were later recorded (also at the Hammersmith Odeon) on 23 and 24 June 1980.[13] Years latter, David Coverdale and this gang appears in Hammersmith for the recorded of Live... In the Still of the Night album and DVD set.
  • The albums 461 Ocean Boulevard and Slowhand of the guitarrist Eric Clapton were reissued in double cd deluxe format accompanied with a live album recorded at the venue, depicting tourne 1974 and 1976.
  • Frank Zappa also recorded parts of his 1979 album, Sheik Yerbouti, at the venue.
  • Kate Bush also performed the same year, and released a live video and record EP of her 1979 concerts.
  • In December 1979, Queen played several further concerts. The Hammersmith Odeon hosted the four-night Concerts for the People of Kampuchea, a benefit concert to raise money for Cambodian residents, who were victims of the tyrannical reign of dictator Pol Pot, of which Queen played the first night.

1980s[edit]

  • The solo band of Ronnie James Dio participated in the program broadcast on BBC Radio In Concert in 1984.
  • In 1980, the rock band UFO, without Michael Schencker, recorded the BBC program In Concert. In 1981, they again played in the venue for the same program. This two discs are in the UFO On Air: At The BBC, released in 2013. Schencker and this MSG recorded in 1983 one concert in video whit Ted Nugent Derek St. Holmes in the band. The video was released in 1984 whit the name Rock Will Never Die!. The DVD has released in the box set Walk the Stage: The Official Bootleg Box Set in 2003.
  • The keyboardist Rick Wakeman recorded one video in the venue in the 1984 tour. The video has released in the 2007 special box set Treasure Chest and re-released in 2014 as 1984 Live: Live at Hammersmith Odeon.
  • The Canadian rockers April Wine recorded a performance at the venue for the launch of a video that portray a successful tour of the 1981 Nature of the Beast album. The video was released on DVD years later under the name Live in London 1981.
  • Saxon released his live album in 1982, whit tracks of concerts in the venue.
  • The British rockers of Magnum recorded several concerts of 1988 tour of album In The Wings of Heaven. The video has released in 1989 has the name of In the Wings of Heaven Live.
  • The NWOBHM rockers Def Leppard recorded the video of Bringing of the Heartbeat on the venue.
  • Space rockers of Hawkwind recorded the concert in the venue for the release of conceptual album The Chronicles of Black Sword. The video was released in 1985. The DVD has released in 2004.
  • In 1983, Dire Straits recorded the concerts for a future release. Finished launching in 1984 the double album Alchemy and a video with the same name. The video was remastered and released on DVD and Blu-ray in 2009, in its full version.
  • The black metal band Venon released a double album in 1985 called Eine Kleine Natschmusik. One of the discs was recored in the venue. The band was banned in 1984 because they ruined the ceiling of the theater with a show of fireworks (during the track Countess Bathory). The show was recorded and released on video in 1984 with the name Seven Dates to Hell, whit opening by the young Metallica. The following year, the band recorded the concert at this venue for a television special, named Live from London. Both shows were released on DVD in the decade of 2000.
  • In 1980, Blondie performed one of their most famous shows. Robert Fripp joined them on guitar, and their live cover of "Heroes" (which was later used as a B Side) was recorded there. In addition, some more live tracks recorded were later used as bonus tracks on the 2001 rerelease of the Eat to the Beat album.
  • On 20 September 1980, Randy Rhoads performed one of his first shows, with new musical soulmate Ozzy Osbourne, on the Blizzard of Ozz Tour, they returned on 26 October.
  • In 1981, Motörhead's live album, No Sleep 'til Hammersmith, brought the Odeon to the international stage, becoming widely recognised. (However, the album wasn't recorded there.)
  • On 3 July 1981, the German electronic band Kraftwerk performed three shows at the Hammersmith Odeon as a part of their Computer World Tour to support their new album Computer World.
  • From 31 December 1981 through 3 January 1982, Black Sabbath played four shows with singer Ronnie James Dio. These performances were recorded and released as Live at Hammersmith Odeon.
  • In 1982, Iron Maiden performed a sold-out show during promotion for their The Number of the Beast album. The concert was filmed and released as Beast over Hammersmith in 2002. An abridged video version of the concert is included on disc 1 of The History of Iron Maiden – Part 1: The Early Days DVD, released in 2005.
  • In 1982, Duran Duran performed during promotion for their Rio album. The concert was filmed and released as Live at Hammersmith '82! in 2009, as a CD-DVD combo pack.
  • On 25 October 1982, Depeche Mode performed there as part of their See You Tour. The concert was filmed and parts were released as Live at Hammersmith Odeon London in 2006, as a DVD included in the remastered album, A Broken Frame.
  • In 1982, Elton John performed a series of concerts with his reunited "Classic" band, promoting his albums The Fox and Jump Up!. A concert on Christmas Eve featured a medley of Christmas carols and a rare live duet of "Don't Go Breaking My Heart" with Kiki Dee.
  • In 1982, Japan played a six-night residency from 17 November to 22 November. These were the band's final performances in the U.K. and the final night's performance was recorded and then released in 1983 on VHS and audio as Oil on Canvas.
