Hampstead (UK Parliament constituency)

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Hampstead
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County County of London
18851983
Number of members One
Replaced by Hampstead & Highgate
Created from Middlesex

Hampstead was a borough constituency, centered on the Hampstead area of North London. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, who was elected using the first-past-the-post voting system.

It was created for the 1885 general election,[1] and abolished for the 1983 general election, when it was partly replaced by the new Hampstead and Highgate constituency.

Hampstead in the Metropolitan area, showing boundaries used from 1885 to 1918.
Hampstead in the Parliamentary County of London, showing boundaries used from 1918 to 1950.
Hampstead in the Parliamentary County of London, showing boundaries used from 1950 to 1974.

Boundaries[edit]

The parliamentary borough of Hampstead was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, and consisted of the civil parish of St John, Hampstead, Middlesex.[2] The parish had previously formed part of the Parliamentary County of Middlesex.[3] Hampstead lay within the area of the Metropolitan Board of Works, and in 1889 this became the County of London. In 1900 the county was divided into twenty-eight metropolitan boroughs, with the civil parish becoming the Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead.[3]

Parliamentary constituencies were redrawn under the Representation of the People Act 1918, with boundaries in London realigned to those of the metropolitan boroughs. Accordingly the Hampstead constituency was defined by the legislation as being identical in area to the metropolitan borough of the same name.[3][4] When the next redistribution was carried out under the Representation of the People Act 1948 the term "parliamentary borough" was replaced with "borough constituency". The renamed Hampstead Borough Constituency continued with the same boundaries, with the changes coming into effect for the 1950 general election.[5]

In 1965 both the County of London and the metropolitan boroughs were abolished. Hampstead became part of the larger London Borough of Camden.[3] The changes were not reflected in parliamentary boundaries until 1970. The constituency was officially renamed "Camden, Hampstead Borough Constituency" and was defined as comprising seven wards of the London Borough, namely Adelaide, Belsize, Hampstead Central, Hampstead Town, Kilburn, Priory and West End.[6] The wards of the borough were altered in 1973, with Swiss Cottage Ward replacing Hampstead Central in the constituency's definition.[3] These boundaries were used until 1983 when the seat was abolished.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election[7] Member Party
1885 Sir Henry Holland Conservative
1888 by-election Edward Hoare Conservative
1902 by-election Thomas Milvain Conservative
1905 by-election John Fletcher Conservative
1918 George Balfour Coalition Conservative
1922 Conservative
1941 by-election Charles Challen Conservative
1950 Henry Brooke Conservative
1966 Ben Whitaker Labour
1970 Geoffrey Finsberg Conservative
1983 constituency abolished: see Hampstead & Highgate

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 8 October 1959:

constituency of Hampstead
Composed of the Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead
Electorate 69,438, Turnout 68.8%,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Brooke 25,506 53.4 -2.5
Labour David Thomas Pitt 13,500 28.3 -3.5
Liberal Harry C Seigal 8,759 18.3 +6.0
Majority 12,006 25.1 +1.0
Turnout
Conservative hold
General Election 26 May 1955:

constituency of Hampstead
Composed of the Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead
Electorate 72,423, Turnout 69.7%,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Brooke 28,226 55.9 +0.8
Labour Arthur Richardson 16,040 31.8 -2.0
Liberal Harry C Seigal 6,222 12.3 +1.2
Majority 12,186 24.1 +2.8
Turnout
Conservative hold
General Election 25 October 1951:

constituency of Hampstead
Composed of the Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead
Electorate 72,946, Turnout 78.0%,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Brooke 31,346 55.1 +2.8
Labour Arthur Richardson 19,240 33.8 +3.5
Liberal W S Watson 6,320 11.1 -3.5
Majority 12,106 21.3 -0.7
Turnout
Conservative hold
General Election 23 February 1950:

constituency of Hampstead
Composed of the Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead
Electorate 71,119, Turnout 80.5%,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Brooke 29,949 52.3 +0.5
Labour William F Hawkins 17,373 30.3 -21.5
Liberal Wilfred S Watson 8,336 14.6 N/A
Communist R Gore 1,603 2.8 N/A
Majority 12,576 22.0 +16.4
Turnout
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 5 to 19 July 1945:

constituency of Hampstead
Composed of the Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead
Electorate 55,446, Turnout 68.4%,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Challen 19,652 51.8 -15.6
Labour William James Field 18,294 48.2 N/A
Majority 1,358 3.6 -39.6
Turnout 37,946 68.4 +51.1
Conservative hold
Hampstead by-election, 1941
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Challen 7,630 67.4 -5.8
National Independent Noel Pemberton Billing 2,734 24.1 N/A
Independent Progressive William Reginald Hipwell 636 5.6 N/A
Independent Arthur L. Dolland 326 2.9 N/A
Majority 4,896 43.3 N/A
Turnout 65,511 17.3 -41.7
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 14 November 1935:

constituency of Hampstead
Composed of the Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead
Electorate 65,575 Turnout 59.0%,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Balfour 28,334 73.2 -13.9
Labour Harry Smith 6,987 18.0 +5.1
Liberal John L. Young 3,396 8.8 N/A
Majority 21,347 55.1 -19.1
Turnout 38,717 59.0 -18.8
General Election 27 October 1931:

