|Central Sector of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long - Hanoi|
|Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List|
|Criteria||ii, iii, iv|
|Inscription||2010 (34th Session)|
The Imperial Citadel of Thang Long was constructed earliest by the Ly dynasty in 1010 and remained the seat of the Vietnamese court until 1810, when Huế became the capital city. The royal palaces and other various structures were largely destroyed by the colonial French in the late 19th century. Some structures remain such as Doan Mon gate and the Flag Tower of Hanoi, as well as the steps of Kinh Thiên Palace and the Hậu Lâu (Princess' Palace).
The Vietnamese military command under General Giap, had its headquarters in the citadel in the building known as D67. An underground tunnel enabled the military to flee to other parts in case of a raid.
Construction work for the National Assembly building in 2003 uncovered large remains of the citadel dating back to Thăng Long. Some of the remains are now exhibited in the Vietnamese History Museum. Where the planned new National Assembly building should not be located is still open.
Starting in 2000, some of the old French barracks and buildings have been destroyed to make place for a new museum within the citadel.
- Vietnam Institute of Archaeology (ed.). Thang Long Imperial Citadel. (2006). Culture and Information Publishing House. Hanoi.
- Media related to Citadel of Hanoi at Wikimedia Commons
- IHT | Ruins of royal complex of Thang Long are excavated in Hanoi Article from October 17, 2007, accessed December 31, 2008
- Việt Nam News | Historic Thang Long Citadel explored Article from December 21, 2008, accessed December 31, 2008
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