Han Myeong-sook

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This is a Korean name; the family name is Han.
Han Myeong-sook
한명숙
Han Myeong Sook 2006.png
Member of the National Assembly
Incumbent
Assumed office
30 May 2012
Constituency Proportional Representation №15
In office
5 June 2000 – 29 May 2008
Constituency GoyangIlsandong-gu (2004-08)
Proportional Representation №5 (2000-04)
Prime Minister of South Korea
In office
20 April 2006 – 7 March 2007
President Roh Moo-hyun
Preceded by Ha Deok-Su (Acting)
Succeeded by Kwon O-kyu (Acting)
Minister for Environment
In office
27 February 2003 – 16 February 2004
Prime Minister Goh Kun
Preceded by Kim Myung-ja
Succeeded by Ji Eun-hee
Minister for Gender Equality
In office
29 January 2001 – 26 February 2003
Prime Minister Lee Han-dong
Chang Sang (Acting)
Jeon Yun-churl (Acting)
Chang Dae-hwan (Acting)
Kim Suk-soo
Preceded by Position established
Personal details
Born (1944-03-24) 24 March 1944 (age 70)
Pyongyang, Japanese Korea
(now North Korea)
Political party Democratic United Party
Spouse(s) Park Seong-jun
Alma mater Ewha Womans University
Signature
Han Myeong-sook
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Han Myeong-suk
McCune–Reischauer Han Myŏngsuk

Han Myeong-sook (born March 24, 1944; Korean: 한명숙 [han mjʌŋsʰuk]) was the Prime Minister of South Korea from April 2006 to March 2007. She is South Korea's first female prime minister. She was from the United New Democratic Party (UNDP) as a member of the Korean National Assembly (representative) for Ilsan-gab, and is a graduate of Ewha Womans University in Seoul with a degree in French literature. She resigned as Prime Minister on March 7, 2007 and declared her presidential candidacy. But she did not succeed in the nominations. In 2008 she ran for parliament, but was not elected. However, in January 2012 she was elected leader of the main oppositional Democratic United Party (DUP) before the April legislative elections and became a member of parliament. But the liberals did not manage to defeat the ruling Saenuri Party and Han stepped down as party leader in April 2012.[1]

Pre-Prime Ministerial career[edit]

She was imprisoned from 1979 to 1981 after she confessed to teaching pro-Communist ideas to workers, farmers and low-income women, but it is now accepted she was imprisoned for pro-Democratic activities.[2] A government committee exonerated her of any wrongdoing in 2001, ruling her confession was elicited through torture.[3]

In 1999, she joined the National Congress for New Politics, and entered politics. In 2000, she was elected as a member of the 16th Korean National Assembly (for Proportional representation). In 2004, she ran for a member of the National Assembly in Ilsan of Goyang and was elected.

Han was the first Minister of Gender Equality, serving from 2001 to 2003. She served as the Minister of Environment from 2003 to 2004.[4]

Appointment[edit]

On 24 March 2006, following the resignation of Prime Minister Lee Hae-chan, President Roh Moo-hyun nominated Han[4] to become the first female Prime Minister of South Korea.[3] Han is only the second woman to be nominated for the Prime Ministership.[2] On 20 April 2006, Han Myeong-Sook was sworn in, becoming the first female Prime Minister of South Korea.[4]

Prime Ministership[edit]

Libya-South Korea relations[edit]

Han visited Libya on 19 September 2006 and 20 September 2006.[5]

South Korea-United Arab Emirates relations[edit]

Han went to the United Arab Emirates on 24 September and held high level talks with Prime Minister Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. Han said she wanted to cultivate "the potential for bilateral cooperation in... trade, investment, IT and tourism." According to Han, "around 50 South Korean companies of global competitiveness have established headquarters of the Middle East region in Dubai." UAE companies invested $8 billion in South Korea from 2002–2006, but South Korea total investment in the UAE is only $25 million.[6]

Han was interviewed by Gulf News in September 2006. She expressed a desire to increase South Korean investment in the UAE and sign a Free Trade Agreement with the Gulf Cooperation Council. When asked about gender equality in the UAE, she expressed interest in Muslim women, and commended the fact that the "status of women in Islam is a historic and religious outcome that is regulated by the Quran and Hadith." She pointed to the efforts of Shaikha Fatima, the mother of the UAE, the appointment of Shaikha Lubna Khalid Al Qasimi, the first appointment of a female minister, as the Minister of Economy, and the February 2006 appointment of Mariam Al Roumi as the Minister of Social Affairs as positive signs of the UAE's adapting to social changes. She rejected the idea of "imposing a U.S. or Western-style democracy on the Arab world" saying, "the values of democracy are not to be imposed." Han expressed her friendship towards Lebanon and Israel and her support for UN Security Council Resolution 1701, UNIFIL, United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan's efforts at securing peace, and Foreign Minister Ban's candidacy to be the next Secretary General.[6]-

