Hanksville, Utah

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Hanksville, Utah
Town
Hollow Mountain Store
Hollow Mountain Store
Location in Wayne County and the state of Utah.
Location in Wayne County and the state of Utah.
Coordinates: 38°22′17″N 110°42′47″W / 38.37139°N 110.71306°W / 38.37139; -110.71306Coordinates: 38°22′17″N 110°42′47″W / 38.37139°N 110.71306°W / 38.37139; -110.71306
Country United States
State Utah
County Wayne
Settled 1882
Incorporated January 6, 1999
Named for Ebenezer Hanks
Area
 • Total 1.9 sq mi (5.0 km2)
 • Land 1.9 sq mi (4.9 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation[1] 4,295 ft (1,309 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total 214
 • Density 110/sq mi (43/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 84734
Area code(s) 435
FIPS code 49-33100
GNIS feature ID 2412723[1]
Website www.hanksville.com
Dirty Devil River on February 16, 1954, near crossover by Poison Springs Wash Road in Hanksville, Utah

Hanksville is a small town in Wayne County, Utah, United States, at the junction of State Routes 24 and 95. The population was 219 at the 2010 census.[2]

The town is just south of the confluence of the Fremont River and Muddy Creek, which together form the Dirty Devil River, which then flows southeast to the Colorado River. Situated in the Colorado Plateaus cold desert ecological region it has, in Köppen climate classification, a temperate arid climate (BWk) with a mean annual temperature of 11.6°C[3] and an annual mean rainfall of 146.3 mm (years 1961-1990).[4] The Hanksville-Burpee Quarry is located nearby, and the Mars Desert Research Station is 7 miles (11 km) northwest of town.

History[edit]

The town was settled in 1882, and known for a time for the name given to the surrounding area, Graves Valley. It took the name of Hanksville in 1885, after Ebenezer Hanks, a former officer in the Mormon Battalion who was the leader of the group of pioneers who established the small Mormon settlement.[5] It was not incorporated until January 6, 1999.[6]

The REA brought electricity to the community in 1960. Today agriculture, mining, and tourism are the main drivers to the local economy. Tourism is particularly important with people coming for recreation at Lake Powell, Capitol Reef National Park, the Henry Mountains, the San Rafael Swell, Goblin Valley State Park, and the solitude of the surrounding deserts and slot canyons.

Hanksville was a supply post for Butch Cassidy and the Wild Bunch, who would hide out at Robbers Roost in the desert southeast of town.

During the uranium mining frenzy following World War II, Hanksville became a supply center for the prospectors and miners scouring the deserts of the Colorado Plateau. Many abandoned mines can be found in the deserts surrounding the town.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 81
1900 46 −43.2%
1910 77 67.4%
1920 141 83.1%
1930 81 −42.6%
1940 129 59.3%
1950 129 0.0%
1960 169 31.0%
1970 181 7.1%
1980 351 93.9%
1990 324 −7.7%
2000 362 11.7%
2010 219 −39.5%
Est. 2012 214 −2.3%

[7][8][9][10]

As of the census[11] of 2010, there were 219 people residing in the town. There were 94 housing units. The racial makeup of the town was 98.2% White, 0.5% Asian, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Hanksville has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Hanksville
  2. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Hanksville town, Utah". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 4, 2013. 
  3. ^ http://www.worldclimate.com/cgi-bin/data.pl?ref=N38W110+1302+423611C
  4. ^ http://www.worldclimate.com/cgi-bin/data.pl?ref=N38W110+2300+423611C
  5. ^ Van Cott, John W. (1990). Utah Place Names. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press. p. 176. ISBN 0-87480-345-4. 
  6. ^ Geographic Change Notes: Utah, United States Census Bureau, 2007. Accessed 2009-03-04.
  7. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=qGpQAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA1342&lpg=PA1342&dq=population+of+utah+cities+1930&source=bl&ots=p3xuzmGTOt&sig=9FsQZyADYXeEcj9d4fKep9g9bWY&hl=en&sa=X&ei=_xIMU4LQJqrJygHEkoDYCw&ved=0CHEQ6AEwCw#v=onepage&q=population%20of%20utah%20cities%201930&f=false
  8. ^ http://www.census.gov/prod/cen1990/cph2/cph-2-46.pdf
  9. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=SMSOrJwVjLIC&pg=RA2-PA15&lpg=RA2-PA15&dq=population+of+utah+cities+1960&source=bl&ots=lEfhkEWAKB&sig=dzTPmZv0hScn7o6wgdRVnVHkSaU&hl=en&sa=X&ei=OhEMU_jCGaPSyAHazoDACw&ved=0CJABEOgBMA0#v=onepage&q=population%20of%20utah%20cities%201960&f=false
  10. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=A0HyAkIV880C&pg=PP12&lpg=PP12&dq=2000+US+Census+Population+Hanksville+Utah&source=bl&ots=X9E2C_29a_&sig=nuYh__Pq3PuKgF5-zWGmnUz_RtQ&hl=en&sa=X&ei=pnoMU_uECu-CyAGruIDADQ&ved=0CGoQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=2000%20US%20Census%20Population%20Hanksville%20Utah&f=false
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 19, 2012. 
  12. ^ Climate Summary for Hanksville, Utah

External links[edit]