Hancock County, Maine

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Hancock County, Maine
Map of Maine highlighting Hancock County
Location in the state of Maine
Map of the United States highlighting Maine
Maine's location in the U.S.
Founded June 25, 1789
Named for John Hancock
Seat Ellsworth
Largest city Ellsworth
Area
 • Total 2,351 sq mi (6,089 km2)
 • Land 1,588 sq mi (4,113 km2)
 • Water 763 sq mi (1,976 km2), 32.47%
Population
 • (2010) 54,418
 • Density 34.2/sq mi (13.23/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.hancock.me.us
John Hancock of Massachusetts, the namesake of Hancock County
High tide near Thunder Hole in Acadia National Park; Hancock County, Maine, is a major tourist destination in the United States.
Ocean waves at Sand Beach in Acadia National Park
Jordan Pond (July 4, 2014)

Hancock County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maine. At the 2010 census, its population was 54,418.[1] Its county seat is Ellsworth.[2] The county was incorporated on June 25, 1789 and named for John Hancock,[3] the first governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The Commissioners are Antonio Blasi, Steven Joy, Percy Brown.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 2,351.03 square miles (6,089.1 km2), of which 1,587.70 square miles (4,112.1 km2) (or 67.53%) is land and 763.33 square miles (1,977.0 km2) (or 32.47%) is water.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 9,542
1800 16,358 71.4%
1810 30,031 83.6%
1820 31,290 4.2%
1830 24,336 −22.2%
1840 28,605 17.5%
1850 34,372 20.2%
1860 37,757 9.8%
1870 36,495 −3.3%
1880 38,129 4.5%
1890 37,312 −2.1%
1900 37,241 −0.2%
1910 35,575 −4.5%
1920 30,361 −14.7%
1930 30,721 1.2%
1940 32,422 5.5%
1950 32,105 −1.0%
1960 32,293 0.6%
1970 34,590 7.1%
1980 41,781 20.8%
1990 46,948 12.4%
2000 51,791 10.3%
2010 54,418 5.1%
Est. 2012 54,558 0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 51,791 people, 21,864 households, and 14,233 families residing in the county. The population density was 33 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 33,945 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.61% White, 0.25% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. 0.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

The largest ancestry groups in Hancock County, Maine according to Census 2000 are:

96.8% spoke English, 1.5% French and 1.0% Spanish as their first language.

There were 21,864 households out of which 28.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.50% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.90% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.30% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 26.80% from 45 to 64, and 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 95.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,811, and the median income for a family was $43,216. Males had a median income of $30,461 versus $22,647 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,809. About 7.00% of families and 10.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.90% of those under age 18 and 9.50% of those age 65 or over.

The 1990 Census counted 46,948, though the 1998 population estimate is 49,932.1 The gender division was 22,996 males, 23,952 females in 1989. Ninety-nine percent of the population was white (46,446), 121 American Indians, 249 Asians, 79 Blacks and 52 "other"

Sixty-six percent of the population of Hancock County are Mainers by birth, three percent were born outside the US.

Of the 31,475 persons over 25 years old, 83% (26,214) had a high school degree or higher. Twenty-one percent had a bachelor’s degree or higher.

Industry[edit]

Of employed persons 16 years and over in 1990, 1,108 indicated involvement in the "agriculture, forestry and fisheries" industry, though 1,206 indicated "farming, forestry and fishing occupations." The U.S. Census data are not dependable for determining the numbers of individuals involved in the fishing industry. Only firms with 10 or more employees must report their numbers, as well as firms paying workmen’s compensation insurance. Because the majority of fishermen in Maine are considered self-employed, the statistics underreport fishing employment.

Cranberry Isles, Deer Isle, Frenchboro, Gouldsboro, Southwest Harbor, Stonington, Swans Island and Tremont (Bass Harbor) were identified by a key respondent as fisheries dependent. Bar Harbor, Brooklin, Brooksville, Hancock, Lamoine, Mount Desert, Penobscot, Sedgwick, Sorrento and Sullivan were also noted as having either significant fishing activity or a significant number of people who fish. Winter Harbor’s fishing activities were once dwarfed by the economic activity associated with a naval base, but now that the naval base has closed, fishing activity will most likely be the dominant economic activity in the community. Salmon farming is also popular in the area and Maine Salmon is an important export.

Hancock County has the longest coastline of any Maine county. Commercial fishing and tourism are the county’s most important industries. Hancock County is home to Acadia National Park (the only national park in Maine or the New England region, excluding the national sea shore on Cape Cod) and Cadillac Mountain (the highest point in Maine's coastal region). Jackson Laboratory, noted for cancer research, is located in Bar Harbor. Two institutions of higher education are located in Hancock County: Maine Maritime Academy at Castine and the College of the Atlantic at Bar Harbor.

Cities and towns[edit]

Territories[edit]

Voter registration[edit]

Presidential election results[7]
Year Democrat Republican
2012 57.04% 17,569 40.01% 12,324
2008 58.74% 18,895 39.44% 12,686
2004 54.49% 18,048 43.49% 14,405
2000 45.44% 12,983 44.56% 12,732
Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of August 2011[8]
  Unenrolled 15,237 35.64%
  Republican 13,202 30.88%
  Democratic 12,798 29.93%
  Green Independent 1,510 3.53%
Total 42,747 100%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 148. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 19, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 19, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11. 
  8. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of August, 2011". Maine Bureau of Corporations. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°34′N 68°22′W / 44.57°N 68.37°W / 44.57; -68.37