Kazakhstan-South Korea relations[edit]

Han met with Daniyal Akhmetov, the Prime Minister of Kazakhstan, on 23 September 2006 in Astana, Kazakhstan. They signed several bilateral agreements enhancing economic ties. The Government of South Korea agreed to invest an additional $2 billion in joint projects in the energy, uranium-extraction, construction, transportation, and banking sectors. Akhmetov offered South Korea the option of participating in developing a new type of nuclear reactor. South Korean investors have stakes in more than 300 Kazakhstan-based companies. Han was in Kazakhstan until 24 September. She then traveled to Uzbekistan.[7]

Han invited President Nazarbayev to visit South Korea in 2007 on behalf of President Roh,[7] and on 25 September, after talking to Nazarbayev, she announced to the press that he had accepted and expressed hope that the trip would help to increase cooperation in the petrochemical industry, information technology and education/[8]

South Korea-Uzbekistan relations[edit]

Han and Shavkat Mirziyoyev, the Prime Minister of Uzbekistan, met in Tashkent, Uzbekistan on 25 September 2006. They signed several agreements, including one deal in which Uzbekistan will send 300 tons of Uzbek uranium ore to South Korea every year from 2010 to 2014. The deal bypasses U.S. companies that acted previously as middlemen for South Korean imports of Uzbek uranium ore. Han also met with President Islam Karimov and parliament speaker Erkin Xalilov. Han and Mirziyoyev boosted cooperation in the energy, agriculture, construction, architecture, and information technology sectors. Trade between South Korea and Uzbekistan increased by nearly 40% between 2005 and 2006, to $565 million.[9]

Resignation[edit]

Han resigned from her position as prime minister on March 7, 2007, amidst speculation that she would run in the December 2007 presidential elections. After the informal meeting with former justice minister Kang Kum-Sil just before her resignation, Ms. Han stated that she would continue as a legislator and think about running for president.[10]

Post-Prime Ministerial career[edit]

In 2007, Han ran for the party presidential candidacy but did nor succeed in the nomnations. She endorsed to Chung Dong-young. In 2008, she ran for re-election to parliament, but was defeated by a candidate of Grand National Party. In 2010, she declared to run for Seoul's Mayor position, but was narrowly defeated by Oh Se-hoon of GNP.

On the first congress of the Democratic United Party on 15 January 2012, Han was voted chairwoman of the supreme council of the party with 24.5 per cent support rate. The liberal party was created by a merger of the Democratic Party with the minor Citizens Unity Party, and is South Korea's main oppositional force.[11][12][13] Han was elected to pariament in the April legislative elections, but the liberals did not manage to oust the ruling party and Han stepped down as DUP head on 16 April 2012. For three months the leaders of the two major Korean parties were women: Park Geun-hye of the Grand National Party and Han Myeong-sook for the DUP.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Son Won-je (16 January 2012) "Han Myeong-sook wins comfortably in DUP leadership election",The Hankyoreh/Hani.co.kr; Kim Hee-jin and Yang Won-bo (14 April 2012) "Han steps down as DUP head after defeat", Koreas JoongAng Daily
  2. ^ a b South Korean President Nominates New Prime Minister VOA News
  3. ^ a b South Korea Nominates First Female Prime Minister The New York Times
  4. ^ a b c Biography Office of the Prime Minister
  5. ^ Airport Flag Used to Represent Korea Dong-a Ilbo
  6. ^ a b S. Korea plans more UAE investments Gulf News
  7. ^ a b Kazakhstan, South Korea Vow To Boost Ties BakuTODAY
  8. ^ Kazakh Leader to Visit South Korea Next Year Yahoo! Asia News
  9. ^ South Korea, Uzbekistan Sign Uranium Deal RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
  10. ^ South Korean prime minister resigns amid media speculation she may run for president IHT
  11. ^ Lee, Tae-hoon (15 January 2012), "Han to head main opposition party", The Korea Times, retrieved 15 January 2012 
  12. ^ Bae, Hyun-jung (15 January 2012), "Former P.M. Han takes DUP helm", The Korea Herald, retrieved 15 January 2012 
  13. ^ Ex S. Korean PM Elected Leader of Main Opposition Party, CRI, 15 January 2012, retrieved 15 January 2012 

Further reading[edit]

  • Skard, Torild (2014) "Han Myung-sook" in Women of power - half a century of female presidents and prime ministers worldwide, Bristol: Policy Press, ISBN 978-1-44731-578-0

External links[edit]

Political offices
New office Minister of Gender Equality
2001–2003
Succeeded by
Ji Eun-hee
Preceded by
Kim Myung-ja
Minister of the Environment
2003–2004
Succeeded by
Kwak Kyul-ho
Preceded by
Han Duck-soo
Acting
Prime Minister of South Korea
2006–2007
Succeeded by
Kwon O-kyu
Acting