Handwritten IPA

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Letters of the International Phonetic Alphabet have handwritten forms designed for use in manuscripts and when taking field notes; they are occasionally seen in print publications when the printer did not have fonts that supported IPA, and the IPA was therefore filled in by hand. However, cursive writing is now quite rare; cursive IPA is no longer taught, and is no longer included in the IPA handbook.

Development[edit]

The cursive forms of the IPA presented in the 1912 edition of The principles of the International Phonetic Association. Two of these letters are obsolete: ǥ is now ɣ, and F is now ɸ.
The cursive forms of the IPA presented in the 1949 edition. Several new letters have been introduced. Long-legged ƞ and ɼ are obsolete, as are the click letters ʇ ʖ ʗ, the lax vowels ɩ ɷ (modern ɪ ʊ), and the ogonek for nasal ą ɔ̨ə̨.

Example[edit]

The following passage is from the 1912 handbook:

The North Wind and the Sun spoken in 'Northern English'

ðə nɔɹθ wind ənd ðə sʌn wɛɹ dis′pjuːtiŋ
hwitʃ wəz ðə strɔŋɡəɹ, hwɛn ə travləɹ keːm ə′lɔŋ
rapt in ə wɔɹm kloːk. ðeː ə′ɡriːd ðət ðə wʌn huː fəɹst
meːd ðə travləɹ teːk ɔf hiz kloːk ʃud bi kon′sidəɹd
strɔŋɡəɹ ðən ði ʌðər. ðɛn ðə nɔɹθ wind bluː wiθ ɔːl
hiz mait, bʌt ðə mɔːɹ hiː bluː, ðə mɔːɹ kloːsli did ðə
travləɹ foːld hiz kloːk ə′raund him; ənd ət last ðə nɔɹθ
wind ɡeːv ʌp ði ə′tɛm(p)t. ðɛn ðə sʌn ʃɔn aut wɔːrmli, ənd
i′miːdjətli ðə travləɹ tuk ɔf hiz kloːk; ənd soː ðə nɔrθ wind
wəz ɔ′blaidʒd to kon′fɛs ðət ðə sʌn wəz ðə strɔŋɡəɹ əv ðə tuː.

The north wind and the sun were disputing
which was the stronger, when a traveler came along
wrapped in a warm cloak. They agreed that the one who first
made the traveler take off his cloak should be considered
stronger than the other. Then the north wind blew with all
his might, but the more he blew, the more closely did the
traveler fold his cloak around him; and at last the north
wind gave up the attempt. Then the sun shone out warmly, and
immediately the traveler took off his cloak; and so the north wind
was obliged to confess that the sun was the stronger of the two.

See also[edit]