Hammersmith North (UK Parliament constituency)

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Hammersmith North
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County 1918–1965: County of London
1965–1983: Greater London
19181983
Number of members One
Replaced by Hammersmith
Created from Hammersmith

Hammersmith North was a borough constituency in the Metropolitan Borough of Hammersmith in West London. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system.

History[edit]

The constituency was created when the Hammersmith constituency was divided for the 1918 general election. It was abolished for the 1983 general election when it was partly replaced by a new Hammersmith constituency.

In its early years the constituency regularly changed hands between Labour and the Conservatives, but it was a Labour seat from a by-election in 1934 until its abolition in 1983.

Boundaries[edit]

1918–1950[edit]

Hammersmith North 1918-50

The seat was created by the Representation of the People Act 1918, and was defined as consisting of wards Four, Five, Six and Seven of the Metropolitan Borough of Hammersmith.[1]

1950–1955[edit]

Hammersmith North 1950-55

The original boundaries were used until the 1950 general election. The wards of the metropolitan borough had been redrawn since 1918, and the seat was redefined by the Representation of the People Act 1948 as comprising six wards: College Park & Latimer, Coningham, Old Oak, Starch Green, White City and Wormholt.[1]

1955–1974[edit]

Hammersmith North 1955-74

The House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949 allowed for periodic reviews of constituency boundaries. Seats in the two metropolitan boroughs of Hammersmith and Fulham were redrawn prior to the 1955 general election. The neighbouring seat of Hammersmith South was abolished and the three wards of Addison, Olympia and St. Stephen's were transferred to the North constituency.[1]

1974–1983[edit]

The last redrawing of the boundaries of the constituency took place prior to the February 1974 election. In 1965 the former metropolitan borough had become part of the larger London Borough of Hammersmith, and the seat was defined as consisting of ten wards of the London Borough, namely: Addison, Broadway, Brook Green, College Park & Old Oak, Coningham, Grove, St. Stephen's, Starch Green, White City and Wormholt.[1]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1918 Sir Henry Foreman Coalition Conservative
1922 Conservative
1923 James Gardner Labour
1924 Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett Conservative
1926 by-election James Gardner Labour
1931 Mary Pickford Conservative
1934 by-election Fielding West Labour
1935 Denis Pritt Labour
1940 Independent Labour
1949 Labour Independent Group
1950 Frank Tomney Labour
1979 Clive Soley Labour
1983 constituency abolished : see Hammersmith

Election results[edit]

Election in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 14 December 1918: Hammersmith North

Electorate 26,656

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Henry Foreman 5,785 46.5 N/A
Liberal Ernest Young 2,542 20.4 N/A
National Party James C Walker 2,075 16.7 N/A
Labour Christopher Roland Morden 2,048 16.4 N/A
Majority 3,243 26.1 N/A
Turnout 46.7 N/A
Unionist win (new seat)

Election in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 15 November 1922: Hammersmith North

Electorate 29,904

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Henry Foreman 8,253 46.3 -0.2
Labour James Patrick Gardner 5,350 29.8 +13.4
Liberal Frederick L Coysh 4,278 23.9 +3.5
Majority 2,953 16.5 -9.6
Turnout 60.0
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 6 December 1923: Hammersmith North

Electorate 31,331

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Patrick Gardner 8,101 41.0 +11.2
Unionist Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett 7,256 36.8
Liberal Frederick L Coysh 4,374 22.2
Majority 845 4.2
Turnout 63.0
Labour gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 29 October 1924: Hammersmith North[2]

Electorate 32,194

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett 12,925 54.1
Labour James Patrick Gardner 10,970 45.9
Majority 1,955 8.2
Turnout 23,895 74.2
Unionist gain from Labour Swing
Hammersmith North by-election, 28 May 1926:[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Patrick Gardner 13,095 53.4
Unionist Samuel Gluckstein 9,484 38.6
Liberal George Paton Murfitt 1,974 8.0
Majority 3,611 14.8
Turnout 24,553 72.2
Labour gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 30 May 1929: Hammersmith North[4]

Electorate 44,789

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Patrick Gardner 17,601 56.2
Unionist Sir Marshall Hays 13,744 43.8
Majority 3,857 12.3
Turnout 31,345 70.0 -2.2
Labour hold Swing

