Hanoverian prince

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This is a list of Hanoverian princes from the accession of George III to the throne of the Kingdom of Hanover in 1814. Individuals holding the title of prince will usually also be styled "His Royal Highness" (HRH). The wife of a Hanoverian prince will usually take the title and style of her husband. Despite Hanover's annexation by Prussia in 1866, male-line descendants of George III continue to style themselves as a prince or princess of Hanover.

The title Prince of Hanover and the use of the style "Royal Highness" has generally been restricted to the following persons:

  • the legitimate sons of a Hanoverian Sovereign,
  • the legitimate male line descendants of a Hanoverian Sovereign

Since 1953, the head of the House of Hanover and senior male-line descendant of George III of the United Kingdom has taken the title His Royal Highness The Prince of Hanover. This title has been held by the following:

  • Ernest Augustus IV, Prince of Hanover
  • Ernest Augustus V, Prince of Hanover

List of Hanoverian princes since 1814[edit]

Prince of Hanover by the sovereign
Prince of Hanover from birth
(†) - In Letters Patent dated 20 November 1917, King George V restricted the title of Prince to the children of the sovereign, the children of the sovereign's sons, and the eldest living son of the eldest son of the Prince of Wales.
(‡) - By an Order in Council dated 28 March 1919, as authorized by the Titles Deprivation Act 1917, King George V suspended the British peerage titles, princely dignities and honours of those who sided with Germany in World War I.
Kingdom of Hanover - Title in the Kingdom of Hanover
United Kingdom - Title in the United Kingdom
List of Hanoverian Princes
Name Born Died Royal lineage Notes
Kingdom of Hanover Crown Prince George
United Kingdom The Prince of Wales
later, King George IV
1762 1830 1st son of George III Title held from father's ascension to own ascension in 1820.
Born a Prince of the United Kingdom.
Prince Regent of Hanover and the United Kingdom from 5 November 1811 to ascension in 1820.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince Frederick
United Kingdom The Duke of York and Albany
1763 1827 2nd son of George III Title held from father's ascension to death.
Born a Prince of the United Kingdom.
Crown Prince of Hanover from 1820 to death.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince William
United Kingdom The Duke of Clarence and St. Andrews
later, King William IV & I
1765 1837 3rd son of George III Title held from father's ascension to own ascension in 1830.
Born a Prince of the United Kingdom.
Crown Price of Hanover from 1827 to his ascension.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince Edward
United Kingdom The Duke of Kent and Strathearn
1767 1820 4th son of George III Title held from father's ascension to death.
Born a Prince of the United Kingdom.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince Ernest Augustus
United Kingdom The 1st Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale
later, King Ernest Augustus I
1771 1851 5th son of George III Title held from father's ascension to own ascension in 1837.
Born a Prince of the United Kingdom.
Crowm Prince of Hanover from 1830 to his own ascension.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince Augustus Frederick
United Kingdom The Duke of Sussex
1773 1843 6th son of George III Title held from father's ascension to death.
Born a Prince of the United Kingdom.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince Adolphus
United Kingdom The 1st Duke of Cambridge
1774 1850 7th son of George III Title held from father's ascension to death.
Born a Prince of the United Kingdom.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince George
United Kingdom The 2nd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale
later, King George V
1819 1878 Only son of King Ernest Augustus
& Grandson of King George III
Title held from birth to own ascension in 1851.
Born a Prince of the United Kingdom.
Styled The Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale till death.
Head of the House of Hanover from18 February 1851 until his death.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince George
United Kingdom The 2nd Duke of Cambridge
1819 1904 Only son of Prince Adolphus
& Grandson of King George III
Title held from birth to death.
Born a Prince of the United Kingdom.
Styled The Duke of Cambridge from 8 May 1850 till death.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince Ernest Augustus
United Kingdom The 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale
1845 1923 Only son of King George V
& Gt-grandson of King George III
Prince of the United Kingdom from birth until 20 November 1917(†).
Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale from 12 March 1878 until 28 March 1919(‡).
Head of the House of Hanover from 12 June 1878 until his death.
Crown Prince of Hanover from birth to death.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince George William
United Kingdom Prince George William
1880 1912 1st son of Crown Prince Ernest Augustus II
& 2xGt-grandson of King George III
Title held from birth to death.
Born a Prince of the United Kingdom.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince Christian
United Kingdom Prince Christian
1885 1901 2nd son of Crown Prince Ernest Augustus II
& 2xGt-grandson of King George III
Title held from birth to death.
Born a Prince of the United Kingdom.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince Ernest Augustus III
United Kingdom Prince Ernest Augustus
1887 1953 3rd son of Crown Prince Ernest Augustus II
& 2xGt-grandson of King George III
Prince of the United Kingdom from birth until 20 November 1917(†).
heir to the title Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale from 30 January 1923 until his death(‡).
Duke of Brunswick from 1 November 1913 until the 8 November 1918 abolition of the German monarchy
Head of the House of Hanover from 30 January 1923 until his death.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince Ernest Augustus IV
United Kingdom Prince Ernest Augustus
1914 1987 1st son of Prince Ernest Augustus III
& 3xGt-grandson of King George III
Prince of the United Kingdom from 17 June 1914 until 20 November 1917(†).
heir to the title Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale from 30 January 1953 until his death(‡).
Additionally, Prince of Brunswick from birth; Head of the House of Hanover from 30 January 1953 until his death.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince George William
United Kingdom Prince George William
1915 2006 2nd son of Prince Ernest Augustus III
& 3xGt-grandson of King George III
Prince of the United Kingdom from birth until 20 November 1917(†).
Additionally, Prince of Brunswick from birth.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince Christian Oscar 1919 1981 3rd son of Prince Ernest Augustus III
& 3xGt-grandson of King George III
Title held from birth to death.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince Welf Henry 1923 1997 4th son of Prince Ernest Augustus III
& 3xGt-grandson of King George III
Title held from birth to death.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince Ernest Augustus V 1954 1st son of Prince Ernest Augustus IV
& 4xGt-grandson of King George III
Title held from birth.
Current Head of the House of Hanover
Kingdom of Hanover Prince Ludwig Rudolph 1955 1988 2nd son of Prince Ernest Augustus V
& 4xGt-grandson of King George III
Title held from birth to death.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince Henry Julius 1961 3rd son of Prince Ernest Augustus V
& 4xGt-grandson of King George III
Title held from birth.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince Welf Ernest 1947 1981 1st son of Prince George William
& 4xGt-grandson of King George III
Title held from birth to death.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince George 1949 2nd son of Prince George William
& 4xGt-grandson of King George III
Title held from birth.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince Ernest Augustus VI 1983 1st son of Prince Ernest Augustus V
& 5xGt-grandson of King George III
Title held from birth.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince Christian 1985 2nd son of Prince Ernest Augustus V
& 5xGt-grandson of King George III
Title held from birth.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince Otto Henry 1988 Only son of Prince Ludwig Rudolph
& 5xGt-grandson of King George III
Title held from birth.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince Albert 1999 1st son of Prince Heinrich Julius
& 5xGt-grandson of King George III
Title held from birth.
Kingdom of Hanover Prince Julius 2006 2nd son of Prince Heinrich Julius
& 5xGt-grandson of King George III
Title held from birth.


