Hamraia

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Hamraia
ﺮاﻳﺔﺣ
Commune and town
Location of Hamraia commune within El Oued Province
Location of Hamraia commune within El Oued Province
Hamraia is located in Algeria
Hamraia
Hamraia
Location of Hamraia within Algeria
Coordinates: 34°6′39″N 6°13′50″E / 34.11083°N 6.23056°E / 34.11083; 6.23056Coordinates: 34°6′39″N 6°13′50″E / 34.11083°N 6.23056°E / 34.11083; 6.23056
Country  Algeria
Province El Oued Province
District Reguiba District
Elevation -20 m (−70 ft)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 5,172
Time zone CET (UTC+1)

Hamraia (Arabic: ﺮاﻳﺔﺣ‎) is a town and commune in Reguiba District, El Oued Province, Algeria. According to the 2008 census it has a population of 5,172,[1] up from 3,938 in 1998,[2] with an annual growth rate of 2.8%.[1]

Geography[edit]

Hamraia is near Chott Melrhir, a large endorheic salt lake that lies to the north of the town. The lake and its surrounds, including the town of Hamraia, lie below sea level. Another salt lake, Chott Felrhir, lies to the southwest of Hamraia.

Climate[edit]

Hamraia has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), with very hot summers and mild winters, and very little precipitation throughout the year.

Climate data for Hamraia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 17.2
(63)
19.4
(66.9)
23.5
(74.3)
27.9
(82.2)
33.1
(91.6)
37.8
(100)
41.1
(106)
40.3
(104.5)
35.3
(95.5)
29.0
(84.2)
22.2
(72)
17.7
(63.9)
28.71
(83.68)
Daily mean °C (°F) 11.3
(52.3)
13.4
(56.1)
16.8
(62.2)
20.8
(69.4)
25.8
(78.4)
30.7
(87.3)
33.5
(92.3)
33.0
(91.4)
28.8
(83.8)
22.7
(72.9)
16.4
(61.5)
12.1
(53.8)
22.11
(71.78)
Average low °C (°F) 5.4
(41.7)
7.4
(45.3)
10.2
(50.4)
13.8
(56.8)
18.5
(65.3)
23.7
(74.7)
26.0
(78.8)
25.8
(78.4)
22.3
(72.1)
16.5
(61.7)
10.6
(51.1)
6.5
(43.7)
15.56
(60)
Precipitation mm (inches) 9
(0.35)
6
(0.24)
12
(0.47)
9
(0.35)
8
(0.31)
2
(0.08)
0
(0)
2
(0.08)
9
(0.35)
12
(0.47)
12
(0.47)
9
(0.35)
90
(3.52)
Source: climate-data.org[3]

Transportation[edit]

Hamraia is on the N48 which connect El Oued to Still. From Still, the N3 leads south to Touggourt and north to Biskra.

Education[edit]

4.3% of the population has a tertiary education, and another 11.8% has completed secondary education.[4] The overall literacy rate is 66.6%, and is 71.9% among males and 61.2% among females.[5]

Localities[edit]

The commune of Hamraia is composed of two localities:[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Population: El Oued Wilaya" (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 12 February 2013. 
  2. ^ "Algeria Communes". Statoids. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  3. ^ "Climate data for: Hamraia". climate-data.org. Retrieved 11 April 2013. 
  4. ^ "Structure relative de la population résidente des ménages ordinaires et collectifs âgée de 6 ans et plus selon le niveau d'instruction et la commune de résidence." (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  5. ^ "Taux d'analphabétisme et taux d'alphabétisation de la population âgée de 15 ans et plus, selon le sexe et la commune de résidence ." (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  6. ^ "Décret n° 84-365, fixant la composition, la consistance et les limites territoriale des communes. Wilaya d'El Oued" (in French). Journal officiel de la République Algérienne. 19 December 1984. p. 1565. Archived from the original on 2 March 2013 or before. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 


Neighbouring towns and cities