Hanjeungmak

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Hanjeungmak (한증막; 汗蒸幕) is Korean traditional sauna. Intensely hot and dry, it uses traditionally burning wood of pine to heat a domelike kiln made of stone.

History[edit]

The first mention of hanjeungmak, initially referred to as Hanjeungso(한증소; 汗蒸所), is found in the Annals of Sejong in the 15th century.[1][2] The record also state that the Korean kiln saunas were used for medicinal purposes. At that time, hanjeungmaks were state-supported kiln saunas maintained by Buddhist monks. Since 1429, the saunas were constructed separating facilities for men and women.[3] There are a picture painted by Kim Jun geun in the 19th century depicting a hanjeungmak and its circular wall made from bricks accompanied by a bath house.

Trends[edit]

Nowadays, hanjeungmaks are incorporated into Korean-style spa, jjimjilbang rather than an independent facility. Bulgama installed in jjimjilbang is a variety of hanjeungmak, heated with higher temperature. Sometimes the dome-shaped walls of klin rooms are plastered with loam, salt, minerals.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Jjimjilbang: a microcosm of Korean leisure culture". koreaherald.com. 2010. 
  2. ^ "Seoul In A Sweat". The Newsweek/Daily Beast Company LLC. 2001. 
  3. ^ 김용만 (2011). "한국 생활사 목욕 풍속에서 치유와 휴양까지". 네이버캐스트. 

Further reading[edit]