Hancock County, Tennessee
|Hancock County, Tennessee|
Hancock County Courthouse in Sneedville
Location in the state of Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
|Named for||John Hancock|
224 sq mi (579 km²)
222 sq mi (576 km²)
1 sq mi (3 km²), .54%
30/sq mi (12/km²)
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 224 square miles (580.2 km2), of which 222 square miles (575.0 km2) is land and 1 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.54%) is water.
Adjacent counties 
- Lee County, Virginia (north)
- Scott County, Virginia (northeast)
- Hawkins County (east)
- Grainger County (southwest)
- Claiborne County (west)
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,786 people, 2,769 households, and 1,938 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 3,280 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.91% White, 0.49% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. 0.37% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,769 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.00% were non-families. 27.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the county, the population was spread out with 23.10% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 25.50% from 45 to 64, and 15.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $19,760, which was the lowest median household income of any county in Tennessee and the 27th lowest in the nation. The median income for a family was $25,372. Males had a median income of $23,150 versus $18,199 for females. The per capita income for the county was $11,986. About 25.30% of families and 29.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.50% of those under age 18 and 30.70% of those age 65 or over.
Hancock County is known particularly for its population of people of Melungeon ancestry, who are believed to be of mixed European, African, and Native American heritage. The Vardy Community School, which provided state-mandated education for Melungeon children in the early 20th century, is now a historic site located in the Newman's Ridge area.
Cities and towns 
See also 
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Based on 2000 census data
- Hancock County, Tennessee, Selected Statistical Information, Tennessee Advisory Committee on Intergovernmental Relations, accessed April 26, 2008
Further reading 
- Johnson, Mattie Ruth (1997). My Melungeon Heritage: A Story of Life on Newman's Ridge. Johnson City, Tennessee: Overmountain Press.
- Price, Henry R. (1966). "Melungeons: The Vanishing Colony of Newman's Ridge." Conference paper. American Studies Association of Kentucky and Tennessee. March 25–26, 1967.
- Hancock County at the Open Directory Project
- The Hancock County Public Library website
- Hancock County, TNGenWeb - free genealogy resources for the county
- Sneedville/Hancock Chamber & Community Partners,Inc. website
||Lee County, Virginia||Scott County, Virginia|
|Claiborne County||Hawkins County|