Hangzhou Metro

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Hangzhou Metro
Hangzhou Metro logo.svg
Overview
Owner City of Hangzhou
Locale Hangzhou, China
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 3
Number of stations 50
Daily ridership 808,000 (2014 Peak)[1]
Operation
Began operation November 24, 2012
Operator(s) Hangzhou Metro Corporation
MTR Corporation (Hangzhou)
Technical
System length 75.77 km (47.08 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
System map

Hangzhou Metro Line 1

Hangzhou Metro
Simplified Chinese 杭州地铁
Traditional Chinese 杭州地鐵

Hangzhou Metro (Chinese: 杭州地铁) is a metro system that serves the Chinese city of Hangzhou, Zhejiang and surrounding suburbs. Construction commenced in March 2006, and the first line opened on November 24, 2012.[2]

Line 1 made Hangzhou the 17th city in the People's Republic of China to have a rapid transit system. The first line, Line 1 is 48 kilometers in length, with 30 stations, it is the longest first section of metro ever opened in China. Line 1 has a projected cost of 22.08 billion yuan. Line 1 originates in Xiaoshan Xiang Lake, stretches across downtown Hangzhou after crossing the Qiantang River and ends in Linping, with a branch line ending in Xiasha, which branches off from the main line at Jiubao. Line 1 connects downtown Hangzhou with suburban area of the city.[3] A total of 8 lines with a length of 278 km are planned.

On January 2009, it was announced that MTR Corporation would invest in a 22 billion-yuan ($3.2 billion) / 25-year / 49% share joint venture with the Hangzhou government to operate the metro.[4]

Network[edit]

Line Terminals
(District)
Opened Newest
Extension
Length
km
Stations
Line 1 Xianghu
(Xiaoshan)
Wenze Road (Jianggan)
Linping (Yuhang)
2012 47.97 31
Line 2 Chaoyang (Xiaoshan) Qianjiang Road
(Jianggan)
2014 18.2 13
Line 4 Pengbu (Jianggan) Jinjiang
(Shangcheng)
2015 9.6 10
Total 75.77 54

Future lines[edit]

History[edit]

The planning for a metro system in the city started in the 1990s and was about to start construction works in September 2003, but the State Council suspended construction works due to increasing costs. The state council approved the planning of a rapid transit system on June 6, 2005. Hangzhou Subway Group Co. Ltd will build and operate the metro system in the eastern Chinese city.[5] The preliminary design for Line 1 was approved on January 11, 2007 by the Development and Reform Commission after four days of work by the experts. The 47.97 km line will have 41.36 km of underground lines, 6.14 km elevated, and 0.47 km at ground level.[6]

Construction[edit]

Construction of the first phase of Hangzhou Metro Line 1 began on March 28, 2007 and subsequent phases started in June, August and October of the same year. The first phase included six stations namely, Jiubao East, Binjiang, Wenzhe Road, and three underground stations in Qianjiang New City. Jiubao East Station is the biggest station along Line 1 and will be a hub for the future metro system and other forms of public transport.[3] The funding of Line 1 came from both the city government and the banks, with 10.2 billion yuan and 5 billion yuan respectively. The first phase construction was estimated to be 45 billion yuan.[5]

The first section of Line 4 opened for trial operation, accessible for passengers, on February 2, 2015. [7] The opened section of metro line 4 between Pengbu Station - Jinjiang Station measures 9.65 km, compromising a total of 10 stations - Xintang station will open later. At Jinjiang Station, East Railway Station and Peng port Station, interchange to Line 1 is possible. Qianjiang Road offers a cross platform interchange to Line 2.[7]

Accident[edit]

On November 15, 2008, a 75-meter section of the tunnel near Fengqing Avenue in Xiaoshan District collapsed while under construction,[8] killing 17 people.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ chinanews. "ݵտ80.8¸". chinanews.com. Retrieved April 30, 2015. 
  2. ^ "本网快讯:杭州地铁时代即将来临 1号线24日开通". Retrieved November 22, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Kat Jiang, "Hangzhou to build metro system, Shanghai Daily, 2007-03-01
  4. ^ "MTR to Operate, Invest in $3.2 Billion Subway in Eastern China". bloomberg.com. Retrieved April 30, 2015. 
  5. ^ a b Tang Fuchun, Hangzhou Subway Planning Approved, china.org.cn, 2005-06-16
  6. ^ "Design of Hangzhou Metro Line No.1 Brings Convenience to Passengers". 11 January 2007. [dead link]
  7. ^ a b "experimental operation on Metro Line 4 first section, February 2". http://www.hangzhou.gov.cn/ (in Chinese). February 2, 2015. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  8. ^ http://www.shanghaidaily.com/article/?id=380858&type=National
  9. ^ http://www.chinapost.com.tw/china/local-news/other/2008/11/26/184928/Deaths-from.htm

External links[edit]