Election in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 27 October 1931: Hammersmith North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hon. Mary Ada Pickford 18,815 59.2
Labour James Patrick Gardner 11,838 37.2
Communist Edward F. Bramley 697 2.2
New Party R. E. N. Braden 431 1.4
Majority 6,977 22.0
Turnout 45,693 69.6
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
Hammersmith North: By-election, 24 April 1934
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Fielding Reginald West 14,263 55.7
Conservative C. P. Davis 10,747 41.9
Communist Edward F. Bramley 614 2.4
Majority 3,516 13.8
Turnout 45,216 56.7
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 14 November 1935: Hammersmith North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Denis Nowel Pritt 15,464 52.8
Conservative Norman Adolph Henry Bower 13,830 47.2
Majority 1,634 5.6
Turnout 44,570 65.7
Labour hold Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 5 July 1945: Hammersmith North
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Labour Denis Nowell Pritt 18,845 63.8 n/a
Conservative Leonard Caplan 7,516 25.5
Labour W.H. Church 3,165 10.7 n/a
Majority 11,329 38.3
Turnout 40,444 73.0
Independent Labour gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 23 February 1950: Hammersmith North

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank Tomney 13,346 39.71
Conservative T Gee 10,406 30.96
Independent Labour Denis Nowell Pritt 6,457 25.16
Liberal Hyman Mark Pick 1,402 4.17
Majority 2,940 8.75
Turnout 81.05
Labour gain from Independent Labour Swing
General Election 25 October 1951: Hammersmith North

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank Tomney 22,709 66.13
Conservative John M Howard 11,629 33.87
Majority 11,080 32.27
Turnout 81.17
Labour hold Swing
General Election 26 May 1955: Hammersmith North

Electorate 56,677

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank Tomney 24,280 61.16
Conservative Andrew Bowden 15,417 38.84
Majority 8,863 22.33
Turnout 70.04
Labour hold Swing
General Election 8 October 1959: Hammersmith North

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank Tomney 21,409 59.35
Conservative David A. Bagnell 14,662 40.65
Majority 6,747 18.70
Turnout 69.80
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 15 October 1964: Hammersmith North

Electorate 46,719

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank Tomney 18,547 62.91
Conservative TCG Stacey 10,936 37.09
Majority 7,611 25,81
Turnout 63.11
Labour hold Swing
General Election 31 March 1966: Hammersmith North

Electorate 44,397

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank Tomney 19,522 68.79
Conservative Michael Jon Neubert 8,857 31.21
Majority 10,665 37.58
Turnout 63.92
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 18 June 1970: Hammersmith North

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank Tomney 16,145 62.67
Conservative Ian H. Stewart 9,615 37.33
Majority 6,530 25.35
Turnout 62.04
Labour hold Swing
General Election 28 February 1974: Hammersmith North

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank Tomney 18,970 49.45
Conservative RG Beckett 11,929 31.10
Liberal Simon Harold John Arthur Knott 7,460 19.45
Majority 7,041 18.36
Turnout 73.72
Labour hold Swing
General Election 10 October 1974: Hammersmith North

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank Tomney 18,061 53.38
Conservative RG Beckett 9,939 29.38
Liberal Simon Harold John Arthur Knott 5,200 15.37
Independent JP McFadden 633 1.87
Majority 8,122 24.01
Turnout 64.60
Labour hold Swing
General Election 3 May 1979: Hammersmith North

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Clive Stafford Soley 17,241 48.19
Conservative J Cripps 13,735 38.39
Liberal Simon Harold John Arthur Knott 4,147 11.59
National Front R Pearse 462 1.29
Workers Revolutionary C Stewart 193 0.54
Majority 3,506 9.80
Turnout 70.40
Labour hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. pp. 743–746. ISBN 0-901050-67-9. 
  2. ^ "General Election 1924 - Full Polling Results". The Times. 13 January 1924. p. i. 
  3. ^ "North Hammersmith Result. Labour Majority of 3,611". The Times. 29 May 1926. p. 12. 
  4. ^ "General Election 1929 - Results in Detail". The Times. 10 June 1929. p. i. 
  5. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939