Six-track section near Umeda terminal
Nakatsu Station in the center
|Locale||Kansai region, Japan|
|Dates of operation||1910–|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
Hankyu Railway (阪急電鉄株式会社 Hankyū Dentetsu Kabushiki Kaisha?), commonly known as Hankyū Dentetsu (阪急電鉄?), is a Japanese private railway that provides commuter and interurban service to the northern Kansai region and is one of major businesses operated by Hankyu Hanshin Holdings, Inc. The railway's main terminal is at Umeda Station in Osaka. The signature color of Hankyu cars is maroon.
The Hankyu network serves 1,950,000 people every weekday and offers several types of express service with no extra charge.
The head office of Hankyu Hanshin Holdings, Inc. and Hankyu Railway (Hankyu Corporation) is at 1-16-1, Shibata, Kita-ku, Osaka; its registered headquarters are at 1-1, Sakaemachi, Ikeda, Osaka Prefecture.
In 1907, Minoo Arima Electric Tramway Company (箕面有馬電気軌道株式会社 Minoo Arima Denki Kidō Kabushiki Gaisha?), a forerunner of Hankyu Hanshin Holdings, Inc., was established by Ichizō Kobayashi. On 10 March 1910, Minoo Arima Tramway opened the rail lines from Umeda to Takarazuka (the Takarazuka Main Line) and from Ishibashi to Minoo (the Minoo Line).
Expansion to Kobe
On February 4, 1918, Minoo Arima Tramway was renamed Hanshin Kyūkō Railway Company (阪神急行電鉄株式会社 Hanshin Kyūkō Dentetsu Kabushiki Gaisha?, referred to as "Hankyū", 阪急). On July 16, 1920, the Kobe Main Line from Jūsō to Kobe (later, renamed Kamitsutsui) and the Itami Line from Tsukaguchi to Itami were opened. On April 1, 1936, the Kobe Main Line was extended from Nishi-Nada (present: Ōji-kōen) to the new terminal in Kobe (present: Kobe-sannomiya Station), and the Kobe Main Line from Nishi-Nada to Kamitsutsui was named the Kamitsutsui Line, which was abandoned on May 20, 1940.
In 1936, Hankyu established a professional baseball team and in 1937 the Nishinomiya Stadium as the team's home field was completed near Nishinomiya-Kitaguchi Station. The Hankyu Braves (named in 1947) played until the 1988 season and became the predecessors of the present-day Orix Buffaloes.
Merger and separation with Keihan
On October 1, 1943, under the order of the government, Hanshin Kyūkō and Keihan Electric Railway were merged, and renamed Keihanshin Kyūkō Railway Company (京阪神急行電鉄株式会社 Keihanshin Kyūkō Dentetsu Kabushiki Gaisha?, referred to as "Keihanshin", 京阪神). The merged lines included the Keihan Main Line, the Uji Line, the Shinkeihan Line (present-day Kyoto Main Line), the Senriyama Line (present-day Senri Line), the Jūsō Line (part of Kyoto Main Line), the Arashiyama Line, the Keishin Line and the Ishiyama Sakamoto Line. The Katano Line was also added in 1945.
On December 1, 1949, the Keihan Main Line, the Katano Line, the Uji Line, the Keishin Line, and the Ishiyama-Sakamoto Line were split off to become part of the newly established Keihan Electric Railway Co., Ltd. Although this revived the former Keihan Electric Railway, Keihan was now smaller than before the 1943 merger, because the Shinkeihan Line and its branches were not given up by Keihanshin. The present structure of the Hankyu network with the three main lines was fixed by this transaction. The abbreviation of Keihanshin Kyūkō Railway was changed from "Keihanshin" to "Hankyū".
On April 7, 1968, the Kobe Main Line started through service to the Kobe Rapid Transit Railway Tozai Line and the Sanyo Electric Railway Main Line. On December 6, 1969, the Kyoto Main Line and the Senri Line started through service to the Osaka Municipal Subway Sakaisuji Line. In 1970, the Senri Line was one of access routes to the Expo '70 held in Senri area.
On April 1, 1973, Keihanshin Kyūkō Railway Company was renamed Hankyu Corporation (阪急電鉄株式会社 Hankyū Dentetsu Kabushiki Gaisha?).
