Hana, Hawaii

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Hāna, Hawaii
CDP
Aerial view of Hana, Maui
Aerial view of Hana, Maui
Location in Maui County and the state of Hawaii
Location in Maui County and the state of Hawaii
Coordinates: 20°46′12″N 155°59′39″W / 20.77000°N 155.99417°W / 20.77000; -155.99417Coordinates: 20°46′12″N 155°59′39″W / 20.77000°N 155.99417°W / 20.77000; -155.99417
Country United States
State Hawaii
County Maui
Area
 • Total 11.7 sq mi (30.3 km2)
 • Land 10.5 sq mi (27.3 km2)
 • Water 1.2 sq mi (3.0 km2)
Elevation 128 ft (39 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,235
 • Density 110/sq mi (41/km2)
Time zone Hawaii-Aleutian (UTC-10)
ZIP code 96713
Area code(s) 808
FIPS code 15-11350
GNIS feature ID 0359013

Hāna is a census-designated place (CDP) in Maui County, Hawaii, United States. The population was 1,235 at the 2010 census.[1] Hana is located at the eastern end of the island of Maui and is one of the most isolated communities in the state. It is reached mainly via the Hana Highway, a long, winding, 52-mile-long (84 km) highway along Maui's northern shore.

History[edit]

The ancient district of Hāna
The modern district of Hāna

Like most of Hawaii, Hana was probably first settled between 500 and 800 AD by Polynesian peoples.[2]

The first sugar plantation in the area was established by George Wilfong in 1849, and by 1883 there were six plantations operating in the area. By 1946, however, the last sugar plantation had closed, leading plantation workers to move mostly to the west side of Maui. That same year saw the opening of the Ka-'uiki Inn, today known as the Hotel Hana-Maui, which helped transition the economy towards tourism.[2]

The winding, famously scenic Hana Highway was completed in 1926. Originally paved with gravel, it provided the first land vehicle access to the town. Hana's population peaked in the first half of the twentieth century, with a population of about 3500.[2]

Geography and climate[edit]

Hana is located at 20°46′12″N 155°59′39″W / 20.77000°N 155.99417°W / 20.77000; -155.99417 (20.770017, −155.994179).[3] The Hana Airport offers flights with regular service to the Big Island, Kahului, and Oahu.

According to the United States Census Bureau, this CDP has a total area of 11.7 square miles (30.3 km2), of which 10.5 square miles (27.3 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.0 km2), 9.77%, is water.[4]

Near Hana are natural areas and several swimming holes in the Haleakala National Park.

Hana's climate is hot and wet year round, typical of a tropical rainforest.

Climate data for Hana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 78
(26)
78
(26)
78
(26)
79
(26)
80
(27)
82
(28)
82
(28)
83
(28)
83
(28)
82
(28)
80
(27)
79
(26)
80.3
(27)
Average low °F (°C) 65
(18)
64
(18)
65
(18)
67
(19)
68
(20)
70
(21)
71
(22)
72
(22)
70
(21)
70
(21)
70
(21)
67
(19)
68.3
(20)
Precipitation inches (mm) 7.96
(202.2)
6.80
(172.7)
9.52
(241.8)
7.30
(185.4)
5.86
(148.8)
4.08
(103.6)
5.94
(150.9)
5.98
(151.9)
6.82
(173.2)
7.28
(184.9)
8.00
(203.2)
7.01
(178.1)
82.55
(2,096.7)
Source: Weatherbase [5]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[6] of 2010,[1] Hana had 1,235 residents, 390 households, and 252 families residing in the CDP. The 2010 population density was 105.6 people per square mile (40.8 people per square kilometer). There were 506 housing units at an average density of 48.2/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 22.2% White, 0.1% African American, 0.1% American Indian and Alaska Native, 5.0% Asian, 29.1% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from some other race, and 42.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.8% of the population.

As of 2010, there were 390 households out of which 23.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were headed by married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.7% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.17, and the average family size was 3.99.

As of 2010, in the CDP the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.2 years. For every 100 females there were 105.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.9 males.

As of 2000, the median income for a household in the CDP was $50,833, and the median income for a family was $54,167. Males had a median income of $26,146 versus $22,969 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $14,672. About 5.6% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.4% of those under age 18 and 3.8% of those age 65 or over.

Points of interest[edit]

Hale O Pi' Ilani Heiau, an ancient heiau temple platform near Honomaele Gulch.

Popular culture[edit]

Hana's surfing culture was profiled by writer Susan Orlean in Outside magazine in 1998, inspiring the 2002 film Blue Crush.[7]

Notable residents[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Hana, Hawaii
Hana Beach Park 
Hamoa Beach 
'Hana Maui Coast',
by Charles W. Bartlett (1920) 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Hana CDP, Hawaii". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 28, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Hana Chronology". Retrieved November 24, 2012. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Hana CDP, Hawaii". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 28, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Hana". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ Orlean, Susan. "Life's Swell". Outside. Retrieved September 12, 2002. 

External links[edit]