Hanover, Illinois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coordinates: 42°15′22″N 90°16′50″W / 42.25611°N 90.28056°W / 42.25611; -90.28056
Hanover
Village
Nickname: Mallard Capital of the World[1]
Gateway to Jo Daviess County Hills[1]
Country United States
State Illinois
County Jo Daviess
Township Hanover
Elevation 627 ft (191 m)
Coordinates 42°15′22″N 90°16′50″W / 42.25611°N 90.28056°W / 42.25611; -90.28056
Area 1.05 sq mi (3 km2)
 - land 1.05 sq mi (3 km2)
 - water 0.00 sq mi (0 km2)
Population 844 (2010)
Density 1,411.2 / sq mi (545 / km2)
Village President Don Schaible
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 61041
Area code 815
Location of Hanover within Illinois
Wikimedia Commons: Hanover, Illinois
Website: http://www.hanover-il.com/

Hanover is a village in Jo Daviess County, Illinois, along the Apple River. The population was 844 at the 2010 census, up from 836 at the 2000 census.

Geography[edit]

Hanover is located at 42°15′22″N 90°16′50″W / 42.25611°N 90.28056°W / 42.25611; -90.28056 (42.256058, -90.280674).[2]

According to the 2010 census, the village has a total area of 1.05 square miles (2.7 km2), all land.[3] Hanover, Illinois, is located in Jo Daviess County in the northwest corner of Illinois, within five miles of the Mississippi River. State Highway 84, part of the scenic Great River Road, runs through the center of town. The Apple River, a tributary to the Mississippi, winds through and around Hanover.

History[edit]

The present site of Hanover was a Sac and Fox Indian village when white settlers came to farm the area in 1828. A natural drop in the Apple River made the location ideal as a dam and mill site, the first of which was built in 1829 by James Craig. The settlement was initially known as "Craigsville," but in 1838 Craig laid out and platted the streets in the village and renamed the community Wapello after the chief of the Indian village.

In 1849, the name was again changed, this time to Hanover. The village became incorporated in 1877. In 1863, the Hanover Woolen Mill was started, and in 1929 the organization built the large building now standing beside Crescent Falls Dam. The woolen mill operated until 1949. In 1965, the building was reopened as the Valves and Control Plant Number Two, by the Dole Valve Company, Eaton Corporation. It is currently run by Invensys, Hanover's largest employer.

In 1917, about 13,000 acres (50 km2) of land outside of Hanover were bought for the development of the Savanna Proving Grounds, later known as the Savanna Army Depot. Hanover is known as the "Mallard Capital of the World". Whistling Wings, the world's largest mallard duck hatchery, annually supplies hundreds of thousands of ducks to restaurants, wildlife refuges and research facilities all over the world.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census of 2010,[4] there were 474 housing units. The racial makeup of the village was 96.3% White, 1.4% African American, 0.1% Native American, and 0.2% Asian. 1.9% were two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population.

There were 386 households, of which 25.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them. Of all households, 38.3% were husband-wife couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 7.3% were female-headed households with no husband present and with their own children under 18 years old. Of all households, 43.5% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals under age 18 and 34.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.85.

Population demographics by age were as follows: 23.4% under the age of 18, 6.8% were 15 to 19, 26.5% from 20 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 20.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.6 years.

According to the 2007-2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates,[5] the median household income and benefits, in 2011 inflation-adjusted dollars, was $40,391, and the median family income was $53,500. The per capita income for the village was $24,690. Median earnings for workers was $24,053. About 11.6% of all families and 15.9% of all people had incomes below the poverty level. Almost half of those surveyed (47.0%) were Social Security beneficiaries, 1.4% received cash public assistance, and many households remained food-insecure: 17.5% received Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefits in the past 12 months.

Hanover is the Mallard Duck Capital of the world and every September celebrates it with Mallard Fest.

Hanover, Illinois, is located in Jo Daviess County in the northwest corner of Illinois, within five miles of the Mississippi River. State Highway 84, part of the scenic Great River Road, runs through the center of town. The Apple River, a tributary to the Mississippi, winds through and around Hanover. The present site of Hanover was a Sac and Fox Indian village when white settlers came to farm the area in 1828. A natural drop in the Apple River made the location ideal as a dam and mill site, the first of which was built in 1829 by James Craig. The settlement was initially known as "Craigsville," but in 1838 Craig laid out and platted the streets in the village and renamed the community Wapello after the chief of the Indian village.

In 1849 the name was again changed, this time to Hanover. The village became incorporated in 1877. In 1863 the Hanover Woolen Mill was started, and in 1929 the organization built the large building now standing beside Crescent Falls Dam. The woolen mill operated until 1949. In 1965 the building was reopened as the Valves and Control Plant Number Two, by the Dole Valve Company, Eaton Corporation. It is currently run by Invensys, Hanover's largest employer.

In 1917, about 13,000 acres (50 km2) of land outside of Hanover were bought for the development of the Savanna Proving Grounds, later known as the Savanna Army Depot. Hanover is known as the Mallard Capitol of the World: Whistling Wings, the world's largest mallard duck hatchery, annually supplies hundreds of thousands of ducks to restaurants, wildlife refuges and research facilities all over the world.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Village of Hanover - official website
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Illinois". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  4. ^ "American Factfinder2". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2013.
  5. ^ "American Factfinder2". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2013.

External links[edit]