Hannahville Indian Community

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Map showing Indian Reservations in Michigan.

The Hannahville Indian Community is a federally recognized Potawatomi Indian tribe residing in Michigan's Upper Peninsula, approximately 15 miles west of Escanaba. The reservation, at 45°46′59″N 87°25′23″W / 45.78306°N 87.42306°W / 45.78306; -87.42306, lies mostly in Harris Township in eastern Menominee County, but a small part is located in northeastern Gourley Township, also in Menominee County, and another in Bark River Township in adjacent southwestern Delta County. The 2000 census reported a resident population of 395 persons within its territory, most of whom were of Native American heritage. The tribe had an enrolled membership of 666 people, 344 of whom resided on the 8.5755 sq mi (22.21 km²) reservation as of early 2006. According to the 1990 Census of Population and Housing for Michigan, the per capita income for the Hannahville community in 1989 was $4,625, whereas the per capita for the state of Michigan was $14,154.[1] Today they are one of the most prosperous in Michigan.

History[edit]

The people of Hannahville are descendants of those who refused to leave Michigan in 1834 during the great Indian removal.[2]

They lived with the Menominee in Northern Wisconsin, and the Ojibwe and Ottawa people in Canada. In 1853, some returned to Michigan. It was at this time they settled along the Big Cedar River, on Lake Michigan.

Methodist Church records report that Peter Marksman was sent to the area as an assistant. During this time, he was credited with finding a parcel of land and moving the Potawatomi people to the current location. Some church records also report the Potawatomi people were very fond of Marksman's wife, Hannah, and named their community after her.

The first designation of this area as specifically Potawatami land was done by the federal government in 1870.[3]

Community[edit]

Approximately 100 additional members live nearby and access services on the Reservation. The 12-member Tribal Council is an elected body that has been empowered by the community, through the election process, to act on behalf of the tribal members. Throughout the past ten years, the Tribe has been committed to developing environmental protection programs to ensure a healthy and safe environment for current and future generations.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Department of Commerce. 1990 Census of Population and Housing, Michigan. Issued May 1992. Hannahville p. 396, Michigan p. 238.
  2. ^ Bruce Vandervort. Indian Wars of Mexico, Canada and the United States, 1812-1900. Routledge, 2006.
  3. ^ Walter Romig, Michigan Place Names, p. 250

External links[edit]