Crown Prince of Hanover[edit]

Picture Name Heir of Birth Became Heir-apparent to the Throne Created Crown Prince of Hanover Ceased to be Crown Prince of Hanover Death Other titles while Crown Prince of Hanover Crown Princess of Hanover
George IV bust1.jpg George Augustus Frederick
later
George IV
George III 12 August 1762 12 October 1814 29 January 1820
became King
26 June 1830 Prince Regent
Prince of Wales
Princess Caroline of Brunswick
Frederick, Duke of York in Garter Robes.jpg Frederick Augustus George IV 16 August 1763 29 January 1820 5 January 1827 Duke of York
Duke of Albany
Princess Frederica Charlotte of Prussia
William IV.jpg William Henry
later
William I
21 August 1765 5 January 1827 26 June 1830
became King
20 June 1837 Duke of Clarence and St Andrews Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen
Ernest Augustus I of Hanover.PNG Ernest Augustus
later
Ernest Augustus I
William I 5 June 1771 26 June 1830 20 June 1837
became King
18 November 1851 Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale Princess Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Georgv.jpg George Frederick Alexander Charles Ernest Augustus
later
George V
Ernest Augustus I 27 May 1819 20 June 1837 18 November 1851
became King
12 June 1878 None Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg
ERNSTAUGUSTofHannover1.jpg Ernest Augustus William Adolphus George Frederick George V 21 September 1845 18 November 1851 20 September 1866
Hanover annexed by Prussia
14 November 1923 None Princess Thyra of Denmark