Hans-Adam I, Prince of Liechtenstein

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Hans-Adam I
Prince of Liechtenstein
Johann Adam Andreas v Liechtenstein.jpg
Reign 5 April 1684 – 16 June 1712
Predecessor Karl Eusebius
Successor Joseph Wenzel I
Spouse Princess Edmunda Maria of Dietrichstein-Nikolsburg
Full name
Johann Adam Andreas
House House of Liechtenstein
House House of Liechtenstein
Father Karl Eusebius
Mother Princess Johanna Beatrix of Dietrichstein-Nikolsburg
Born (1662-08-16)16 August 1662
Brno
Died 16 June 1712(1712-06-16) (aged 49)
Vienna
Burial Church of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary, Brno

Hans-Adam I, Prince of Liechtenstein (Johann Adam Andreas) (16 August 1662, in Brno – 16 June 1712, in Vienna) was the son of Karl Eusebius, Prince of Liechtenstein (1611–1684) and Johanna Beatrix, Princess von Dietrichstein zu Nikolsburg (1625–1676).

On 18 January 1699[1] he acquired the seigneury of Schellenberg, and on 22 February 1712 the county of Vaduz.[2] These two domains would later form the present principality of Liechtenstein. He was also Duke of Opava and Krnov.

Johann did not take up an office at the Imperial court but did case-by-case work, especially as a financial expert. He was known informally as Hans Adam the Rich. Besides managing his property, he took a great interest in art. He bought works by Rubens[3] and van Dyck for his collections and was one of the most generous patrons of his time.

Johann created two memorials to himself, a palace in Bankgasse in Vienna and a summer palace in Rossau. He was the 575th Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in Austria.

Marriage and issue[edit]

Johann married his first cousin, Edmunda Maria Theresia, Princess of Dietrichstein-Nikolsburg (17 April 1652 – 15 March 1737) on 16 February 1681. They had seven children:

  • Princess Maria Elisabeth (8 May 1683 – 4 May 1744)
  • Prince Karl Joseph (15 October 1684 – 16 February 1704)
  • Princess Maria Antonia (10 April 1687 – 9 October 1750)
  • Prince Franz Dominik (1 September 1689 – 19 March 1711)
  • Princess Maria Gabriele (12 July 1692 – 7 November 1713)
  • Princess Maria Theresia (11 May 1694 – 20 February 1772)
  • Princess Maria Dominika (5 August 1698 – 2 June 1724)

He left no male heirs at his death, both of his sons having predeceased him.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Principality of Liechtenstein
  2. ^ Raton, Pierre (1970). Liechtenstein: History and Institutions of the Principality. Vaduz: Liechtenstein Verlag. p. 20. ASIN B0006D0J8E. 
  3. ^ His Rubens Massacre of the Innocents, later misattributed to another painter, found its way to the Art Gallery of Ontario.

External links[edit]

Hans-Adam I, Prince of Liechtenstein
Born: 1657 Died: 1712
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Karl Eusebius
Prince of Liechtenstein
1684–1712
Succeeded by
Joseph Wenzel I