Hamza Yusuf

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Shaykh
Hamza Yusuf
Hamza Yusuf 2010 Doha.jpg
Hamza Yusuf at Doha Academy Education Conference in Qatar, 2010.
Born Mark Hanson
1958 (age 55–56)
Walla Walla, Washington, United States
Residence Northern California, United States
Alma mater San Jose State University[1][2][3]
Occupation Islamic scholar
Religion Sunni Islam[4] Maliki[5]
Spouse(s) Liliana (Umm Yahya) Hanson
Website
www.sandala.org

Hamza Yusuf is an American Islamic scholar,[4] and is co-founder of Zaytuna College.[6][7] He is one of the leading proponents of classical learning in Islam and has promoted Islamic sciences and classical teaching methodologies throughout the world.[8]

He is an advisor to Stanford University's Program in Islamic Studies and the Center for Islamic Studies at Berkeley's Graduate Theological Union.[9] He also serves as a member of the board of advisors of George Russell's One Nation, a national philanthropic initiative that promotes pluralism and inclusion in America. In addition, he serves as vice-president for the Global Center for Guidance and Renewal, which was founded and is currently presided over by Abdallah bin Bayyah.[10][11]

He is one of the signatories[12] of A Common Word Between Us and You, an open letter by Islamic scholars to Christian leaders, calling for peace and understanding. The Guardian newspaper in the United Kingdom reported that "Hamza Yusuf is arguably the west's most influential Islamic scholar."[13]

Early life[edit]

Yusuf was born as Mark Hanson to two academics[13] in Washington State and raised in Northern California.[6] He grew up a practicing Greek Orthodox Christian and attended prep schools on both the east and west coasts. In 1977, after a near-death experience and reading the Qur'an, he converted to Islam from Chrisitanity[6] (he seemed destined for the Greek Orthodox priesthood at his early age).[14]

Education[edit]

Soon after converting, Yusuf moved to England, Spain, and eventually Al Ain in the United Arab Emirates to pursue serious study of Islam.[15] There he primarily studied Arabic and also served as a muezzin of a local mosque. There he was introduced to Mauritanian scholars and began more serious study of various Islamic disciplines including Maliki fiqh. This eventually led him to travel to Mauritania itself in order to study directly with the renowned scholar and sage of the land, Sidi Muhammad ould Fahfu al-Massumi, more famously known as Murabit al-Hajj.[16] During his intermittent stays there, Yusuf both lived and studied directly with Murabit al-Hajj.[17]

Career[edit]

Zaytuna[edit]

He and his colleagues Zaid Shakir and Hatem Bazian founded the Zaytuna Institute in Berkeley, California, United States, in 1996,[6] dedicated to the revival of traditional study methods and the sciences of Islam.[18] Eventually, in the fall of 2010 it would open its doors as Zaytuna College, a four-year Muslim liberal arts college, the first of its kind in the United States.[19] It incorporates Yusuf's vision of combining the classical liberal arts - based in the trivium and quadrivium - with rigorous training in traditional Islamic disciplines. It aims to "educate and prepare morally committed professional, intellectual, and spiritual leaders."[20]

Views[edit]

Yusuf has taken a stance against religious justifications for terrorist attacks.[21] He described the 9/11 attacks as "an act of 'mass murder, pure and simple'". Condemning the attacks, he has also stated "Islam was hijacked ... on that plane as an innocent victim".[13]

Influence[edit]

Jordan's Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre currently places him 42nd on its list of the top 500 most influential Muslims in the world.[22] The magazine Egypt Today described him as a kind of theological rock star, "the Elvis Presley of western Muslims."[23] Recently, Hamza Yusuf was ranked as "the Western world's most influential Islamic scholar" by The 500 Most Influential Muslims, edited by John Esposito and Ibrahim Kalin (2009).[24]

Publications[edit]

Books and pamphlets authored

  • Prayer of the Oppressed (2011) - with CD[25][26]
  • The Burda (2003) [27]
  • Purification of the Heart: Signs, Symptoms and Cures of the Spiritual Diseases of the Heart (2004) [28][29]
  • The Content of Character (2004) [30]
  • The State We Are In: Identity, Terror, and the Law of Jihad (contributing Author) (2006)[31][32]
  • Educating your Child in Modern Times[35][36]

Books with forewords and notes

  • Instruction of the Student: The Method of Learning [37]
  • The Prophetic Invocations By Mostafa Al-Badawi [38]