Parliamentary Borough of Hampstead
Composed of the Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead
Electorate 54,527 Turnout 77.8%,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Balfour 36,928 87.1
Labour Harry Smith 5,475 12.9
Majority 31,453 74.2
Turnout 42,403 77.8

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 30 May 1929:

Electorate 63,861

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist George Balfour 23,370 58.3 -20.8
Labour F. E. Dawkins 8,473 21.1 +0.2
Liberal M. Leon Freedman 8,273 20.6 N/A
Majority 14,897 37.1 -21.1
Turnout 40,116 62.8 -4.4
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 29 October 1924:

Electorate 40,309

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist George Balfour 21,432 79.1 +20.5
Labour T Hendin 5,662 20.9 N/A
Majority 15,770 58.2 +41.0
Turnout 27,094 67.2 +9.2
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 6 December 1923:

Electorate 39,710

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist George Balfour 13,513 58.6 -1.1
Liberal L S Fletcher 9,538 41.4 +23.9
Majority 3,975 17.2 -19.7
Turnout 23,051 58.0 -5.1
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 15 November 1922:

Electorate 38,871

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist George Balfour 14,596 59.7
National Liberal Albert Clavering 5,582 22.9
Liberal L S Fletcher 4,282 17.5
Majority 9,014 36.9
Turnout 24,460 63.1
Unionist hold Swing

Election in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 14 December 1918:

Parliamentary Borough of Hampstead
Composed of the Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead
Electorate 32,544, Turnout 58.1%,

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Balfour 13,393 70.8
Labour Benjamin Skene MacKay 3,646 19.3
National Party John Harris Wrentmore 1,881 9.9
Majority 9,747 51.5
Turnout 40,116 58.1
Conservative hold
December 1910 General Election: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Samuel Fletcher 5,605 64.2 3.0
Liberal Samuel Lammas Dore 3,129 35.8 -3.0
Majority 2,476
Turnout 12,050 72.5
Conservative hold Swing
January 1910 General Election: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Samuel Fletcher 6,228 61.2 8.7
Liberal Frank George Howard 3,949 38.8 -8.7
Majority 2,279
Turnout 12,050 84.5
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

1906 General Election: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Samuel Fletcher 4,934 52.5 -0.1
Liberal G.F. Rowe 4,461 47.5 0.1
Majority 473
Turnout 11,467 81.9
Conservative hold Swing
Hampstead by-election, 1905
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Samuel Fletcher 4,228 52.6 -11.9
Liberal G.F. Rowe 3,803 47.4 11.9
Majority 425
Turnout 11,301 71.1
Conservative hold Swing
Hampstead by-election, 1902
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Thomas Milvain 3,843 64.5
Liberal G.F. Rowe 2,118 35.5
Majority 1,725
Turnout 10,280 58.0
Conservative hold Swing
1900 General Election: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Brodie Hoare unopposed
Turnout 9,837
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

1895 General Election: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Brodie Hoare unopposed
Turnout 8,937
Conservative hold Swing
1892 General Election: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Brodie Hoare 3,848 63.2
Liberal John Castleman Swinburne-Hanham 2,239 36.8
Majority 1,609
Turnout 8,272 73.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Hampstead by-election, 1888
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Brodie Hoare unopposed
Turnout 6,995
Conservative hold Swing
Hampstead by-election, 1886
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt. Hon. Sir Henry Thurstan Holland, Bt. unopposed
Conservative hold Swing
1886 General Election: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt. Hon. Sir Henry Thurstan Holland, Bt. 2,707 74.1 15.1
Liberal William Ramsay Scott 945 25.9 -14.5
Majority 1762
Turnout 5,981 61.1
Conservative hold Swing
1885 General Election: Hampstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt. Hon. Sir Henry Thurstan Holland, Bt. 2,785 59.0
Liberal Rt. Hon. Marquess of Lorne 1,910 40.4
Social Democratic Federation John E. Williams 27 0.6
Majority 875
Turnout 5,981 79.0
Conservative gain from new seat Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ C R Elrington (Editor), T F T Baker, Diane K Bolton, Patricia E C Croot (1989). "Hampstead: Local Government". A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9: Hampstead, Paddington. pp. 130–138. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  2. ^ Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. Fourth Schedule: New Boroughs
  3. ^ a b c d e Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. pp. 305, 742–745. ISBN 0901050679. 
  4. ^ Representation of the People Act 1918. Ninth Schedule: Redistribution of Seats
  5. ^ Representation of the People Act 1948, First Schedule: Parliamentary Constituencies
  6. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970 (S.I. 1970/1674)
  7. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]