Hanbury Manor is located in Cambridge Road, Ware, Hertfordshire. Formerly a manor house and boarding school, it is now a hotel and country club.
The first dwelling built on the property was constructed in the 16th century. The first name 'Poles' was derived from the house being at one time owned by Reginald Pole, a lay cardinal, whose mother, Margaret Pole, 8th Countess of Salisbury, was the last legitimate Plantagenet and who was later the last catholic Archbishop of Canterbury.
The Hanbury Family
During the latter half of the 18th century the Hanburys became lessees and later purchasers of Poles. The Hanbury family originally came from France, with Geoffrey De Hanbury settling in Worcestershire in the 14th century.
Sampson Hanbury (1769-1835)
Sampson Hanbury bought Poles about the year 1800. From 1799 to 1830 he was Master of the Puckeridge Hounds. Childless, he left Poles to his widow, Agatha.
Robert Hanbury (1798-1884)
Robert Hanbury was senior partner in Truman, Hanbury, Buxton & Co. He inherited Poles on the death of his Aunt Agatha in 1847. He was a JP, a Deputy Lieutenant, and in 1854 High Sheriff of Hertfordshire.
His son, also Robert Hanbury (1823–1867) (also Robert Culling Hanbury after his second marriage) died before inheriting. He too was a partner in Truman, Hanbury, Burton & Co. and from 1857 to 1867 was Member of Parliament for Middlesex.
Edmund Smith Hanbury (1850-1913)
Edmund Hanbury too was a partner in the brewing company Truman, Hanbury, Buxton & Co from 1873, from which he retired in 1886. On his grandfather's death he brought his family to live at Poles, a property which, at that time, was in excess of 2,000 acres (8.1 km2). His wife, Amy, found the house to be a rambling, uninhabitable monstrosity and refused to live in it.
Architects Sir Ernest George and Harold Peto designed a replacement grand house, built by Simpsons & Ayrton of Paddington in 1890-91 at a cost of £20,000. The final costs of £30,000 probably marked the beginning of the end of this branch of Hanbury in Hertfordshire. The house, built in the Jacobean style in red brick with blue brick reticulation and stone mullioned windows, was the first in the area to boast not only electricity but a central heating system.
Like his father, he became a J.P. and Deputy Lieutenant and in 1891 High Sheriff of Hertfordshire. In later life, he was for two years, 1906–1909, Prime Warden of the Worshipful Company of Fishmongers.
A service wing and stables were added in 1913, by which time the estate had shrunk to 100 acres (0.40 km2).
Robert Francis Hanbury (1883-?)
Edmund's only son Robert Francis Hanbury, a barrister, sold Poles in 1914 to Mr. H.J. King.
In 1923 the house was purchased by the Faithful Companions of Jesus with the intent of establishing a convent school. The house was transformed in 1934 with the addition of a gym, classrooms, dormitories, a three-storeyed tower, and a new chapel. From 1974 girls from Poles Convent progressed into the sixth form of St. Edmund's College. By the time the school closed in 1986 St. Edmund's College was fully co-educational.
Notable former pupils
- Vanilla Beer, artist
- Karren Brady, sporting executive and broadcaster
- Terry Keane, journalist, mistress of Charles Haughey the Irish Taoiseach
The estate was redeveloped over a three-year period as a 5-star hotel and country club.
The original school block, with its gym, chapel and classrooms, formed the base for a conference and banqueting centre set around the courtyard. The chapel, now named Poles Hall, has become the main banqueting hall.
The Hanbury Manor golf course was first designed by Harry Vardon in the early 1900s as a 9-hole course, and the newer (1991) 18 hole PGA course by Jack Nicklaus II. The course hosted the English Open from 1997 to 1999.
- Hanbury, Jillian (15 July 2007). "The Hanburys of England". Antony Maitland. Retrieved 29 March 2010.
- "London Metropolitan Archives > Truman Hanbury Buxton and Co Ltd (Brewers)". National Archives. Retrieved 27 March 2010. "Deed of Admission of Edmund Smith Hanbury as a partner. B/THB/A/102 Jun 1873"
- William Page, ed. (1912). "Parishes: Thundridge". A History of the County of Hertford. Victoria County History 3. pp. 377–380. Retrieved 2010-03-25. "Poles, on the north-west of the parish, is the seat of Mr. E. S. Hanbury; the house, which is modern, stands in a park of about 100 acres."
- The London Gazette: . 13 Nov 1888. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
- "Hanbury Manor Golf & CC". top100golfcourses.co.uk. Retrieved 26 March 2010.
- "8 January 1990". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard) (House of Commons of the United Kingdom). col. 477.
- "History & Tradition". St. Edmund's College. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
- "Terry Keane: mistress of the former Irish Prime Minister". Times. 4 June 2008. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
- "East Herts Online Planning". East Hertfordshire Council. 17 Mar 1987. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
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