Hampden, Maine

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Hampden, Maine
Town
Hampden Narrows on the Penobscot River
Hampden Narrows on the Penobscot River
Motto: "The Community of Choice in Central Maine" [1]
Hampden, Maine is located in Maine
Hampden, Maine
Hampden, Maine
Location within the state of Maine
Coordinates: 44°45′11″N 68°49′42″W / 44.75306°N 68.82833°W / 44.75306; -68.82833
Country United States
State Maine
County Penobscot
Settled 1767
Incorporated 1794
Government
 • Type Council/Mayor/Manager
 • Mayor Janet M. Hughes
 • Manager Susan M. Lessard
Area[2]
 • Total 38.84 sq mi (100.60 km2)
 • Land 37.94 sq mi (98.26 km2)
 • Water 0.90 sq mi (2.33 km2)
Elevation 108 ft (33 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 7,257
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 7,271
 • Density 191.3/sq mi (73.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 04444
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-30795
GNIS feature ID 0567550
Website www.hampdenmaine.gov

Hampden is a town on the Penobscot River estuary in Penobscot County, Maine, United States.[5] The population was 7,257 at the 2010 census.[6] Hampden is part of the Bangor metropolitan statistical area.

History[edit]

The town was originally called Wheelersborough after its original settler, Benjamin Wheeler. It was incorporated on February 24, 1794, and named after the English patriot John Hampden.[7]

During the War of 1812, on September 3, 1814, about 400 local militia under the command of Brigadier General John Blake of nearby Brewer attempted to hold off a superior force of British regulars at Hampden. The American line, however, collapsed before a charge and was quickly routed. The Americans suffered one casualty with eleven wounded, and the British lost two (one an officer). A civilian spectator was also killed. The British fleet, which under command of Sir John Coape Sherbrooke (then lieutenant governor of Nova Scotia) had recently captured Castine, looted Hampden and nearby Bangor. They were trying to capture the USS Adams, a frigate with 750 men which had fled up the Penobscot River and anchored at Hampden. The crew of the Adams, under Captain Charles Morris, burned the ship to prevent its capture and subsequently escaped overland.[8]

General Blake and two other officers, Lieutenant-Colonel Andrew Grant of Hampden and Major Joshua Chamberlain of Brewer (grandfather of Civil War general Joshua L. Chamberlain), were court-martialed in Bangor in 1816 for their part in the defeat. Blake and Chamberlain were both exonerated, but Grant was cashiered.[9]

Main article: Battle of Hampden

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 38.84 square miles (100.60 km2), of which, 37.94 square miles (98.26 km2) of it is land and 0.90 square miles (2.33 km2) is water.[2] It is drained by the Souadabscook Stream and Penobscot River.

Hampden is crossed by Interstate 95, U.S. Route 1A and U.S. Route 202, as well as Maine State Route 9 and Maine State Route 69. It is bordered by the towns of Winterport to the south, Newburgh to the west, Hermon to the north, Bangor to the northeast, and (separated by the Penobscot River) Brewer to the northeast and Orrington to the east.

Climate[edit]

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Hampden has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[10]

Climate data for Hampden, Maine
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −3
(27)
−1
(30)
4
(39)
11
(52)
18
(64)
23
(73)
26
(78)
25
(77)
21
(69)
14
(57)
7
(45)
0
(32)
12.1
(53.6)
Average low °C (°F) −13
(8)
−12
(10)
−6
(21)
1
(33)
6
(43)
12
(53)
14
(58)
14
(57)
9
(48)
3
(38)
−1
(30)
−9
(15)
1.5
(34.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 79
(3.1)
71
(2.8)
84
(3.3)
86
(3.4)
84
(3.3)
84
(3.3)
86
(3.4)
79
(3.1)
94
(3.7)
99
(3.9)
112
(4.4)
97
(3.8)
1,055
(41.5)
Source: Weatherbase [11]

Demographics[edit]

See also: Hampden (CDP), Maine

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 7,257 people, 2,862 households, and 2,053 families residing in the town. The population density was 191.3 inhabitants per square mile (73.9 /km2). There were 3,030 housing units at an average density of 79.9 per square mile (30.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.8% White, 0.5% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population.

There were 2,862 households of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.3% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the town was 40.8 years. 24.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.1% were from 25 to 44; 30.9% were from 45 to 64; and 13% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.6% male and 50.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 6,327 people, 2,433 households, and 1,802 families residing in the town. The population density was 166.1 people per square mile (64.2/km²). There were 2,545 housing units at an average density of 66.8 per square mile (25.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.91% White, 0.40% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.17% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.51% of the population.

There were 2,433 households out of which 37.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.9% were non-families. 20.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the town the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 26.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $53,377, and the median income for a family was $61,321. Males had a median income of $45,775 versus $29,183 for females. The per capita income for the town was $26,498. About 3.0% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over.

Site of interest[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Sterns' sawmill c. 1908

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Town of Hampden, Maine". Town of Hampden, Maine. Retrieved August 26, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  5. ^ DeLorme Mapping Company The Maine Atlas and Gazetteer (13th edition) (1988) ISBN 0-89933-035-5 map 23
  6. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Hampden town, Penobscot County, Maine". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 19, 2012. 
  7. ^ Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 148–150. 
  8. ^ Varney, George J. (1886), Gazetteer of the state of Maine. Hampden, Boston: Russell 
  9. ^ http://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/me/penobscot/hampden/revolution/battle/sj2p185.txt
  10. ^ Climate Summary for Hampden, Maine
  11. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on October 20, 2013.
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ "Medal of Honor recipients". United States Army. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°44′40″N 68°50′15″W / 44.74444°N 68.83750°W / 44.74444; -68.83750