Hancock House (Lower Alloways Creek Township, New Jersey)
|Location||Rte. 49 and Front St., Lower Alloways Creek Township, New Jersey|
|Area||2.5 acres (1.0 ha)|
|NRHP Reference #||70000393|
|Added to NRHP||December 18, 1970|
|Designated NJRHP||September 11, 1970|
The Hancock House is a historic structure in the Hancock's Bridge section of Lower Alloways Creek Township, Salem County, New Jersey, United States. It was the site of the 1778 Hancock's Bridge massacre. The site is on the National Register of Historic Places.
Built in 1734 for Judge William and Sarah Hancock, the house features a blue glazed brick pattern, which gives the year of construction, 1734, and the initials of the couple for whom it was built, 'W S' for William and Sarah. William died in 1762, and passed the house to his son William, also a judge.
Loyalist troops from John Graves Simcoe's Queen's Rangers, frustrated by rebel resistance, crossed Alloway Creek in the early morning of March 21, 1778. They entered the house and surprised members of the local militia stationed there; between 20 and 30 people were killed. Simcoe's orders were to "spare no one"; unknown to the attackers, Hancock had returned home, and was among the slain.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Salem County, New Jersey
- List of the oldest buildings in New Jersey
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places - Salem County". New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection - Historic Preservation Office. April 1, 2010. p. 1. Retrieved June 16, 2010.
- NJDEP-Parks and Forests-Centennial of NJ State Historic Site
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