Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport

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"Hangzhou Airport" redirects here. For the old Hangzhou airport, see Hangzhou Jianqiao Airport.
Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport
杭州萧山国际机场
Hángzhōu Xiāoshān Guójì Jīchǎng
HangzhouHGHlogo.png
IATA: HGHICAO: ZSHC
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport Co. Ltd.
Serves Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
Location Xiaoshan District
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 7 m / 23 ft
Coordinates 30°13′46″N 120°26′04″E / 30.22944°N 120.43444°E / 30.22944; 120.43444Coordinates: 30°13′46″N 120°26′04″E / 30.22944°N 120.43444°E / 30.22944; 120.43444
Website hzairport.com (Chinese)
Map
HGH is located in China
HGH
HGH
Location in China
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,600 11,811 Concrete
06/24 3,400 11,155 Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 22,114,103
Source: China's busiest airports by passenger traffic
Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport
Simplified Chinese 杭州萧山国际机场

Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport (IATA: HGHICAO: ZSHC) is the principal airport serving Hangzhou, a major city in the Yangtze River Delta region and the capital of Zhejiang Province, China.[1] The airport is located on the southern shore of Qiantang River in Xiaoshan District and is 27 km east of downtown Hangzhou. Architecture firm Aedas designed Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport.[2]

The airport has service to destinations throughout China. International destinations are mainly in east and southeast Asia, and points of Africa, Europe and south Asia. The airport also serves as a focus city for Air China, China Southern Airlines and Xiamen Airlines.

In 2013, Hangzhou airport handled 22,114,103 passengers, which ranked 10th in terms of passenger traffic in China. In addition, the airport was the country's 7th busiest airport in terms of cargo traffic and the 11th busiest airport by traffic movements.

History[edit]

The airport was planned to be constructed in three phases. The first phase of construction started in July 1997, and was completed and opened for traffic on 30 December 2000. It replaced the old Hangzhou Jianqiao Airport, which was a dual-use civil and military airfield. In March 2004, the airport officially became an international airport after immigration and customs facilities were built and put into service.[1] A second runway of 3,600 meters is also under construction. Terminal extensions are also under construction as of 2012.

The airport was a hub of CNAC Zhejiang. After the airlines' merger with Air China, the latter inherited the Hangzhou hub.

On the evening of 9 July 2010, the airport was shut down for an hour when an unidentified flying object was detected.[3][4][5] Air traffic control could not locate it on radar and prudently waved off landing flights. Eighteen flights were affected. Though normal operations resumed four hours later, the incident captured the attention of the Chinese media and sparked a firestorm of speculation on the UFO's identity.

Facilities[edit]

Phase One of the airport occupies 7,260 acres (29.4 km2) of land. It has a capacity of eight million passengers and 110,000 tons of cargo a year, and can handle aircraft as large as the Boeing 747-400. It has one runway which is 3,600 metres (11,800 ft) long and 45 metres (148 ft) wide. The passenger terminal can handle 3,600 passengers an hour and is 100,000 square metres in size (including an underground parking of 22,000 square metres). The departure level has 36 ticket counters, including 12 in the international side of the terminal. There are 2,900 seats in the departure lounge. The immigration and customs area occupies 9,500 sq. metre of terminal space.

The apron occupies 340,000 square metres of land, and there are 12 jetways and 18 departure gates.

Maintenance facilities are certified to perform B-Check on all types of aircraft and C-Check on Boeing 737 and Boeing 757 aircraft.

Phase Two of the airport expansion project began construction on 8 November 2007. It included an International Terminal, a second Domestic Terminal, and a new runway.[6] The International Terminal was completed on 3 June 2010. The terminal has 8 air bridge gates, with one gate capable of handling the Airbus A380. All international flights, including flights to Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan depart from this terminal. The original terminal handles exclusively domestic flights. All other constructions were completed and operations began on 30 December 2012.

