The Hammersmith Palais de Danse, later simply the Hammersmith Palais, was a ballroom and entertainment venue in London that operated from 1919 until 2007. In 2009, the Hammersmith Palais was named by the Brecon Jazz Festival as one of twelve venues which had made the most important contributions to jazz music in the United Kingdom.
The Palais occupied a large site on the A219 at 242 Shepherd's Bush Road, London W6, near the circular system under the A4 Hammersmith flyover. The area, one of London's key communication nodes, has two London Underground stations, a bus station, and the road network at Hammersmith Broadway.
The Palais de Danse opened in 1919 in order to host ballroom dancing and various kinds of dance bands, among which were the new jazz bands. It remained a popular dance venue from its start to the 1980s, but after that played host mainly to live pop music. For a period in the 1930s, part of the Palais site was also used as an ice rink, with the original London Lions ice hockey team using it as a base. During the 1960s Joe Loss and his Orchestra, with singer Rose Brennan, were a regular feature on Saturday nights. On 21 January 2007, the Palais was condemned for demolition. The venue closed in April 2007.
The Palais had a secret: it was used to make tanks during the war. It was also used as a tram-shed for London's trams. The rails for the trams were still under the floor, along with the pipes for the ice rink. Parts of the very well sprung dance floor had removable sections where one could clearly see all the tracks and pipes. During the 1960s and 1970s, the house bands included: Joe Loss, Andy Ross (of Come Dancing fame) Ken Mackintosh, Tony Evans, and Zodiac, a band still active in 2010 with at least three original members. Many Saturday nights, in excess of 2,000 people would visit the venue. One of the features was a huge revolving stage with a band on each side (this also caused a number of accidents when microphones and stands were left on the revolve).
The Palais played host to countless artists; among them: The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, The Who, David Bowie, The Sex Pistols, The Cure, The Police, U2, The Jesus and Mary Chain, Robert Plant & The Strange Sensation, Hanoi Rocks and Kylie Minogue.
The venue was named in the The Clash song "(White Man) In Hammersmith Palais". Joe Strummer managed to get thrown out one Thursday afternoon for gaining entry without permission. It was named in the Ian Dury and the Blockheads song "Reasons to be Cheerful, Part 3". Bands such as PiL, The Cramps and Soft Cell (who played their "farewell" concerts there in January 1984) made the venue popular for London gig-goers.
From the late 1980s onward, the Palais staged a mix of live music gigs, dance nights, and private events. The venue accommodated the popular School-Disco club night, which subsequently moved to the London Forum in Kentish Town. Promoters Onyx Promotions championed Brit-Asian bands and DJs including: DCS, Heera, Juggy D, Panjabi Hit Squad, Premi, RDB, Rishi Rich and Xzecutive/San-j Sanj. The Students' Union at Imperial College School of Medicine frequently hired the Palais as a venue for student nights.
In its last years, the Palais was owned by a company called Barclub Ltd, controller of a chain of themed bars named Po Na Na. In the early 2000s, the company briefly renamed the club Po Na Na Hammersmith, but in recognition of the venue's historic reputation the original name Hammersmith Palais was reinstated. The Palais closed in April 2007, with Kasabian, Idlewild, and Jamie T among artists playing the last gigs there.
BBC television made a documentary about the venue's history titled Last Man at the Palais. Ballroom dancer Lyndon Wainwright danced the Last Waltz at the Palais to conclude the presentation. It was first screened on BBC Four on Christmas Eve 2007.
Following its closure as a music venue, proposals for the site included use as an office and restaurant complex, or a students' hall of residence. The Hammersmith and Fulham Council had been expected to rule on the proposed demolition and development in November 2009;  however, on 27 October 2009, Hammersmith and Fulham council rejected plans to turn the Hammersmith Palais site into student flats.
In July 2010, the Planning Inspectorate held a week-long public enquiry and rejected an appeal by the developers against the council's decision to block their development. The developers in this case were London & Regional (Hammersmith), who may submit an amended application.
The building was demolished in May-June 2012. A new building has since been constructed on the site, and in September 2013 reopened as a student halls of residence.
-  "Buckingham Palace hits right note with jazz fans", London Evening Standard, 3 August 2009
-  Zodiac - Band, Orchestra, Singers
-  "Last Man in Hammersmith Palais", BBC Four
- , "White man's blues", BBC News, 30 March 2007
- , "Hammersmith Palais is set to be turned into student flats", London Evening Standard, 10 September 2009
- , London Informer
- , "Hammersmith Palais demolition appeal turned down", Fulham and Hammersmith Chronicle, 6 August 2010
- , "Developer loses Palais appeal", h&f news, 27 July 2010
- , "Pure Hammersmith"