On April 1, 2005, former Hankyu Corporation became a holding company and was renamed Hankyu Holdings, Inc. (阪急ホールディングス株式会社 Hankyū Hōrudhingusu Kabushiki Gaisha?). The railway business was ceded to a subsidiary, now named Hankyu Corporation (before the restructuring, the new company which reused a dormant company founded on December 7, 1989 was called "Act Systems" (株式会社アクトシステムズ) until March 28, 2004, then "Hankyū Dentetsu Bunkatsu Junbi K.K." (阪急電鉄分割準備株式会社) from the next day).
On October 1, 2006, Hankyu Holdings became the wholly owning parent company of Hanshin Electric Railway Co., Ltd. and the holdings were renamed Hankyu Hanshin Holdings, Inc.. Hankyu's stock purchase of Hanshin shares was completed on June 20, 2006.
- Itami Line (伊丹線) (Category-1: Tsukaguchi - Itami)
- Imazu Line (今津線) (Category-1: Imazu - Nishinomiya-kitaguchi - Takarazuka)
- Kōyō Line (甲陽線) (Category-1: Shukugawa - Kōyōen)
- Kōbe Kōsoku Line (神戸高速線) (Category-2: Kobe-sannomiya - Shinkaichi, Trains are operated between Kobe-sannomiya and Shinkaichi on the Kōbe Rapid Transit Railway Tōzai Line)
- Senri Line (千里線) (Category-1: Tenjimbashisuji Roku-chome - Awaji - Kita-Senri)
- Arashiyama Line (嵐山線) (Category-1: Katsura - Arashiyama)
The three groups of the lines, the Kobe Lines, the Takarazuka Lines and the Kyoto Lines, can be further grouped into two, the Kobe-Takarazuka Lines and the Kyoto Lines from a historical reason. Hankyu has two groups of rolling stock, one for the Kobe-Takarazuka Lines and the other for the Kyoto Lines.
- Kitano Line (Umeda - Kitano)
- Kamitsutsui Line (Nishi-Nada (Ōji-kōen) - Kamitsutsui)
- Keihan Line
- Ōtsu Line
The Keihan and Ōtsu Lines were transferred to Keihan Electric Railway Co., Ltd. which separated from Keihanshin Kyūkō (now Hankyu) on December 1, 1949.
As of March 31, 2010, Hankyu has 1,319 cars for passenger service. Standard cars have three pairs of doors per side and bench seating facing the center of the train (exceptions are noted below). The Kobe Line and Takarazuka Line use the same fleet. Some former Hankyu trains, such as the 2000 series and 3100 series, have been transferred to the Nose Electric Railway.
Kobe Line/Takarazuka Line
- 1000 series
- 3000 series
- 3100 series
- 5000 series
- 5100 series
- 6000 series
- 7000 series
- 8000 series (includes small number of transverse seating cars)
- 8200 series
- 9000 series
- 1300 series (from spring 2014)
- 2300 series
- 3300 series
- 5300 series
- 6300 series (two doors per side, transverse seating)
- 7300 series
- 8300 series
- 9300 series (transverse seating)
Single fare (adult) in Japanese Yen by travel distance is as follows.
|Distance (km)||Fare (JPY)|
In popular culture
The 2011 film Hankyu Railway: a 15-Minute Miracle is set on the Hankyu Imazu line.
- Transport in Greater Osaka
- Hankyu Hanshin Toho Group
- "会社概要" [Company Overview] (in Japanese). Osaka, Japan: Hankyu Corporation. 2002. Retrieved Nov 9, 2012.
- "UPDATE 2-Hankyu takes over fellow railway operator Hanshin". Reuters. 2006-06-20. Retrieved 2006-06-20.
- Hankyu Corporation Toshikōtsū-jigyō-honbu Gijutsu-bu. "車両総説" [General information on rolling stock]. The Railway Pictorial (in Japanese) (Tokyo: Denkisha Kenkyūkai Tetsudōtosho Kankōkai) 837 (August 2010 Extra): p. 50.
- http://my.opera.com/opera%20kanta/blog/2008/08/13/grave-of-the-fireflies-hankyu-train. 2008-08-13. Retrieved 2010-12-25.
- Hankyu Railway Website in English
- Hankyu Hanshin Holdings Group Website in English
- Hankyu Railway Area Guide (Japanese)(English)(Chinese)(Korean) - Guide to using Hankyu railways, Fares from Umeda, Terminal area map
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