Hans Christian Andersen Award
- Not to be confused with the Hans Christian Andersen Literature Award
The Hans Christian Andersen Awards are a pair of biennial literary awards by the International Board on Books for Young People (IBBY), recognising one living author and one living illustrator for their "lasting contribution[s] to children's literature". The writing award was inaugurated in 1956, the illustration award in 1966. The former is sometimes called the "Nobel Prize for children's literature".
The awards are named for Hans Christian Andersen, the 19th-century Danish author of fairy tales, and each winner receive the Hans Christian Andersen Medaille, a gold medal with the bust of Andersen (see image). Medals are presented by the Queen of Denmark at the biennial IBBY Congress.
"National Sections" of IBBY may nominate one author and one illustrator each and the panel considers only those nominees. For the 2012 HCA Awards, 27 authors and 30 illustrators were nominated by 32 "nations".
Award winners are announced at the Bologna Children's Book Fair, which is annual in March and April. For 2012, five finalists for each award were announced 12 March 2012 and the winners one week later, 19 March.
- 1956 - Eleanor Farjeon (United Kingdom)
- 1958 - Astrid Lindgren (Sweden)
- 1960 - Erich Kästner (Germany)
- 1962 - Meindert DeJong (USA)
- 1964 - René Guillot (France)
- 1966 - Tove Jansson (Finland)
- 1968 - James Krüss (Germany),
- José Maria Sanchez-Silva (Spain)
- 1970 - Gianni Rodari (Italy)
- 1972 - Scott O'Dell (USA)
- 1974 - Maria Gripe (Sweden)
- 1976 - Cecil Bødker (Denmark)
- 1978 - Paula Fox (USA)
- 1980 - Bohumil Říha (Czechoslovakia)
- 1982 - Lygia Bojunga Nunes (Brazil)
- 1984 - Christine Nöstlinger (Austria)
- 1986 - Patricia Wrightson (Australia)
- 1988 - Annie M. G. Schmidt (Netherlands)
- 1990 - Tormod Haugen (Norway)
- 1992 - Virginia Hamilton (USA)
- 1994 - Michio Mado (Japan)
- 1996 - Uri Orlev (Israel)
- 1998 - Katherine Paterson (USA)
- 2000 - Ana Maria Machado (Brazil)
- 2002 - Aidan Chambers (United Kingdom)
- 2004 - Martin Waddell (Ireland)[a]
- 2006 - Margaret Mahy (New Zealand)
- 2008 - Jürg Schubiger (Switzerland)
- 2010 - David Almond (United Kingdom)
- 2012 - María Teresa Andruetto (Argentina)
The distinct award for illustrators was inaugurated in 1966 and it has been conferred 24 times through 2012.
See also 
- Waddell is a native, lifelong resident of Northern Ireland, United Kingdom.
- Pacovská was nominated by Czechoslovakia and received the award in the year before that state dissolved into its constituent republics.
- Sis was nominated by the extant Czech Republic. He was born in the former Czechoslovakia and educated there in Applied Arts. He has been a U.S. citizen from 1982.
- International Board on Books for Young People
- "The Hans Christian Andersen Collection at Northwestern: Illustrated Children's Books from Around the World: July 27th - September 9th, 2004" - multimedia exhibit by Northwestern University Library including much information about the HCA Award and its 2004 rendition in particular