Moule was schooled at home before entering Trinity College, Cambridge in 1860, where he graduated BA in 1864. He was elected a Fellow of Trinity in 1865, and became an assistant master at Marlborough College before he was ordained deacon in 1867 and priest in 1868. From 1867 he was his father's curate at Fordington, Dorset, with a stint of five years as Dean of Trinity College 1873-1877. In 1880 he became the first principal of Ridley Hall, Cambridge, and then in 1899 became Norrisian Professor of Divinity at the University of Cambridge, until his appointment as Bishop of Durham in September 1901. He was consecrated as Bishop in York Minister 18 October 1901.
Moule was an Honorary Chaplain to Queen Victoria from December 1898 until her death in January 1901, then an Honorary Chaplain to King Edward VII for a couple of months until he was appointed bishop. In November 1901 he was elected an Honorary Fellow of St Catherine's College, Oxford, where he had been a Professorial Fellow previously, and in December 1901 he received the degree Doctor of Divinity (DD) by diploma from the University of Durham.
Handley Moule was the eighth and final son of Henry Moule (1801–1880), an inventor and the vicar of Fordington for over 50 years. Handley was named after his godfathers Augustus Handley, a minister at Fordington, and Rev. Carr John Glyn (father of General John P. C. Glyn). His brothers George Evans Moule and Arthur Evans Moule were missionaries in China, and another brother, Charles Walter Moule, was president of Corpus Christi. Two more brothers, Horatio Mosley Moule and artist Henry Joseph Moule are chiefly remembered as friends of novelist Thomas Hardy, who was well known to the Moule family. Moule's grand-nephew C. F. D. Moule was a notable theologian.
Handley Moule married Harriet Mary Elliott (1844-1914) (called "Mary") in 1881; they had two children, Mary "Tesie" Moule (1882–1905) and Isabel Catherine Moule (1884–1959). In 1907 Moule published a memoir on Mary's short life entitled The School of Suffering.
Moule was a New Testament scholar who wrote over 60 books and pamphlets. He also wrote poems on religious subjects; he won the Seatonian Prize at Cambridge for sacred poetry 1869-1873 and again in 1876. He published at least two volumes of poetry in his lifetime, in addition to the prizewinning pieces. He wrote a number of hymns, of which "Lord and Savior, True and Kind" is probably the best known.
This is an incomplete list of Handley Moule's published works. Some of these have been reprinted in recent years; some are available as e-books for the Kindle and other readers.
- Christian Self-Denial: A Poem Which Obtained the Seatonian Prize, MDCCCLXIX, Deighton, Bell, & Co., Cambridge, 1869
- Poems on Subjects Selected From the Acts of the Apostles, with Other Miscellaneous Pieces, Deighton, Bell, & Co., Cambridge, 1869
- The Beloved Disciple: A Poem Which Obtained the Seatonian Prize, MDCCCLXX, Deighton, Bell, & Co., Cambridge, 1870
- Tyre: A Poem Which Obtained the Seatonian Prize, MDCCCLXXI, Deighton, Bell, & Co., Cambridge, 1871
- The Gospel in Polynesia: A Poem Which Obtained the Seatonian Prize, MDCCCLXXII, Deighton, Bell, & Co., Cambridge, 1872
- The Brazen Serpent: A Poem Which Obtained the Seatonian Prize, MDCCCLXXIII, Deighton, Bell, & Co., Cambridge, 1873
- The Victory Which Overcometh the World: A Poem Which Obtained the Seatonian Prize, MDCCCLXXVI, Deighton, Bell, & Co., Cambridge, 1876
- Dorchester Poems, W. Poole, London, 1878
- Christianus, A Story of Antioch: And Other Poems, Cambridge: Deighton, Bell, and Co., 1883
- Thoughts on Union with Christ, Seeley & Co., London, 1885
- Thoughts on Christian Sanctity, Seeley & Co., London, 1886
- Thoughts on the Spiritual Life, Seeley & Co., London, 1887
- The Epistle to the Ephesians, with Introduction and Notes, University Press, Cambridge, 1888
- Outlines of Christian Doctrine, Thomas Whittaker, New York, probably 1889
- Veni Creator: Thoughts on the Person and Work of the Holy Spirit of Promise, Hodder and Stoughton, London, 1890
- To My Younger Brethren: Chapters on Pastoral Life and Work, Hodder and Stoughton, London, 1892
- Charles Simeon, Methuen & Co., London, 1892
- Christ is All: Sermons from New Testament Texts on Various Aspects of the Glory and Work of Christ; With Some Other Sermons, E. P. Dutton & Co., New York, 1892
- Jesus and the Resurrection. Expository Studies on St. John xx, xxi, London, 1893
- The Epistle of St. Paul to the Romans, Hodder and Stoughton, London, 1894
- Secret Prayer, Thomas Whittaker, New York, 1895
- Colossian Studies: Lessons in Faith and Holiness from St. Paul's Epistles to the Colossians and Philemon, A. C. Armstrong and Son, New York, 1898
- Ephesian Studies: Expository Readings on the Epistle of Saint Paul to the Ephesians, A. C. Armstrong and Son, New York, 1900
- Phillipian Studies: Lessons in Faith and Love from St. Paul's Epistle to the Philippians, A. C. Armstrong, New York, 1900
- The Old Gospel for the New Age, And Other Sermons, Fleming H. Revell Company, Chicago, New York, & Toronto, 1901
- The Epistle of Saint Paul to the Romans, A. C. Armstrong, New York, 1902
- From Sunday to Sunday: Short Bible Readings for the Sundays of the Year, A. C. Armstrong and Son, New York, 1904
- Short Devotional Studies on the Dying Letter of St. Paul, Religious Tract Society, London, 1905
- The School of Suffering: A Brief Memorial of Mary E. E. Moule, By Her Father Handley, Bishop of Durham, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, London, 1907
- Messages from the Epistle to the Hebrews, Elliot Stock, London, 1909
- Memories of a Vicarage, Religious Tract Society, London, 1913
- Christus Consolator: Words for Hearts in Trouble, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, London, 1917
- Letters and poems of Bishop Moule: Selections from the Spiritual Letters and Poems of Handley Carr Glyn Moule, Bishop of Durham (1901-1920), Marshall Bros., 1921
- "Moule, Handley Carr Glyn (ML860HC)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- "Ecclesiastical intelligence - new Bishops" The Times (London). Wednesday, 21 August 1901. (36539), p. 8.
- "Ecclesiastical intelligence - Consecration of Bishops" The Times (London). Saturday, 19 October 1901. (36590), p. 11.
- The London Gazette: . 13 December 1898.
- "University intelligence" The Times (London). Thursday, 7 November 1901. (36606), p. 6.
- "University intelligence" The Times (London). Wednesday, 11 December 1901. (36635), p. 6.
- "Bright Messenger of God: Bishop Handley Moule", David B. Calhoun, from Knowing & Doing, Spring 2012
- Barton family history page on Tesie Moule, with image of book
- Mid-Victorian Poetry, 1860-1879: An Annotated Biobibliography, Catherine W. Reilly, Mansell Publishing, New York, 2000, p. 327
- a short article on "Lord and Savior"
- Hymnary.org list of hymn books which include "Lord and Savior"
Munden, A. F. (May 2006) [online edition; originally published September 2004]. "Moule, Handley Carr Glyn (1841 - 1920)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2010-03-15.
- Works by Handley Moule at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Handley Moule at Internet Archive
- Bibliographic directory from Project Canterbury
- Handley Moule at the AGES Library
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