  • In 1983, Marillion performed the final date of their tour supporting their debut album, Script for a Jester's Tear. This also marked the final performance with drummer Mick Pointer. The performance was filmed and released as Recital of the Script.
  • Recital of the Script is a live album by Marillion, recorded at a concert at the Hammersmith Odeon (as it was called then), London, on 18 April 1983. The recording was made on the final date of the tour promoting their 1983 debut album Script for a Jester's Tear. Featuring former members Fish on vocals and Mick Pointer on drums, it comprises songs from that album as well as all tracks of the 1982 debut EP Market Square Heroes and the B-side of "He Knows You Know" (1983). The side two of live disc The Thieving Magpie was recorded on 9 and 10 January 1986, as well as two tracks from Real to Reel album, released in 1984.
  • In 1983, Tears For Fears released a live video of their December concert at the venue.
  • Dire Straits filmed a 1983 live concert there, released as Alchemy: Dire Straits Live.
  • In 1983, Culture Club, with Boy George, were filmed at the height of their success. The film bears resemblance to David Bowie's Ziggy Stardust shows, which had taken place at the same venue ten years before. The 13-track concert film was released theatrically in 1984 as A Kiss Across The Ocean and on VHS later that year. It is now available on the Culture Club - Greatest Hits DVD released in 2004.
  • On 30 June 1983, David Bowie returned to perform during his Serious Moonlight Tour. This was a charity show, for the Brixton Neighbourhood Community Association, in the presence of Princess Michael of Kent.
  • On 7 September 1983, Peter Gabriel, plus some support, performed a cozy, amazing concert.
  • On 13 December 1983, Robert Plant performed a show with his band, when Jimmy Page joined him on stage for the second encore.
  • In 1984, Pink Floyd guitarist David Gilmour performed three sold-out shows at the venue on his About Face solo tour, which was documented on the concert video David Gilmour Live 1984.
  • On 1 June 1984, Venom accidentally burned Hammersmith's ceiling during a performance, which event can be clearly seen in the 7 Dates of Hell concert video (during "Countess Bathory"). As a result, Venom were banned from the Hammersmith Apollo for a year.
  • From 24 June 1984 to 30 June 1984 Status Quo played 7 sold-out shows in a row at Hammersmith on their "End of the Road" Tour.
  • On 9 September 1984, Jethro Tull performed there in support of their then-current album, Under Wraps. This performance was released as Live at Hammersmith '84.
  • In 1984, Iron Maiden performed four sold-out shows during promotion for their Powerslave album. The concerts were recorded and five songs were included in the Live After Death in 1985.
  • On 8 December 1984, The Firm performed a sold-out show at this venue.
  • On 24 June 1985 Ian Dury and the Blockheads played there, most of the performance can be found on Hold On To Your Structure
  • On 17–23 December 1985, Dire Straits sold out 7 nights from their "Brothers in Arms Live in 85" Tour.
  • On 21 September 1986, Metallica performed at the Odeon during their Master of Puppets Tour. This is one of the band's last performances with bassist Cliff Burton, who was killed in a bus crash, six days later and also featured Guitarist John Marshall as James Hetfield was recovering from a skateboard accident. This performance formed the basis for the Hammersmith Apollo's appearance in video game Guitar Hero: Metallica in 2009, complete with Master of Puppets-themed stage.
  • Between 15 and 20 December 1986, the Norwegian band a-ha held 6 concerts at the Hammersmith Odeon [14]
  • At the start of the seminal Public Enemy album, It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back, they are heard addressing the Hammersmith Odeon crowd at a concert there in 1987. Due to trouble outside the venue before and after the show Hammersmith Odeon refused to host any rap groups for several years afterwards.
  • In summer 1987, American band Bruce Hornsby and the Range performed at the Odeon.
  • On 16 November 1987, Anthrax performed at the venue. The concert was released on VHS named Oidivnikufesin.
  • On 9 June 1988, Dire Straits (and Eric Clapton on rhythm guitar) performed a second 'warm-up' show at Hammersmith leading up to the Nelson Mandela 70th Birthday Tribute which was held on 11 June 1988 at Wembley Stadium, London.

1990s[edit]

  • During the early 1990s, the venue played host to a number of stage productions, including Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat.
  • On 26 February 1991 the Norwegian band a-ha returned for one concert [15]
  • On 29–30 September 1992, Megadeth, supported by Pantera, performed two evenings in a row at Hammersmith. The second night was recorded and later released as a DVD on their box set Warchest.
  • In summer of 1992, Erasure played 8 consecutive nights at the Hammersmith Odeon on the opening of their "Phantasmagorical Entertainment Tour", just after the release of their most successful single, Abba-esque. No other artist apart from the Beatles has played such a row of nights at this venue.
  • Musical Theatre star Michael Ball has performed at the Hammersmith Apollo on six occasions—each time selling out. In 1992, He was both the last person to play the Odeon and first person to play the newly named Apollo on the same tour.[16] His concerts in December 1993 and 1994, were recorded by BBC Radio 2. He also recorded his 2003, 2007 and 2013 concerts for DVD release.
  • J J Cale played three nights in October 1994, along with Christine Lakeland, Bill Raffensperger, James Cruce, Rocky Frisco and Jimmy Karstein. excerpts from the second of the three nights were later broadcast on BBC Radio.

