Hampstead Garden Suburb

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"Hampstead Garden" redirects here. For the area of Adelaide, see Hampstead Gardens, South Australia.
Hampstead Garden Suburb
Litchfield Way, Hampstead Garden Suburb.jpg
Hampstead Garden Suburb is located in Greater London
Hampstead Garden Suburb
Hampstead Garden Suburb
 Hampstead Garden Suburb shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ265885
London borough Barnet
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district N2
Postcode district NW11
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Finchley & Golders Green
Hendon
London Assembly Barnet and Camden
List of places
UK
England
London

Coordinates: 51°34′59″N 0°11′06″W / 51.583°N 0.185°W / 51.583; -0.185

Hampstead Garden Suburb is a suburb, north of Hampstead, west of Highgate and east of Golders Green. It is an example of early twentieth-century domestic architecture and town planning located in the London Borough of Barnet in northwest London. The master plan was prepared by Barry Parker and Sir Raymond Unwin.

Despite the founders' original intentions, Hampstead Garden Suburb is now considered to be one of the wealthiest areas in the country.[1]

History[edit]

Hampstead Garden Suburb was founded by Henrietta Barnett, who, with her husband Samuel, had started the Whitechapel Art Gallery and Toynbee Hall. In 1906, Barnett set up the Hampstead Garden Suburb Trust Ltd, which purchased 243 acres of land from Eton College for the scheme and appointed Raymond Unwin as its architect.[2]

Among the scheme's aims were the following:

  • It should cater for all classes of people and all income groups
  • There should be a low housing density
  • Roads should be wide and tree-lined
  • Houses should be separated by hedges, not walls
  • Woods and public gardens should be free to all
  • It should be quiet, with no church bells

This required a private bill before Parliament, as it was counter to local bylaws. The provisions of the new act allowed less land to be taken up by roads and more by gardens and open spaces.[2]

The ideas for the "Garden Suburb" were clearly based on the ideas and experience of Parker and Unwin in the planning and development of Letchworth Garden City, the first development of its kind, inspired by the work of Ebenezer Howard. Other consultant architects involved with the Hampstead development include George Lister Sutcliffe and John Soutar.

However, with no industry, no public houses and few shops or services, the suburb, unlike the garden cities, made no attempt to be self-contained.[2] In the 1930s the "Suburb" (as it is known by locals) expanded to the north of the A1. While more characterful than most other suburban housing, some of the housing to the north is considered, overall, of less architectural value.

On Central Square, laid out by Sir Edwin Lutyens, there are two large churches, St. Jude's Church and The Free Church, as well as a Quaker Meeting House. There are two mixed state primary schools in the Suburb, Garden Suburb and Brookland. There is also a state girls' grammar school, Henrietta Barnett School. The school used to house The Institute, an adult education centre, but most of The Institute has now moved to accommodation in East Finchley, opposite the tube station, with the opening of a new purpose-built arts centre.

Shops and other services are provided in the shopping parades of Market Place and Temple Fortune, with Golders Green and East Finchley within walking distance for those who live at either end.

Little Wood contains an open air arena, which is used for summer theatrical performances by a local amateur theatre society.

Despite the founders' intentions, the steep increases in house prices across London combined with the continual expansion of the Greater London area and the very small proportion of housing association housing means that Hampstead Garden Suburb is now considered to be one of the wealthiest areas in the country.[1]

Hampstead Garden Suburb Trust[edit]

Freehold houses, flats and commercial premises within the Suburb are subject to a scheme of management approved pursuant to the Leasehold Reform Act 1967 by an Order of the Chancery Division of the High Court, dated 17 January 1974, as amended by a further Order dated 17 February 1983.

The HGS Trust whose aim is to protect the character and amenity of the Suburb[3] operates the scheme from an office in Finchley Road. Freeholders are required to get the prior approval of the Trust before altering the external appearance of their properties. Consent is also required for significant changes to gardens, erection of garden sheds and felling or pruning of trees.[4] The Trust is also the freeholder of the majority of the remaining leasehold property in the Suburb which are mostly held on very long leases.

Geography[edit]

Parks and nature reserves[edit]

The Suburb has large areas of open space, including Hampstead Heath Extension; Big Wood and Little Wood and the private Turner's Wood. The southern end is close to Golders Hill Park.

Notable residents[edit]

Present[edit]

Past[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b [1][dead link]
  2. ^ a b c Gayler, Hih J. (1996). Geographical excursions in London. University Press of America,. p. 176. ISBN 0-7618-0328-9. Retrieved 24 August 2011. 
  3. ^ "Hampstead Garden Suburb Trust". Hgstrust.org. 
  4. ^ "Hampstead Garden Suburb Trust". Hgstrust.org. 6 January 2012. 
  5. ^ Ward, Victoria (31 January 2013). "Lord Justice Leveson and Richard Madeley fight planning application for underground pool". Telegraph. 
  6. ^ "Heather Mills flips her Bishops Avenue appt". Real Estate Talker. Retrieved 25 September 2009. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Hampstead Garden Suburb at Wikimedia Commons