Hans Duhm (12 August 1878, Göttingen – 4 January 1946) was a German–Swiss chess master.
Born in Göttingen, Germany, he was the elder brother of Dietrich Duhm and Andreas Duhm. His father, Bernhard Duhm, was a professor for Protestant theology (Old Testament) in Göttingen and Basel, Switzerland. Hans studied theology too, graduated from the University of Strasbourg, Alsace (then German Empire), and received the Lizentiate degree (post graduate Doctorate). He published a theologian book Die bösen Geister im Alten Testament (Mohr Verlag, Tübingen und Leipzig 1904). He was a professor of Exegesis of the Old Testament in Göttingen and Breslau.