Hankyu Takarazuka Main Line

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     Hankyu Takarazuka Main Line
HK-6000series-1.jpg
A 6000 series EMU on a "Local" service for Hibarigaoka-Hanayashiki
Overview
Locale Kansai
Termini Umeda
Takarazuka
Stations 19
Operation
Operator(s) Hankyu Railway
Depot(s) Hirai Depot
Technical
Line length 24.5 km (15.2 mi)
No. of tracks Quad (Umeda - Jūsō)
Double (Jūsō - Takarazuka)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC, overhead lines
Operating speed 100 km/h (62 mph)
Route map
Hankyu map.svg

The Hankyu Takarazuka Main Line (阪急宝塚本線 Hankyū Takarazuka Honsen?) is a Japanese railway line operated by the private railway operator Hankyu Railway. It connects Umeda Station in downtown Osaka with Takarazuka Station in Takarazuka, Hyogo.

It has a branch line, the Minoo Line, and the Nose Electric Railway is another longer branch line. The Imazu Line connects at Takarazuka, but it is treated as a branch of the Kobe Line.

The Takarazuka Main Line is commonly called the Takarazuka Line (宝塚線 Takarazuka sen?) for short, but the name Takarazuka Line is sometimes used as the name for the network composed of the main line and the branches.

The line has numerous sharp curves from the line's origins as a tramway, built and opened by its predecessor Minoo Arima Electric Tramway (箕面有馬電気軌道 Minoo Arima Denki Kido?). The sharp curves have long hindered high speed operation, contrasting to the Hankyu's other main lines, Kobe and Kyoto.

History[edit]

The Hanayashiki 'trackless train'

The Minoo Arima Electric Railway Co. opened the entire line in 1910 as 1435mm gauge dual track, electrified at 600 VDC.

In 1969 the voltage was raised to 1500 VDC.

Former connecting lines[edit]

  • Hanayashiki station - In 1928 the Hanshin Electric Express Railway Co. (a predecessor of Hankyu) opened Japan's first trolley bus 1km to Shin-Hanayashiki. As this was a new concept, it was called a 'trackless train' (being electrified at 600 VDC). The poor ride (on solid tyres), unreliability and damage to the local roads resulted in the closure of the service in 1932.

Service patterns[edit]

Local (普通 Futsū?) (L)
All-stations service
Semi-Express (準急 Junkyū?) (SE)
From Takarazuka to Umeda on weekday mornings
Commutation Semi-Express (通勤準急 Tsūkin Junkyū?) (CSE)
Simply "Semi-Express" in English information, operated through to and from the Minoo Line on weekday mornings.
Express (急行 Kyūkō?) (Ex)
Commutation Express (通勤急行 Tsūkin Kyūkō?) (CE)
Simply "Express" in English, operated on weekday mornings.
Limited Express (特急日生エクスプレス Tokkyū Nissei Express?) (LE)
From Nissei-Chūō on Nose Electric Railway to Umeda in the morning and vice versa on weekday evenings.

Stations[edit]

  • O: Trains stop.
  • |: Trains pass.
  • ^: one direction
No. Station Japanese SE CSE Ex CE LE Connections Location
HK-01 Umeda 梅田 O O O O O Kita-ku, Osaka Osaka Prefecture
HK-02 Nakatsu 中津 O | | | |
HK-03 Jūsō 十三 O O O O O Yodogawa-ku, Osaka
HK-41 Mikuni 三国 ^
|
| | | |  
HK-42 Shōnai 庄内 ^
|
| | | | Toyonaka
HK-43 Hattori-tenjin 服部天神 ^
|
| | | |
HK-44 Sone 曽根 O | | | |
HK-45 Okamachi 岡町 O | | | |
HK-46 Toyonaka 豊中 O O O O |
HK-47 Hotarugaike 蛍池 O O O | |
HK-48 Ishibashi 石橋 O O O O O Ikeda
HK-49 Ikeda 池田 O   O O O  
HK-50 Kawanishi-noseguchi 川西能勢口 O O O O Kawanishi Hyōgo Prefecture
HK-51 Hibarigaoka-Hanayashiki 雲雀丘花屋敷 O O O     Takarazuka
HK-52 Yamamoto 山本 O O O
HK-53 Nakayama-kannon 中山観音 O O O
HK-54 Mefu-Jinja 売布神社 O O O
HK-55 Kiyoshikōjin 清荒神 O O O
HK-56 Takarazuka 宝塚 O O O

Rolling stock[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia