Hans Bol (16 December 1534, Mechelen – 20 November 1593, Amsterdam), was a Flemish painter who migrated to the Dutch Republic. He is known for his landscapes, allegorical and biblical scenes, and genre paintings in a Northern Mannerist style.
Bol was born in Mechelen. He received his first training in Mechelen from his two uncles Jacob Bol I and Jan Bol who were also painters. He was apprenticed to a Mechelen watercolorist and tempera painter at the age of fourteen. He trained for two years in Heidelberg and upon his return he was admitted as master of the Mechelen Guild of Saint Luke. After the fall of Calvinist Mechelen to the Spanish in 1572, he left his hometown and became a master in the Antwerp Guild of Saint Luke in 1574. When 10 years later Antwerp is also recaptured by the Spanish, Hans Bol left the Southern Netherlands and travelled via Bergen-op-Zoom, Dordrecht and Delft to Amsterdam where he resided until his death.
Because Bol’s watercolors became so widely reproduced, he began creating miniatures on parchment. The technique earned him many international clients and a good income. In addition, Bol produced oil paintings, illuminated manuscripts, drawings, and engravings. He created landscapes, mythological, allegorical and biblical scenes, and genre paintings.
Media related to Hans Bol at Wikimedia Commons
- Web Gallery of Art: Hans Bol
- Vermeer and The Delft School, a full text exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, which includes material on Hans Bol (see index)
- Pieter Bruegel the Elder: Drawings and Prints, a full text exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, which includes material on Hans Bol (see index)
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