Hancock, Austin, Texas
Hancock is located north of downtown Austin and the University of Texas. It is bounded to the south by 32nd Street, to the west by Duval Street and Hyde Park and North University neighborhoods, to the north by 45th Street and the North Loop neighborhood and to the east by Interstate 35 and the Cherrywood and Wilshire Wood neighborhoods.
One of the earliest settlers of the Hancock area was Susanna Dickinson, who was a survivor of the Battle of the Alamo, and originally lived at 32nd Street and Duval. Another early resident was Lewis Hancock, Jr., for whom the neighborhood was named, and who was mayor of Austin from 1895 to 1897. Hancock also founded the Austin Country Club and Golf Course in the area in 1899, and after the turn of the century, formal neighborhoods were planned in the North University area, which it was called at the time.
Directly south of the country club, which was considered suburban at the time, Dr. J.R. Bailey platted the Beau Site in 1910, and in 1912, the Austin Country Club expanded to 18 holes after the land east of Red River on which it was expanded was purchased by the club and its owners. In 1928, the neighborhood was subdivided into its current configuration, and Austin's population at the time was only around 35,000 residents, so the area was still considered to be on the outskirts of town.
St. David's Hospital was built around 32nd Street in 1924, when it opened its doors, and Concordia Lutheran College was also built on twenty acres of land from the Hancock Estate in 1926. Various commercial establishments sprang up shortly thereafter, and many prominent Austinites relocated to the Hancock neighborhood around the same time, including J. Frank Dobie, a well-known writer, and Edgar Perry Jr., a cotton broker, as well as Tom Miller, one of the early mayors of Austin who served two terms as mayor.
In 1946, the Austin Country Club relocated outside the city limits to present-day East Riverside Drive, and the city sold the back nine holes of the Hancock Golf Course, as it was called after the country club relocated, to the Sears Corporation to finance other recreational projects. The Sears store later became one of the flagship stores in the Hancock Center Shopping Plaza, which was built in 1963 on the back nine of the golf course and is considered Austin's first shopping mall. The other flagship store in Hancock Center is a huge H-E-B grocery store, among various other smaller stores, shops, and restaurants. During the 1960s was home to the first Dillard's store in Texas and a Sears more than double the size of its original downtown store. Other early Hancock Center tenants included Merritt, Schaeffer, Brown, Snyder Chenards, Leon's, and Merle Norman Cosmetics.
The decline of Hancock Center could be traced to the opening of the fully enclosed Highland Mall in 1970. However, the Center was sold again an the 1990s and plans were announced plans to invest $11 million in remodeling. Pacific Retail Trust acquired the mall in 1996 and unveiled H.E.B.'s plans to construct a new grocery store with 94,000 square feet, almost three times the size of the original store opened in 1964. Today, Hancock Center is home to Old Navy, PetCo, Marble Slab Creamery and many other businesses.
According to data from the U.S. Census Bureau, the population of the area defined as Hancock was 5,028 in 2009, over an area of 0.974 square miles. The population density per square miles is 5,164, nearly twice the citywide average. The racial breakdown is 72% white, 14% Asian/Pacific Islander, 10% Hispanic/Latino, 1% black and 3% other. Median household income in 2009 was $29,758, well below that of Austin at large: $50,132. Conversely, the average estimated value of detached houses in 2009 (33.4% of all units) was $363,741, compared to the citywide average of $286,025.
Hancock is served by the Austin Independent School District:
- "Hancock Neighborhood". Hancock Neighborhood Association. Retrieved Nov. 21, 2011.
- Thompson, Richard A. (2010). "The Hancock Neighborhood: An Urbane Oasis". Hancock Neighborhood Association. Retrieved Nov. 21, 2011.
- "The Club". Austin Country Club About Us. Retrieved Nov. 21, 2011.
- Clark-Madison, Mike (Feb. 14, 1997). "Hancock Center, R.I.P.". Austin Chronicle. Retrieved Nov. 21, 2011.
- "Hancock Detailed Profile". City-data.com. Retrieved Nov. 21, 2011.