Hampson Archeological Museum State Park

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Hampson Archeological Museum State Park
Arkansas state park
Wilson AR Hampson Museum State Park 58 sign and museum.jpg
Hampson Museum, 2010
Named for: James K. Hampson
Country United States
State Arkansas
Regions Arkansas Delta
County Mississippi
City Wilson
Location Park Office [1]
 - coordinates 35°34′13″N 90°2′25″W / 35.57028°N 90.04028°W / 35.57028; -90.04028Coordinates: 35°34′13″N 90°2′25″W / 35.57028°N 90.04028°W / 35.57028; -90.04028
Area 5 acres (2 ha) [2]
Dedicated 1961 [2]
Managed by Arkansas Department of Parks and Tourism
Former name Hampson Museum State Park
Locator Red.svg
Location of Hampson Archeological Museum State Park in Arkansas
Location of Hampson Archeological Museum State Park in Arkansas
Website : Hampson Archeological Museum State Park

Hampson Archeological Museum State Park is a 5-acre (2.0 ha) Arkansas state park in Mississippi County, Arkansas in the United States. The museum contains a collection of archeological artifacts from the Nodena Site, which is a former Native American village on the Mississippi River between 1400 to 1650.[1][3] James K. Hampson began excavating the site in the 1920s, a museum was built in 1946 and the Arkansas General Assembly officially accepted the collection of artifacts from the Hampson family on March 30, 1957.[2] The park first opened in 1961 as Hampson Museum State Park and has since been renamed.

Around 1400-1650 CE an aboriginal palisaded village existed in the Nodena area on a meander bend of the Mississippi River. Artifacts from this site are on display in the Hampson Museum State Park.[4][5]

The museum is named after Dr. James K. Hampson, a local landowner and archaeologist.[6]

Nodena village 1400-1650 CE[edit]

A human head effigy pot on display at the Hampson Museum
Main article: Nodena Site

About 5 mi (8 km) east of Wilson, at the Nodena Site, archeological artifacts from an aboriginal village of the Nodena people dated 1400-1650 CE were found in the first half of the 20th century.

A collection of these artifacts is on display at the Hampson Museum State Park.[4][5] The museum documents the culture of the civilization of the Nodena people, who lived in a 15-acre (6.1 ha) palisaded village on a horseshoe bend of the Mississippi River in the Wilson, Arkansas area. Cultivation of crops, hunting, social life, religion and politics of that ancient civilization are topics of the exhibition.[4][5]

In 1964 the Nodena Site was declared a National Historic Landmark.[7] In 1966 it was added to the National Register of Historic Places.[8]

The Parkin Indian Mound is the site of another Indian village contemporary with the Nodena people, located in Parkin, Arkansas, about 30 mi (50 km) southwest of Wilson.

Dr. James K. Hampson[edit]

Main article: Dr. James K. Hampson

The museum is named after Dr. James K. Hampson (1877-1956), owner of the Hampson Plantation on which the Nodena Site is located, and archaeologist to excavate and preserve the artifacts from the Nodena Site.[5][6]

In 1900 Dr. James K. Hampson documented the discovery of a prehistoric mastodon skeleton 2 mi (3.2 km) south of the Nodena site.[9]

Prehistoric Mastodon skeleton[edit]

Main article: Island 35 Mastodon

Mastodons are members of the prehistoric, extinct genus Mammut, they resemble modern elephants. Native to North America they are said to have lived on the North American continent from almost 4 million years ago until their eventual disappearance about 10,000 years ago.[10]

In 1900, archaeologist Dr. James K. Hampson documented the find of skeletal remains of a mastodon on Island No. 35 of the Mississippi River, 2 mi (3.2 km) south of the Nodena site and 23 mi (37 km) south of Blytheville, Arkansas.[9]

In 1957 the site was reported as destroyed.[9] Fossilized bones from the find are on display at the Hampson Museum State Park.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Hampson Archeological Museum State Park". Arkansas State Parks Guide, 2011. Arkansas Department of Parks and Tourism. p. 32. Retrieved March 20, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Mowdy, Marlon (October 5, 2010). "Hampson Archeological Museum State Park". The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. The Butler Center. Retrieved March 20, 2012. 
  3. ^ Nodena, Arkansas: USGS Geographic Names Information System
  4. ^ a b c http://visionmena.com/Arkansas%20State%20Parks/hampson_museum.htm Visiomania.com, Hampson Museum
  5. ^ a b c d http://www.arkansasstateparks.com/hampsonmuseum/ ArkansasStateParks.com, Hampson Museum
  6. ^ a b Williams, Steven (Apr 1957). James Kelly Hampson. 1877-1956. American Antiquity, Vol. 22, No. 4, pp. 398-400. 
  7. ^ "Nodena Site". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2007-09-26. 
  8. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  9. ^ a b c Williams, Steven (Apr 1957). "The Island 35 Mastodon: Its Bearing on the Age of Archaic Cultures in the East". American Antiquity 22 (4): 359–372. doi:10.2307/276134. 
  10. ^ "Greek mastodon find 'spectacular'". BBC News. 24 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-24. 

External links[edit]