Location of Handan City jurisdiction in Hebei
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Prefecture-level city||12,087 km2 (4,667 sq mi)|
|• Metro||619 km2 (239 sq mi)|
|• Prefecture-level city||9,174,679|
|• Density||760/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||2,200/km2 (5,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|Licence plate prefixes||冀D|
Handan (simplified Chinese: 邯郸; traditional Chinese: 邯鄲; pinyin: Hándān) is a prefecture-level city located in the southwestern part of Hebei province, People's Republic of China. It borders Xingtai on the north, and the provinces of Shanxi on the west, Henan on the south and Shandong on the east.
Handan was the capital of the State of Zhao during the Warring States period (475−221 BCE), after the capital moved from Zhongmu. The city was conquered by the State of Qin after the virtual annexation of Zhao by Qin except for the Dai Commandery. The first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang visited the city once and ordered all enemies of his mother to be buried alive.
Handan was still regarded as a commercial centre during the Western and Eastern Han Dynasties (206 BCE−220 CE) but slowly it declined, perhaps because of the numerous battles that ravaged northern China following the Han Dynasty. Handan is now mainly an industrial city. It still has some attractions, most derived from Zhao folklore such as the road into which Lin Xiangru, courier of the precious jade He Shi Bi, backed in order to let his nemesis Lian Po pass first as well as the location in which Lian Po begged for Lin Xiangru's forgiveness.
The population at the 2010 census was estimated at 1,371,000 for the built up area and 9,174,679 for the entire Prefecture-level city area of 12,087 km2 (4,667 sq mi).
|#||Name||Hanzi||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2004 est.)||Area (km²)||Density (/km²)|
|1||Congtai District||丛台区||Cóngtái Qū||330,000||28||11,786|
|2||Hanshan District||邯山区||Hánshān Qū||310,000||32||9,688|
|3||Fuxing District||复兴区||Fùxīng Qū||250,000||37||6,757|
|4||Fengfeng Mining District||峰峰矿区||Fēngfēng Kuàngqū||500,000||353||1,416|
|5||Wu'an City||武安市||Wǔ'ān Shì||720,000||1,806||399|
|6||Handan County||邯郸县||Hándān Xiàn||400,000||522||766|
|7||Linzhang County||临漳县||Línzhāng Xiàn||590,000||744||793|
|8||Cheng'an County||成安县||Chéng'ān Xiàn||370,000||485||763|
|9||Daming County||大名县||Dàmíng Xiàn||750,000||1,052||713|
|10||She County||涉县||Shè Xiàn||390,000||1,509||258|
|11||Ci County||磁县||Cí Xiàn||640,000||1,035||618|
|12||Feixiang County||肥乡县||Féixiāng Xiàn||310,000||496||625|
|13||Yongnian County||永年县||Yǒngnián Xiàn||860,000||898||958|
|14||Qiu County||邱县||Qiū Xiàn||200,000||448||446|
|15||Jize County||鸡泽县||Jīzé Xiàn||250,000||337||742|
|16||Guangping County||广平县||Guǎngpíng Xiàn||250,000||320||781|
|17||Guantao County||馆陶县||Guǎntáo Xiàn||290,000||456||636|
|18||Wei County||魏县||Wèi Xiàn||810,000||862||940|
|19||Quzhou County||曲周县||Qǔzhōu Xiàn||410,000||667||615|
Industrial growth in the city was due to its communication and transport activities. Coal mines at Fengfeng provide power for Handan's iron, steel and textile mills. Chemical and cement plants along with other industries also benefit. The GDP per capita in Renminbi (人民币), aka yuan (元) was estimated at ¥13,449 in 2005.