Hams Hall is a place near Lea Marston in North Warwickshire, England, named after the former Hams Hall manor house. A power station at Hams Hall was constructed and operated in the late 1920s, with a further two power stations began generating electricity in the 1940s and 1950s. By 1993 all three power stations had been closed and demolished and an industrial estate Hams Hall Distribution Park was built. An intermodal rail terminal Hams Hall Rail Freight Terminal also operates at the site.
Hams Hall Estate
The Hams Hall Estate and what is modern day Saltley was owned by the Adderley family for over 262 years. The name of the estate was derived from the fact that the land lay in a great hook (ham) of the River Tame.
As Birmingham and the Black Country developed, the estate faced two problems: loss of land to the west, and lack of water from the river due to industrial pollution. Thus after Robert Rawlinson's report on the condition of Birmingham in 1848 suggesting the need for public park, Charles Adderley, 1st Baron Norton donated 8 acres (0.032 km2) of land to create Adderley Park, which he managed privately from 1855 to 1864. He also donated land for the construction of St Saviour's Church, St Peter's College, Saltley and the reformatory on the Fordrough, later called Norton Boys' Home. In 1879 Lord Norton sold Whitacre Lodge to the city for the construction of the 80 acres (0.32 km2) Shustoke Reservoir, the largest single source of water for Birmingham until the Elan/Claerwen scheme was completed.
Following the death of Charles Adderley in 1905, the residual estate was put up for sale in 1911 to pay death duties. Initially purchased by an American shipping magnate, he dismantled the house in 1921. It was reassembled as Bledisloe Lodge, a hall of residence for students at the Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester at Coates, Gloucestershire. Today the lodge is a private residence, while descendants of the Adderleys lived in Fillongley Hall until 2006, when the 8th Lord Norton sold the Estate for £5 million and moved, together with his family, to Switzerland.
Hams Hall Power Station
The City of Birmingham bought land at Ham Hall, and built an electricity generating station (Hams Hall A), from 1928. Located north of Coleshill Parkway railway station, the location allowed easy access for coal supply trains from the London, Midland and Scottish Railway mainline. Built under the direction of Richard Alexander Chattock (1865–1936), Birmingham City Electrical Engineer.
Two more stations (Hams Hall B and C) were later built on the site, reputedly the largest in Europe at the time of their construction. The City's electricity generating and supply functions were nationalised in the late 1940s.
The Central Electricity Generating Board took over responsibility for the site from Birmingham and founded an environmental studies centre, re-erecting Lea Ford Cottage (a local medieval timber-framed building) there to preserve it. Still owned by site owner E.ON, it is now known as Hams Hall Environmental Studies Centre. The area alongside the confluence of the River Blythe and River Tame became the West Midland Bird Club's Ladywalk Reserve.
All three stations were closed and demolished in the 1990s. The land was cleared, on which was built Hams Hall Distribution Park, with only electrical sub-stations remaining.
Hams Hall Distribution Park
After the Hams Hall Power station site was cleared, Powergen accepted various European and Central Government grants to allow a consortium of construction companies including Alfred McAlpine to construct a new industrial estate called Hams Hall Distribution Park,
Hams Hall Rail Freight Terminal
The Hams Hall Channel Tunnel Freight Terminal was opened 11 July 1997 by the then deputy prime minister John Prescott. As of 2010 the site was one of the main international intermodal terminals in the UK.
The 11 acres (0.045 km2) terminal is sited on the southern edge of Hams Hall business park; since 2004 it has had customs clearance to handle international traffic via the Channel Tunnel; the site has storage for 6000 TEU, and rail access is cleared to W10 vehicle gauge.
- Coleshill Parkway railway station station opened 2007 close to the rail freight terminal, south of the main distribution park
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- "ABB selects Hams Hall National Distribution Park as Midlands distribution hub". Midland Business News. 23 August 2011. Archived from the original on 25 May 2012. Retrieved 23 January 2013. "ABB has selected IM Properties' Hams Hall National Distribution Park to create a new Midlands Distribution Hub .. Hams Hall National Distribution Park includes an intermodal rail freight terminal ... with national and international occupiers including BMW, Sainsbury's, EXEL, Wincanton, DHL, Chubb and BEKO"
- "Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott Opens £380 Million Hams Hall Channel Tunnel Freight Terminal". PowerGen via PR Newswire. 11 July 1997. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
- "Hams Hall Freight Terminal opened by Deputy Prime Minister". RAIL (310). 30 July 1997.
- Alan Rushton; Phil Croucher; Peter Baker (2010), The handbook of logistics & distribution management (4 ed.), Kogan Page Limited, pp. 388–389, "The main international terminals in the UK are: *Mossend , Glassgow; *Trafford Park, Manchester; *Seaforth Docks, Gartree (Liverpool); * Hams Hall, West Midlands; *Daventry International Rail Freight Terminal, Daventry; *Doncaster International Railport, Doncaster; *Wakefield; *Willesden, London"
- "Hams Hall goes to ABP Connect". World Cargo News (WCN Publishing). April 2002. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
- "FBP1128 - Freight Best Practice - Efficient Intermodal Terminals Deliver Supply Chain Benefits". Department of Transport. p. 5. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
- Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Welsh Affairs Committee (1 November 2009). "Port Value Added Services: ABP Connect (Ev 72)". Ports in Wales: fifteenth report of session 2008-09, report, together with formal minutes, oral and written evidence. The Stationery Office.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hams Hall.|
- "Associated British Ports - Hams Hall Rail Freight Terminal - Birmingham". ABP. Retrieved 12 January 2012.
- "Hams Hall Environmental Studies Centre". E.ON. Archived from the original on 3 January 2010. Retrieved 23 January 2013.