The new runway is 3,400 metres (11,200 ft) long and 60 metres (200 ft) wide, which is capable of handling the Airbus A380.[7] The new domestic terminal (T3) has 90 Check-in desks and 21 Self Check-in counters. It also adds 26 security lanes and 31 aerobridge gates.[8] All public spaces of the terminal has free WIFI services.[9] With the addition of the new passenger terminal, the airport now has a total terminal floor area of 37 million square metres and will enable the airport to handle 8,520 passengers at peak hour and 32.5 million passengers annually.[7]

Loong Airlines has its headquarters in the Loong Air Office Building (长龙航空办公大楼 Chánglóng Hángkōng Bàngōngdàlóu) on the airport property.[10]

Ground transportation[edit]

Airport bus[edit]

There are airport bus services linking the airport to points throughout Zhejiang and cities in Jiangsu.

Bus services to/from downtown Hangzhou originate/terminate at the Ticketing Office on Tiyuchang Road with intermediate stops in between.

Taxi[edit]

Taxi between the airport and downtown Hangzhou costs between ¥100 to ¥160.

Highway[edit]

The Airport is accessed by Airport Road, which connects to the Airport Expressway and is linked to downtown Hangzhou by the Xixing Bridge. The Airport Expressway also has an exit at North Shixin Road, which is linked to downtown Xiaoshan. The Shanghai-Hangzhou-Ningbo Expressway has an exit at the airport.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal/
Concourse
AirAsia Kota Kinabalu[11] International
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur International
Air China Beihai, Beijing-Capital, Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dali,[12] Guangyuan, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Hohhot, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Nanning, Sanya, Shenzhen, Tianjin, Urumqi, Weihai, Xi'an, Yantai, Yinchuan, Yuncheng, Zhanjiang,[12] Zhengzhou Domestic
Air China Jeju,[13] Seoul-Incheon, Taipei-Taoyuan International
Air China
operated by Dalian Airlines
Dalian, Sanya, Xiamen Domestic
Air Macau Macau International
All Nippon Airways
operated by Air Nippon
Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Narita International
Asiana Airlines Busan, Seoul-Incheon International
Beijing Capital Airlines Dunhuang, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hohhot, Kunming, Lijiang, Manzhouli, Mianyang, Sanya, Tongliao, Urumqi, Xi'an, Xiangyang, Xishuangban, Yichang Domestic
Beijing Capital Airlines Naha (begins 29 October 2014)[14] International
Cambodia Angkor Air Regular charter:Siem Reap International
Chengdu Airlines Changsha, Chengdu, Sanya Domestic
China Eastern Airlines Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Jieyang, Kunming, Lianyungang,[12] Linyi, Liuzhou, Qingdao, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Yanji, Zhengzhou, Zunyi Domestic
China Eastern Airlines Hong Kong, Phuket
Seasonal: Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Jeju, Siem Reap
International
China Express Airlines Changde,[12] Chongqing,[12] Luoyang Domestic
China Southern Airlines Beijing-Capital, Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu, Dalian, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Lanzhou, Nanning, Nanyang, Sanya, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Urumqi, Wuhan, Xi'an, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai Domestic
China Southern Airlines
operated by Chongqing Airlines
Chongqing, Wuhan Domestic
China United Airlines Guangzhou Domestic
Dragonair Hong Kong International
Dynamic Airways Regular charter: Saipan[15] International
EVA Air Taipei-Taoyuan International
Hainan Airlines Beijing-Capital, Changsha,[12] Chongqing, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Jinzhou, Nanning, Paris-Charles de Gaulle,[16] Sanya,[12] Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Urumqi, Weifang, Wuhan, Xi'an Domestic
Hebei Airlines Sanya, Shijiazhuang Domestic
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong International
Jetstar Asia Airways Singapore International
Juneyao Airlines Guiyang, Qingdao, Taiyuan, Yichang Domestic
KLM Amsterdam International
Korean Air Cheongju International
Kunming Airlines Kunming Domestic
Lucky Air Kunming, Tengchong Domestic
Mandarin Airlines Kaohsiung, Taichung International
Mega Maldives Malé International
Okay Airways Dalian, Nanning, Sanya, Tianjin Domestic
Orenair Seasonal Charter: Moscow-Sheremetyevo International
Philippine Airlines
operated by PAL Express
Kalibo International
Qatar Airways Doha[17] International
Shandong Airlines Guilin, Jinan, Qingdao, Xiamen, Yantai Domestic
Shanghai Airlines Beijing-Capital, Guangzhou, Shijiazhuang Domestic
Shenzhen Airlines Guiyang, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Xi'an Domestic
Sichuan Airlines Changchun, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Haikou, Harbin, Jiuzhaigou, Lhasa, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Xi'an, Xining, Zhengzhou Domestic
SilkAir Singapore International
Spring Airlines Changsha, Dalian, Guilin, Sanya, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Xi'an, Zhangjiajie Domestic
Spring Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi [18] International
Thai AirAsia Chiang Mai, Bangkok-Don Mueang International
Tianjin Airlines Guiyang, Haikou, Jieyang, Jinggangshan, Nanchang, Nanning, Ordos, Tianjin Domestic
Tibet Airlines Chengdu, Lhasa, Yibin Domestic
TransAsia Airways Hualien, Taipei-Songshan International
Uni Air Kaohsiung, Taichung International
Vietnam Airlines Da Nang International
Xiamen Airlines Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Fuzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Jinan, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Nanning, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Sanya, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xining, Yinchuan, Zhengzhou Domestic
Xiamen Airlines Macau, Taipei-Taoyuan International
Zhejiang Loong Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Guyuan, Haikou, Hohhot, Huai'an, Hailar District, Jining, Kunming, Luoyang, Nanning, Qingdao, Shenzhen, Wanzhou, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xiangyang, Xining, Yinchuan, Zhangjiajie, Zhongwei Domestic

