Hammerton's Ferry

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Hammerton's Ferry
BSicon BOOT.svg  London River Services
Hammerton's Ferry midriver.jpg
Locale River Thames, London, UK
Vessels 1
Length 0.12 km (0.075 mi)
Transit type Passenger ferry
Began operation 1909
No. of lines 1
No. of terminals 2
Owner Francis Spencer
Operator Stan Rust
Other operators and services
Portal icon London Transport portal

Hammerton's Ferry is a pedestrian and cycle ferry service across the River Thames in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, London, England. The ferry links the northern bank near Marble Hill House in Twickenham with the southern bank near Ham House in Ham. It is one of only four remaining ferry routes in London not to be replaced by a bridge or tunnel.

Historical background[edit]

Although ferries (and later bridges) had crossed the river to the east at Richmond since 1459[1] and to the west at Eel Pie Island since at least 1652 the lands to the south of the river at this point had historically been privately held by the Tollemache family (owners of Ham House) and off limits to the public. Consequently, despite the distance from the nearest crossings there was little demand for cross-river services at this location. Additionally, the Tollemache family had licensing rights for the Twickenham Ferry at Eel Pie Island (sometimes known as Dysart's ferry after the family), and consequently had little interest in promoting a competing service.[2] The Twickenham Ferry is a setting for some action in Little Dorritt by Charles Dickens.

Walter Hammerton[edit]

In 1901 Marble Hill House on the north bank of the Thames and the surrounding park were purchased for public use[3] and in 1902 the footpath on the southern bank near Ham House became a public right of way by Act of Parliament[4] resulting in increased passenger traffic in the area. In 1908 local resident Walter Hammerton began hiring out boats to leisure users from a boathouse opposite Marble Hill House, and in 1909 began to operate a regular ferry service across the river at this point using a 12-passenger clinker-built skiff,[5] charging 1d per journey.[6]

Legal challenge[edit]

In 1913 William Champion, and Lord Dysart, operators of the nearby Twickenham Ferry, took legal action against Hammerton to remove his right to operate the ferry.[7] Although Hammerton won the initial case, the judgement was reversed on appeal. Following considerable public interest in the case, a public subscription raised the funds for Hammerton to take the case to the House of Lords, who ruled in his favour on 23 July 1915.[6]

The legal case resulted in considerable publicity for Hammerton, culminating in the release of the song "The Ferry to Fairyland" celebrating the case. ("Fairyland", in this case, referring to Marble Hill House, recently purchased by the London County Council for public enjoyment.)[6]

In 1947 Hammerton retired after 38 years of operating the ferry, leaving the ferry and boathouse to Sandy Scott.[6]

Passengers boarding from the north bank
The jetty on the south bank.

Current operation[edit]

The ferry is currently owned by Francis Spencer[8] and operated by Stan Rust.[9] The current ferry, Peace of Mind, was designed and built by Thanetcraft Limited in South Wales in 1997.[10] Hammerton's original skiff is now on display at the Museum in Docklands.[5]

The ferry currently operates between a floating boathouse on the north bank of the Thames and a rudimentary jetty on the south bank. The boathouse is also in use as a private mooring for leisure craft.[11] The ferry operates on all weekends, and weekdays between February and October.[12] As well as the ferry service, rowboats, canoes and motorboats can also be hired from the boathouse.[13]

In July 2007 the ferry briefly made headlines when owner Francis Spencer saved from drowning a woman found floating in the Thames.[8][14] After the rescue, the woman left the scene and was never identified.[8]

A local tradition holds that a tunnel connects Ham House and Marble Hill House, paralleling the route of the ferry.[15] However, there is no evidence that this is the case.

The ferry marks the starting point of the Great River Race and is on the course of the Twickenham Regatta. As the ferry has right-of-way over rowed craft, the races have to be carefully timed to ensure that the ferry does not interfere with their running.[16]

See also[edit]

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reynolds, Susan (1962). "Twickenham: Introduction". A History of the County of Middlesex 3: 139–147. Retrieved 2007-12-30. 
  2. ^ "Twickenham Ferry". The Twickenham Museum. Retrieved 2007-12-30. 
  3. ^ Tolhurst, Marilyn (1998). "Marble Hill House: Information for Teachers". English Heritage. Retrieved 2007-12-30. 
  4. ^ Slater, G (1907). The English Peasantry and the Enclosure of Common Fields. London: Constable & Co. p. 337. ISBN 1-4212-1082-7. 
  5. ^ a b "Museum in Docklands: Vessels". Museum of London. Archived from the original on 2007-12-13. Retrieved 2007-12-30. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Walter Hammerton's Ferry". The Twickenham Museum. Retrieved 2007-12-30. 
  7. ^ "Hammerton's Ferry, Ham". Old Father Thames. Retrieved 2007-12-30. 
  8. ^ a b c Blades, Hollye (2007-07-18). "Hero of Thames Rescue". Richmond & Twickenham Times. 
  9. ^ Mayes, Robert (2003-02-07). "River Recluse's Home is an Eyesore Say Neighbours". Richmond & Twickenham Times. 
  10. ^ Hatts, Leigh (2005). The Thames Path:From the Sea to the Source. Milnthorpe: Cicerone Press Ltd. ISBN 1-85284-436-1. 
  11. ^ "Marinas, Moorings, Boatyards, Consultants, Equipment Suppliers & Services". The Yacht Harbour Association Ltd. Retrieved 2007-12-30. 
  12. ^ Hoggart, Simon (2001-08-18). "Suburban Hymn". The Guardian. 
  13. ^ "Interim Report of the Centre Working Party". Appendix 7: River-related Users of the Eel Pie Centre. Twickenham Riverside Redevelopment. 2000-04-13. Retrieved 2007-12-30. 
  14. ^ Newstead, Sarah (2007-07-05). "Drowning Lady Pulled from River". Richmond & Twickenham Times. 
  15. ^ Day, Martyn (2005). "55 Fascinating & Half-forgotten Facts & Folklore You Might Not Know About Our Neighbourhood". North St Margaret's Residents Association. Retrieved 2007-12-30. [dead link]
  16. ^ "Twickenham Regatta Safety Instructions". Twickenham Rowing Club. 2007-05-26. Retrieved 2007-12-30. 


Coordinates: 51°26′48″N 0°18′50″W / 51.446652°N 0.314012°W / 51.446652; -0.314012