Hans Dijkstal

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Hans Dijkstal
Hans Dijkstal 1988.jpg
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
May 19, 1998 – September 1, 2002
Parliamentary leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy in the House of Representatives
In office
July 30, 1998 – May 16, 2002
Preceded by Frits Bolkestein
Succeeded by Gerrit Zalm
Party leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
In office
July 30, 1998 – May 16, 2002
Preceded by Frits Bolkestein
Succeeded by Gerrit Zalm
Deputy Prime Minister of the Netherlands
In office
August 22, 1994 – August 3, 1998
Serving with Hans van Mierlo
Prime Minister Wim Kok
Preceded by Wim Kok
Succeeded by Els Borst
Annemarie Jorritsma
Minister of the Interior
In office
August 22, 1994 – August 3, 1998
Prime Minister Wim Kok
Preceded by Dieuwke de Graaff-Nauta
Succeeded by Bram Peper
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
July 30, 1986 – August 22, 1994
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
November 11, 1982 – June 3, 1986
Personal details
Born Henri Frans Dijkstal
(1943-02-28)February 28, 1943
Port Said, Egypt
Died May 9, 2010(2010-05-09) (aged 67)
Wassenaar, Netherlands
Nationality Dutch
Political party People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
Spouse(s) Anneke Dijkstal
(m. 1966–2010; his death)
Children 2 daughters
Alma mater University of Amsterdam (Bachelor of Arts)
Occupation Politician
Corporate director
Financial adviser
Teacher
Religion Non-religious

Henri Frans "Hans" Dijkstal (February 28, 1943 – May 9, 2010) was a Dutch politician of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD). He served as a Member of the House of Representatives from November 11, 1982 until June 3, 1986 and from July 30, 1986 until August 22, 1994 when he became Minister of the Interior and Deputy Prime Minister of the Netherlands in the Cabinet Kok I. After the Dutch general election of 1998 incumbent Party leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy Frits Bolkestein announced his retirement and Dijkstal was elected his successor. He returned to the House of Representatives on May 19, 1998 and became the Parliamentary leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy in the House of Representatives and the Party leaders of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy on July 30, 1998. For the Dutch general election of 2002 he was the lijsttrekker (top candidate), Dijkstal and Ad Melkert the Party leader of the Labour Party were the front runners to become the next Prime Minister, but the unexpected arrival of Pim Fortuyn of Livable Netherlands (LN) and later the Pim Fortuyn List (LPF), turned the polls. Fortuyn blamed the problems in the country on the Purple cabinets (in which both Dijkstal and Melkert served as ministers). Fortuyn depicted Dijkstal and Melkert as two bureaucrats who didn't understand the feelings and problems among the population. After a heated campaign a mere days before the election, Fortuyn was assassinated in Hilversum. The People's Party for Freedom and Democracy suffered a big defeat in the election losing fourteen seats, Dijkstal accepted responsibility for the defeat and sequentially left national politics. He resigned as Party leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and Parliamentary leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy in the House of Representatives on May 16, 2002 and gave up his seat in the House of Representatives on September 1, 2002.[1]

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Dijkstal was born in Port Said, Egypt, where his father and grandfather worked in shipping. He was able to speak fluent Arabic before moving to the Netherlands at age five. He made a career as financial advisor, taught management courses, and was council member for the city of Wassenaar and an alderman.

Politics[edit]

In 1982, he was first elected to the House of Representatives. He took over the leadership of the VVD faction from Frits Bolkestein in 1998. Dijkstal was the lijsttrekker for the VVD party in the 2002 parliamentary elections, that turned out disastrous for the party. Afterwards, he retired from active politics. But when his former party started taking a heavy stance on 'allochtonen' (immigrants and their children) he teamed up with former politicians from a wide range of other parties in protest, to strive for a more tolerant society, under the name "Een Land Een Samenleving" ('One Country One Society').[2]

Family[edit]

On July 29, 1966 he married Anneke Dijkstal and became the father of two daughters.[3]

Personal[edit]

Dijkstal loved jazz and played the saxophone, he liked the sports softball and tennis and loved to watch plays. Furthermore he was a fan and admirer of Star Trek.[4] Hans Dijkstal died on May 9, 2010 after a long fight against bone cancer, he was 67.[5][6]

Decorations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Dutch) Het vrolijke, beminnelijke oliemannetje van Paars, NRC Handelsblad, May 11, 2002
  2. ^ (Dutch) VVD trekt ten strijde tegen Fortuyn, Volkskrant, March 18, 2002
  3. ^ (Dutch) Hans Dijkstal, Nova TV, March 25, 2004
  4. ^ (Dutch) Gesprek over de nieuwe Startrek-film, NOS, May 4, 2009
  5. ^ (Dutch) VVD'er Hans Dijkstal (67) overleden, NOS, May 10, 2010
  6. ^ (Dutch) Hans Dijkstal (67) overleden, Volkskrant, May 10, 2010

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Frits Bolkestein
Party leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
1998–2002
Succeeded by
Gerrit Zalm
Preceded by
Frits Bolkestein
Parliamentary leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
in the House of Representatives

1998–2002
Succeeded by
Gerrit Zalm
Government offices
Preceded by
Dieuwke de Graaff-Nauta
Minister of the Interior
1994–1998
Succeeded by
Bram Peper
Political offices
Preceded by
Wim Kok
Deputy Prime Minister of the Netherlands
1994–1998
With: Hans van Mierlo
Succeeded by
Annemarie Jorritsma
Els Borst