Hans (name)

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For other uses, see Hans (disambiguation).
Hans
Pronunciation /ˈhɑːnz/ HAHNZ; German: [ˈhans]
Gender Male
Name day October 25 (Germany)
August 29 (Sweden)
June 24th (Norway, Estonia, Denmark)
December 27 (Finland)
Origin
Word/name Pet Form of Johannes
Meaning God is gracious
Region of origin German, Dutch, Scandinavian
Other names
Related names Hanni, Hanno, Hánno, Hannu, Hánsa, Hansi, Hanski, Hanssi, Hansu, Hensar, Hampe, Hanseraq, Hansinnguaq, Hasse

Hans is a masculine given name. In German, Danish, Dutch, Faroese, Norwegian, Icelandic and Swedish, originally it is short for Johannes[1] (John) but is also recognized in Sweden, Norway, Germany, Denmark and the Netherlands as a name in its own right for official purposes.

Hans is pronounced with a long a (like the a in "harms"). The earliest documented usage was in 1356 in Sweden,[2] 1360 in Norway,[3] and the 14th century in Denmark.[4]

"Hansel" (German Hänsel) is a variant, meaning "little Hans." Another variant with the same meaning is Hänschen, found in the German proverb "Was Hänschen nicht lernt, lernt Hans nimmermehr," which translates roughly as: "What little Hans doesn't learn, grown-up Hans will never learn."

Other variants include: Hanns, Hannes, Hansi (also female), Hansele, Hansal, Hensal, Hanserl, Hännschen, Hennes, Hännes, Hänneschen, Henning, Henner, Honsa, Johan, Johann, Jan, Jannes, Jo, Joha, Hanselmann, Hansje.

Alternate forms[edit]

Pet, diminutive, alternative and other language forms are:

  • Bunjeet
  • Hannes (Dutch, German, Swedish, Icelandic, Finnish)
  • Hansi
  • Hovhannes (Armenian)
  • Jack
  • Johnny/Johnnie
  • Jonn
  • Yohanna (Arabic: يوحنا) the Arabic language derivative. Used among Arabic-speaking Christians.
  • Yahya (Arabic: يحيى), used among Arab and non-Arab Muslims.
  • Eoin (Irish language derivation of Seán; in Irish and Scottish Gaelic refers to the Apostle)
  • Evan (Welsh a pre-Christian Celtic subsequently equated to John)
  • Jevan (variation of Evan)
  • Giovanni, Gianni (Italian)
  • Ġwanni, Ġwann, Ġanni (Maltese)
  • Jan (Norwegian, Swedish, Dutch, Polish, Czech, Slovak, German)
  • Janez, diminutives: Jan, Jani, Janko (Slovenian)
  • János (Hungarian); diminutive: Janci ('Zoltan --> Zoli' pattern)
  • Johan (Dutch, Swedish, Danish. Norwegian)
  • Joan (Catalan)
  • Jean (French)
  • Jehan, (medieval French), still in use, but rare
  • Yann (Breton)
  • João (Portuguese)
  • Johannes (Germanic: German, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Dutch)
  • Johan(n) (variation of Johannes)
  • Jón (Icelandic)
  • Jonas (Lithuanian)
  • Jovan (Serbian)
  • Juan (Spanish / Filipino)
  • Juhani, Juha, Jukka (Finnish)
  • Ansis (Latvian)
  • Ian (Scottish derived from Gaelic Iain)
  • Ion (Romanian)
  • Ivan (Bulgarian, Croatian, Russian and other Slavic language nations)
  • Sean (Irish Seán, after the French Jean)
  • Shane (anglicized form of Seán)
  • Shaun (anglicised form of Seán)
  • Shawn (anglicised form of Seán)
  • Siôn (Welsh)
  • Yohani (Kirundi)
  • Yohanes (Eritrean)
  • Giuàn (Western Lombard)

Feminine forms are:

  • Hanne/Hanna(h)
  • Ioana
  • Jana
  • Jane
  • Joana (Portuguese and Catalan)
  • Jeanne (French)
  • Joanne
  • Joan
  • Johanna
  • Johanne (Norwegian)
  • Jean
  • Janice, Janet, both shortened as "Jan"
  • Non-English variants adopted as English names include Jeanette
  • Seonaid, Sinead, Seonag

Famous people[edit]

Entertainment[edit]

Literature[edit]

Medicine[edit]

  • Hans Asperger (1906–1980), Austrian pediatrician, Asperger syndrome is named after him

Music[edit]

Politics & military[edit]

Science[edit]

  • Hans Albert Einstein (1904–1973), Pf. of Hydraulic engineering, A. Einstein's son
  • Hans Bethe (1906–2005), Nobel laureate in physics for his work on the theory of stellar nucleosynthesis
  • Hans Christian Ørsted (1777–1851), Danish physicist and chemist who discovered that electric currents create magnetic fields
  • Hans Charles Freeman (1929–2008), German-born Australian protein crystallographer who elucidated the structure of plastocyanin
  • Hans Geiger (1882–1945), Inventor of the Geiger counter
  • Hans Hass (1919–2013), Austrian diver, naturalist and film-maker
  • Hans Adolf Krebs (1900–1981), German born, British physician and biochemist. Identified citric acid cycle.
  • Hans Steffen (1865–1937), German geographer and explorer of Patagonia

Sports[edit]

Other[edit]

Fictional characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dahl, Árni (2005). Navnabókin. ISBN 9789991849393. [page needed]
  2. ^ Otterbjörk, Roland (1979). Svenska förnamn. ISBN 9789121109373. [page needed]
  3. ^ Stemshaug, Ola; Kruken, Kristoffer (1995). Norsk Personnamnleksikon. ISBN 978-8252120363. [page needed]
  4. ^ Meldgaard, Eva Villarsen (2004). Den store navnebog. ISBN 9788711160435. [page needed]

External links[edit]