Handan Sultan

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Handan Sultan
Born Helen[1]
1574
Greece
Died 26 November 1605
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Resting place
Tomb of Ottoman Sultan Mehmed III
Residence Istanbul
Ethnicity Greek[1][2]
Known for Valide Sultan
Religion Islam, previously Greek Orthodox Christian
Spouse(s) Mehmed III
Children Ahmed I

Handan Sultan (fully Devletlu İsmetlu Handan Valide Sultan Aliyyetü'ş-Şân Hazretleri; ca. 1574 – 26 November 1605[3])(Handan meaning "Joyful") was the mother of the Ottoman Sultan Ahmed I and his Valide Sultan from 21 December 1603 until 26 November 1605. She was originally a Greek Orthodox Christian named Helena.

During the first two years of the reign of Sultan Ahmed I, she was the Vâlidā Sultâna, being his mother.

The contemporary historian Ibrahim Pecevi questioned her wisdom. Leslie Peirce points out that Ahmed I tended to disregard her advice.[4] While respecting the tradition that a mother's right is God's right, he ingeniously circumvented her will. She did not manage to receive either influence or economic funds as had the two previous Valide Sultans. Her salary was only 1000 akçes even though she acted as the co-regent as the Valide Sultan during the first two years of the regency of her son Sultan Ahmed I while the grandmother Safiye Sultan was receiving 3000 akçes during the same period.

The türbe of Handan is located next to that of Mehmed III in the courtyard of Hagia Sophia.

She prevailed upon her son Ahmed I to save the life of Mustafa I by making him abolish the law on the immediate execution of the brothers of the Ottoman Sultans upon his accession to the Ottoman throne. The law was initially put into effect by Fatih Sultan Mehmed for the purpose of preventing probable fighting among the sultan's brothers who were the potential claimants to the throne.

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Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Meram, Ali Kemal (1977). Padişah Anaları: Resimli Belgesel Tarih Romanı (in Turkish). İstanbul: Öz Yayınları. p. 244. OCLC 8825122. 
  2. ^ İnal, Günseli; Özdem, Filiz; Işın, Mary; Semiramis Arşivi (2005). Semiramis: Sultan'ın Gözünden Şenlik [Festival Through a Sultan's Eyes] (in Turkish). İstanbul: Yapı Kredi Yayınları. p. 27. ISBN 9789750809286. 
  3. ^ Houtsma, Martijn Theodoor, ed. (1987). E.J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913–1936. Leiden; New York: E.J. Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-08265-6. [page needed]
  4. ^ Peirce, Leslie Penn (1993). The Imperial Harem : Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire. Studies in Middle Eastern history. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-508677-5. [page needed]
Ottoman royalty
Preceded by
Safiye Sultan
Valide Sultan
22 December 1603 – 26 November 1605
Succeeded by
Alime Sultan