1957 Scottish League Cup Final
|Event||1957–58 Scottish League Cup|
|Date||19 October 1957|
|Venue||Hampden Park, Glasgow|
The 1957 Scottish League Cup Final was a football match played on 19 October 1957 at Hampden Park, in which Celtic beat rivals Rangers in a record 7–1 victory. The final was nicknamed Hampden in the Sun, a phrase first coined by Celtic supporters as the title of a terrace song. It has since been used in other songs, poems and a book.
Celtic entered the final as holders, having beaten Partick Thistle after a replay in the previous year's Final. Rangers were the reigning league champions. The match was the 12th League Cup Final, and the first contested by the Old Firm. It was held at a sunny Hampden Park in Glasgow, at 3.45pm on the afternoon of 19 October 1957.
Celtic attacked from the start, with shots hitting the post twice in the first twenty minutes. The first goal was scored by Sammy Wilson, from a Charlie Tully cross on in the 22nd minute. Rangers defended for the remainder of the first half, however in the 44th minute Neil Mochan scored a solo goal after a run down the left wing. Within eight minutes of the restart Billy McPhail scored Celtic's third goal with a header from a Bobby Collins cross. Rangers narrowed the margin five minutes later, a goal by Simpson, however it only served to reinvigorate the Celtic attack as McPhail, then Mochan scored their second goals.
In the 80th minute, McPhail claimed his third, a hat-trick of goals all scored with his head. As the game drew to a close violence flared in among the fans, but in the final minute McPhail was fouled in the Rangers' penalty area. He declined the opportunity to score a fourth goal, a feat never achieved by a player in an Old Firm match, instead Willie Fernie took the kick. In addition to the seven goals, Celtic hit the woodwork four times. They were permitted to keep their jerseys as a souvenir of the day.
Much of the blame for the poor defensive display by Rangers was attributed to centre back John Valentine, who had signed from Queen's Park earlier that season. Bobby Collins told The Sunday Post "I don’t know if Valentine had no faith in George Niven or Niven had no faith in Valentine, but ultimately they had no faith in themselves, something you can sense very quickly on a football field, and inevitably the game became a rout."
The victory, reported in The Times as "a wonderful exhibition of football", and as an "October Revolution" by The Sunday Post, was comprehensive. The scoreline remains a record in any major British football final, the record margin of victory in an Old Firm game, and Rangers' record defeat.
Match details 
|19 October 1957
||Celtic||7 – 1||Rangers||Hampden Park, Glasgow
Referee: J.A. Mowatt
Mochan 44', 75'
McPhail 53', 67', 80'
Fernie 90' (pen.)
In song 
In the summer of 1957, the motion picture Island in the Sun was released in Europe, featuring a title song by Harry Belafonte. The song peaked at in the UK singles chart in June and went on to become the 5th biggest selling single that year Celtic fans composed alternative lyrics to the tune, and began to sing Hampden in the Sun at football matches to celebrate the victory. The song has since been recorded by artists such as Freedom's sons and regularly features on albums of Celtic football songs. The phrase itself has become synonymous with the match, and has since been used in other songs and poems, and is the title of a book about the 1957 final and the iconic status it achieved among the Celtic support.
|Hampden in the Sun|
Oh Hampden in the sun, Celtic 7 Rangers 1,
Notes and references 
- Headers harmed my brain, says footballer, The Independent, 16 April 1998
- Hampden in the Sun, The North American Federation of Celtic Supporters Clubs, Retrieved 22 June 2007
- Alford, Mark. So Farewell Billy McPail, The Independent, 12 April 2003
- Rej, Arindam . Veterans battle to prove brain damage link, The Guardian, 23 December 2004
- Celtic Over All by Charlie and the Bhoys
- Hoops bid farewell to hat-trick legend Billy, News of the World, April 6, 2003
- Burns, Peter & Woods, Pat (1998). Oh, Hampden in the Sun, Mainstream Publishing, ISBN 1-85158-911-2
- Just one word for Celtic - Magnificent, The Sunday Post, 20 October 1957
- Glasgow Rangers Outplayed, The Times, 21 October 1957
- Records and Honours Rangers.co.uk, retrieved 24 June 2007
- Chart Archive: 1950s singles, everyHit.com, retrieved 23 July 2007
- Licensing Catalogue, Cherry Red Records, Retrieved 23 June 2007
- "One of the well-known nicknames of Celtic fans, ‘Tims’, is derived from a 1920s Catholic street gang group in the Calton district in Glasgow... [called the] 'Timalloys' or 'Tim Malloys'." According to Hiroki Ogasawara, in Performing Sectarianism: Terror, Spectacle and Urban Myth in Glasgow Football Cultures, ISBN 1-904158-44-7
- 'Teazy Weazy' was the nickname given to Billy McPhail.
- Parkhead is the area of Glasgow where Celtic Park is located.
See also