Book edited with Zaid Shakir

Papers

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Edward E. Curtis, The Columbia Sourcebook of Muslims in the United States, p. 405. ISBN 0231139578
  2. ^ Shamim Akhter, Faith & Philosophy of Islam, p. 81. ISBN 8178357194
  3. ^ Jocelyne Cesari, When Islam and Democracy Meet: Muslims in Europe and in the United States, p. 150. ISBN 1403978565
  4. ^ a b http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SfL0Fl9d0iA&feature=related at 4:22 a lecture by Hamza Yusuf on the Dajjal
  5. ^ "Prominent Malikis in the American milieu include the founder of the Zaytuna Institute Shaykh Hamza Yusuf Hanson". Jocelyne Cesari, Encyclopedia of Islam in the United States, p 23.
  6. ^ a b c d Edward E. Curtis, The Columbia Sourcebook of Muslims in the United States, p. 405
  7. ^ Z. Grewal, Islam Is a Foreign Country: American Muslims and the Global Crisis of Authority, p 377
  8. ^ Jocelyne Cesari, Encyclopedia of Islam in the United States, p 643
  9. ^ Carnegie Workshop Biographies | Graduate Theological Union
  10. ^ Introducing global center for renewal and guidance « Bin Bayyah
  11. ^ Introducing global center for renewal and guidance | Islam | Saudi Gazette
  12. ^ Signatories | A Common Word Between Us and You
  13. ^ a b c O'Sullivan, Jack (October 7, 2001). "If you hate the west, emigrate to a Muslim country". The Guardian (London). Retrieved November 22, 2011. 
  14. ^ O'Sullivan, Jack (October 7, 2001). "If you hate the west, emigrate to a Muslim country". The Guardian (London). 
  15. ^ Raquel Ukeles, The Evolving Muslim Community in America: The Impact of 9/11, p 101
  16. ^ Z. Grewal, Islam Is a Foreign Country: American Muslims and the Global Crisis of Authority, p 161
  17. ^ Another Mother of the Believers | AE
  18. ^ Daniel Brumberg, Dina Shehata, Conflict, Identity, and Reform in the Muslim World: Challenges for U.S Engagement, p 367
  19. ^ ZAYTUNA COLLEGE | About > A Brief History
  20. ^ ZAYTUNA COLLEGE | About > Our Mission
  21. ^ Charles L. Cohen, Ronald L. Numbers, Gods in America: Religious Pluralism in the United States, p 186
  22. ^ The 2013/14 Edition is Here!
  23. ^ Elmhurst College: Modern Lessons from an Ancient Faith
  24. ^ "The 500 most influential Muslims in the world". Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre. Archived from the original on October 2, 2010. Retrieved October 2, 2010. 
  25. ^ The Prayer of the Oppressed: Imam Muhammad b. Nasir al-DarÏ, Hamza Yusuf
  26. ^ The Prayer Of The Oppressed: Amazon.co.uk: Imam Muhammad b. Nasir al-Dar'i, Sheikh Hamza Yusuf: Books
  27. ^ The Burda: The Poem of the Cloak (CD Audio Book): Amazon.co.uk: Imam Salih Sharaf ud-Din Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin Hasan al Busiri, Hamza Yusuf: Books
  28. ^ Purification of the Heart: Signs, Symptoms and Cures of the Spiritual Diseases of the Heart: Amazon.co.uk: Hamza Yusuf: Books
  29. ^ Purification of the Heart: Signs, Symptoms and Cures of the Spiritual Diseases of the Heart. By Hamza Yusuf
  30. ^ The Content of Character: Ethical Sayings of the Prophet Muhammad: Amazon.co.uk: Books
  31. ^ Amal Press
  32. ^ The State We are in: Identity, Terror and the Law of Jihad: Amazon.co.uk: Hamza Yusuf Hanson, Tahir Abbas, Yahya Birt, H.A. Hellyer, Aftab Ahmad Malik: Books
  33. ^ The Creed of Imam Al-Tahawi: Amazon.co.uk: Hamza Yusuf: Books
  34. ^ The Creed of Imam al-Tahawi: Hamza Yusuf. Treatise on muslim belief
  35. ^ Educating Your Child in Modern Times: Amazon.co.uk: John Taylor Gatto, Hamza Yusuf Hanson, Dorothy Sayers, Nabila Hanson: Books
  36. ^ Educating Your Child in Modern Times - Raising an intelligent, sovereign & ethical human being: 4 CD set - Hamza Yusuf, John Taylor Gatto
  37. ^ Instruction of the Student: The Method of Learning: Amazon.co.uk: Imam al-Zarnuji, Hamza Yusuf, Gustave E. von Grunebaum: Books
  38. ^ Amazon.com: The Prophetic Invocations (9781929694105): Dr. Mostafa al-Badawi, Hamza Yusuf: Books

External links[edit]