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air China Cargo Amsterdam, Dubai
China Southern Cargo Los Angeles[19]
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
S.F. Airlines Shenzhen[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b [1][dead link]
  2. ^ "Project Page: Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport". Aedas.com. 
  3. ^ "China Airport UFO – Mystery or Military?". National Ledger. 10 July 2010. Retrieved 11 July 2010. 
  4. ^ Yijun, Yang (9 July 2010). "Flights diverted, delayed as UFO detected hovering". China Daily (Beijing). Retrieved 15 July 2010. 
  5. ^ ABCNews: "UFO in China's Skies Prompts Investigation"
  6. ^ "杭州萧山国际机场欢迎您". Hzairport.com. Retrieved 6 November 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "杭州萧山国际机场欢迎您". Hzairport.com. Retrieved 6 November 2013. 
  8. ^ 青年时报. "萧山机场第二国内航站楼(T3航站楼)乘机流程_城市频道_新浪浙江_新浪网". Zj.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 6 November 2013. 
  9. ^ 青年时报. "萧山机场第二国内航站楼(T3航站楼)候机环境_城市频道_新浪浙江_新浪网". Zj.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 6 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "联系我们." Loong Air. Retrieved on 24 April 2014. " 地址ADDESS [sic] 浙江省杭州市萧山国际机场5号路长龙航空办公大楼"
  11. ^ "AirAsia launches Kota Kinabalu to Hangzhou service | Travel". The Malay Mail Online. Retrieved 6 November 2013. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g "27日起萧山机场启用冬春季航班时刻 杭州增5条新航线 – 杭网原创 – 杭州网". Ori.hangzhou.com.cn. 25 October 2013. Retrieved 6 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Air China to Start Hangzhou – Jeju Service from late-May 2014". Airline Route. 2 May 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  14. ^ "Beijing Capital Airlines to Start Hangzhou - Okinawa Service from late-Oct 2014". Airline Route. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 22 October 2014. 
  15. ^ "Charter flights from 3 cities in China to start this month". Saipan Tribune. 21 January 2014. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  16. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/06/12/hu-cdg-sep14/
  17. ^ "Qatar Airways Continues China Expansion With Flights to Hangzhou" (Press release). Qatar Airways. 5 November 2013. Retrieved 6 November 2013. 
  18. ^ http://www.chinatimes.com/realtimenews/20140902005255-260409
  19. ^ "New cargo service brings pharma, garments from China | Air Cargo World News". Aircargoworld.com. 30 September 2013. Retrieved 6 November 2013. 
  20. ^ S.F schedule

External links[edit]