|Owner||City of Hangzhou|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||1|
|Number of stations||31|
|Daily ridership||512,000 (Sept 2013 Peak)|
|Began operation||November 24, 2012|
|Operator(s)||Hangzhou Metro Corporation
MTR Corporation (Hangzhou)
|System length||47.97 km (29.81 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
Hangzhou Metro (Chinese: 杭州地铁) is a metro system that serves the Chinese city of Hangzhou, Zhejiang and surrounding suburbs. Construction commenced in March 2006, and the first line opened on November 24, 2012.
Line 1 made Hangzhou the 17th city in the People's Republic of China to have a rapid transit system. The first line, Line 1 is 48 kilometers in length, with 30 stations, it is the longest first section of metro ever opened in China. Line 1 has a projected cost of 22.08 billion yuan. Line 1 originates in Xiaoshan Xiang Lake, stretches across downtown Hangzhou after crossing the Qiantang River and ends in Linping, with a branch line ending in Xiasha, which branches off from the main line at Jiubao. Line 1 connects downtown Hangzhou with suburban area of the city. A total of 8 lines with a length of 278 km are planned.
|Wenze Road (Jianggan)
The planning for a metro system in the city started in the 1990s and was about to start construction works in September 2003, but the State Council suspended construction works due to increasing costs. The state council approved the planning of a rapid transit system on June 6, 2005. Hangzhou Subway Group Co. Ltd will build and operate the metro system in the eastern Chinese city. The preliminary design for Line 1 was approved on January 11, 2007 by the Development and Reform Commission after four days of work by the experts. The 47.97 km line will have 41.36 km of underground lines, 6.14 km elevated, and 0.47 km at ground level.
Construction of the first phase of Hangzhou Metro Line 1 began on March 28, 2007 and subsequent phases started in June, August and October of the same year. The first phase includes six stations namely, Jiubao East, Binjiang, Wenzhe Road, and three underground stations in Qianjiang New City. Jiubao East Station is the biggest station along Line 1 and will be a hub for the future metro system and other forms of public transport. The funding of Line 1 will come from both the city government and the banks who will give 10.2 billion yuan and 5 billion yuan respectively. The first phase construction is estimated to be 45 billion yuan.
- "本网快讯：杭州地铁时代即将来临 1号线24日开通". Retrieved November 22, 2012.
- Kat Jiang, "Hangzhou to build metro system, Shanghai Daily, 2007-03-01
- Tang Fuchun, Hangzhou Subway Planning Approved, china.org.cn, 2005-06-16
- The People's Government of Zhejiang Province, Design of Hangzhou Metro Line No.1 Brings Convenience to Passengers, 2007-01-11
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