2000s[edit]

2010s[edit]

Led Zeppelin answering questions at a press conference for the premiere of Celebration Day at the Hammersmith Apollo in 2012
  • From 5–31 January 2010, Billy Connolly performed 20 sold out shows.
  • On 19 March 2010, British band The Stranglers recorded a live DVD entitled Live at the Apollo.
  • On 8 April 2010, the comedy film directed by David Baddiel and starring Omid Djalili, The Infidel had its premiere. The organ was played by Richard Hills as the audience arrived and in the interval. This was the first film premiere at the Apollo for over 20 years. The occasion also marked the first proper public performance for the organ since the 1980s.
  • On 14–18 July 2010, American magicians and comedians Penn & Teller performed, their first UK performance in more than 16 years.
  • Bob Dylan performed three sold out concerts, ending his 2011 Never Ending Tour with Mark Knopfler. These three dates brings to total of Dylan performances at the venue to twenty-four. He performed there six times in 1990, eight times in 1991, six times in 1993, once in 2003 and three times in 2011.
  • On 26 May 2012, Judas Priest performed the last show of their Epitaph World Tour, and it was filmed for a later DVD release.
  • On 21 December 2012, Brian Cox and Robin Ince hosted a sell-out show containing performances by scientists, comedians, actors and other apocalypse sceptics for a show to coincide with the predicted Mayan apocalypse entitled "The End of the World Show".
  • On 15–16 March 2013 the original line-up of Status Quo played two sold-out shows on their Reunion Tour, after being apart for 32 years. These concerts were released on CD.
  • On 7 September 2013, Selena Gomez opened the newly renovated theatre on her Stars Dance Tour, the only performance in the UK for the tour. The date also commissioned the venue's new name, Eventim Apollo.
  • From August to October 2014, Kate Bush will take up a 22 date residency at the Apollo. These performances will be her first live shows in nearly 35 years.
  • On 12 November 2014,the Techno-Pop Japanese girl group Perfume will have a performance from their third world tour. It will be their only performance from the tour in Europe. It will be their biggest venue in the UK since their first UK performance at the O2 Shepherds Bush Empire in 2013 for their second world tour.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "1252993 - The National Heritage List for England | English Heritage". List.english-heritage.org.uk. Retrieved 2014-02-14. 
  2. ^ "HMV sells Hammersmith Apollo for £32m". Financial Times. 2012-05-31. Retrieved 2012-09-27. 
  3. ^ "Hammersmith Apollo". Cinema Treasures. Retrieved 2012-10-14. 
  4. ^ "HMV to snap up some Zavvi stores". BBC News. 2009-01-14. Retrieved 2009-01-15. 
  5. ^ "Hammersmith Apollo in London sold by HMV to Stage C". BBC. 31 May 2012. Retrieved 31 May 2012. 
  6. ^ "Foster Wilson completes Hammersmith Apollo revamp". bdonline.co.uk. 2013. Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  7. ^ "Introducing the Eventim Apollo". Eventim Ticketnews. 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2013. 
  8. ^ "The Eventim Apollo is unveiled". Music Week. 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2013. 
  9. ^ "Your browser does not support frames. To view our web site click here: http://www.ssfweb.co.uk/hws/". Hws.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-10-14. 
  10. ^ "Youtube video of organ launch party". YouTube. 26 July 2007. Retrieved 2012-10-14. 
  11. ^ Iron Maiden 'Live After Death' - released 1985 on EMI records. Iron Maiden 'The Early Days DVD - disc one: Beast over Hammersmith released by EMI records 2004
  12. ^ "YouTube video of Elton John christmas concert". youtube.com. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  13. ^ "Whitesnake - Live... In The Heart Of The City - Blogcritics Music". Blogcritics.org. 18 August 2002. Retrieved 2012-10-14. 
  14. ^ "Tour | The Official Website of a-ha". A-ha.com. Retrieved 2012-10-14. 
  15. ^ "Tour | The Official Website of a-ha". A-ha.com. Retrieved 2012-10-14. 
  16. ^ Steve Nolan (7 September 2013). "Hammersmith Apollo opens doors after £5million refit that restored art deco designs |". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 2014-02-14. 
  17. ^ "AC/DC Live at the Carling Apollo Hammersmith 2003". Acdczone.com. 21 October 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-14. 
  18. ^ Cowen, Nick (22 October 2003). "AC/DC". 
  19. ^ "News 2009 - Delirious? Farewell 'History Makers' Tour + Final Concert Confirmed". Delirious.org.uk. 30 April 2009. Retrieved 2012-10-14.