Hanover Township, Butler County, Ohio
|Hanover Township, Butler County, Ohio|
|• Total||31.9 sq mi (82.7 km2)|
|• Land||31.9 sq mi (82.5 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||928 ft (283 m)|
|• Density||247.2/sq mi (95.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1085810|
Hanover Township, one of thirteen townships in the county, is located in west-central Butler County, Ohio, United States, midway between Hamilton (the Butler County seat) and Oxford. It had a population of 7,878 in 2000, up from 7,653 in 1990. Rapidly growing, the Census Bureau in 2004 estimated the population was 8,751. It is named for Hanover County, Virginia, where the early settlers originated. Statewide, other Hanover Townships are located in Ashland, Columbiana, and Licking Counties.
The twelfth in order of creation, Hanover Township was erected from Ross and St. Clair Townships by the Butler County Commissioners (James Blackburn, John Wingate, and William Robison) on December 2, 1811 with these boundaries:
- Beginning at the southeast corner of the surveyed township No. 4 in the second range east of the meridian line drawn from the mouth of the Great Miami river; thence north to the northeast corner of the same township; thence west to the northwest corner thereof; thence south to the southwest corner thereof; thence east to the place of beginning.
The township consisted of one full survey township in the Congress Lands, and had an area of thirty-six square miles before the City of Hamilton annexed about four square miles of the township on its eastern edge. About half the village of Millville is in Hanover Township (the remainder is in Ross Township). The unincorporated community of McGonigle lies in the township's northwest.
Located in the center of the county, it borders the following townships:
- Milford Township - north
- Wayne Township - northeast
- St. Clair Township - east
- Ross Township - south
- Morgan Township - southwest
- Reily Township - west
- Oxford Township - northwest
There are no navigable waterways in the township. It lies entirely within the Great Miami River's watershed. Beale Run, Indian Creek, Salman Run, and Lick Run drain to the south, their waters eventually entering the Great Miami below Hamilton. Becketts Run, Curlane Run, and Stony Run flow into the Four Mile Creek, which enters the Great Miami above Hamilton.
The township is governed by a three-member board of trustees, who are elected in November of odd-numbered years to a four-year term beginning on the following January 1. Two are elected in the year after the presidential election and one is elected in the year before it. There is also an elected township fiscal officer, who serves a four-year term beginning on April 1 of the year after the election, which is held in November of the year before the presidential election. Vacancies in the fiscal officership or on the board of trustees are filled by the remaining trustees.
As of 2007, the trustees are Fred Stitsinger, Timothy S. Derickson, and Douglas L. Johnson. Derickson's term expires December 31, 2011. Johnson and Stitsinger's terms expire December 31, 2009. The clerk is Elizabeth A. Brosius. The township administrator is Bruce Henry.
The first election of township officers was held at Aaron Sacket's home on December 21, 1811. In 2004, the township budget was about $1.4 million.
Policing is done by the Butler County sheriff's office under a contract with the township. The township operates a fire department which also makes ambulance runs. The township also operates a cemetery and its roads department maintains 34.5 miles (55.5 km) of highways.
In the Nineteenth century, the Cincinnati, Hamilton, and Dayton Railroad's Richmond division crossed the township en route from Hamilton with a station at McGonigle. This line, still active, is now part of CSX Transportation.
Major highways are U.S. Route 27, which links Cincinnati to Richmond via Millville and Oxford through the western third of the township; State Route 177, which links Hamilton and Richmond, across the northeast section of the township; State Route 130, which links U.S. 27 and State Route 177 through the center of the township; and State Route 129, which crosses the southeast from Hamilton to Millville.
Communications and utilities
The township is mostly served by the Hamilton post office but the northeast corner is in the Oxford post office's territory. Nearly all of the township is in the Cincinnati Bell Telephone Company's Hamilton exchange, but the northwest and north central sections are in Verizon's Oxford exchange. Electricity is provided by the Cincinnati Gas and Electric Company, mainly along U.S. Route 27 and State Route 177. The remaining areas are served by the Butler County Rural Electric Co-operative . Natural gas is provided by the Cincinnati Gas and Electric Company.
Most of the township is in the Talawanda City School District, which was formed by the merger of the Oxford, Hanover, Milford, and Somerville school districts in 1953. However, parts of the township are in three other districts. The Ross Local includes a section on the southern border, the Hamilton City includes territory in the southeast adjacent to the city of Hamilton, and the Edgewood City has a small piece of the township's northeast corner.
Historic population figures
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- §503.24, §505.01, and §507.01 of the Ohio Revised Code. Accessed 4/30/2009.
- Bert S. Barlow, W.H. Todhunter, Stephen D. Cone, Joseph J. Pater, and Frederick Schneider, eds. Centennial History of Butler County, Ohio. Hamilton, Ohio: B.F. Bowen, 1905.
- Jim Blount. The 1900s: 100 Years In the History of Butler County, Ohio. Hamilton, Ohio: Past Present Press, 2000.
- Butler County Engineer's Office. Butler County Official Transportation Map, 2003. Fairfield Township, Butler County, Ohio: The Office, 2003.
- A History and Biographical Cyclopaedia of Butler County, Ohio with Illustrations and Sketches of Its Representative Men and Pioneers. Cincinnati, Ohio: Western Biographical Publishing Company, 1882. 
- Ohio. Secretary of State. The Ohio municipal and township roster, 2002-2003. Columbus, Ohio: The Secretary, 2003.