Hans Gram Holst

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hans Gram Holst
Born (1744-09-03)September 3, 1744
Nordby in Idd, Norway
Died December 1, 1815(1815-12-01) (aged 71)
Nordby in Idd, Norway
Allegiance Denmark Denmark–Norway
Service/branch Army
Years of service 1752-1811
Rank Major General
Commands held Commandant at Fredrikstad Fortress
Battles/wars Theater War
Dano-Swedish War of 1808-1809
Awards Order of the Dannebrog

Hans Gram Holst (3 September 1744 - 1 December 1815) was a Danish-Norwegian army officer.

Military career[edit]

Hans Gram Holst became a Sergeant at 1st Smaalenske Infantry Regiment on 13 March 1752, later he was also promoted to Lieutenant of the same regiment in 1759 and finally Second lieutenant on 11 November 1761. In 1762 he participated with his regiment in Mecklenburg,[1] before being transferred to the Western Rakkestadske Company and promoted to First lieutenant. The 1 July 1767 he was again transferred, this time to 1st Akershusiske Regiment and on 1 May 1769, he moved on to the Søndenfjeldske Infantry Regiment. There he became Captain and Company Commander on 7 October 1778.[citation needed]

During the Theater War, Holst worked as Commander of the 1st Trondheim Grenade Battalion, and after war he was transferred back to the Søndenfjeldske Infantry Regiment where he received the rank of Major.[1] On 1 June 1798 he became Lieutenant Colonel, and later Colonel and Commander of the Søndenfjeldske Infantry Regiment from 22 March 1805.[citation needed]

In 1805 he became interim commander in Fredrikstad for a short period,[1] before he during the Dano-Swedish War of 1808-1809 became head of the right-wing brigade with approximately 3,400 men in the area from Svinesund to Rødenes, where he distinguished himself in the skirmishes at Høland and Aurskog.[2] On 30 June 1808 Holst was promoted to Major General and in 1809 he received the Order of the Dannebrog.[3]

He was Commandant in Fredrikstad from 25 September 1809 to early March 1811, when he was ordered to Fredriksværn.[citation needed]

Marriage and children[edit]

Holst were married in 1772 to Isabella Dorothea Leganger, daughter of the dean in Aremark.[3] She died on 14 January 1809 at Idd, and one of their children Major General Johan Hübner Holst left Norway the following year together with Prince Christian August of Augustenborg, who had been elected Swedish crown prince, and went in the Swedish military service.[citation needed]

Death[edit]

Hans Gram Holst received resignation from the army on 19 March 1811, probably because his son had joined the Swedish army and later also would participate in the Swedish campaign against Norway in 1814.[2]

Holst died on Nordby in Idd on 1 December 1815.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Bircka, Carl Fredrik (1889). "Holst - Juul". Dansk biografisk Lexikon VIII. Kjøbenhavn: Gyldendalske Boghandels Forlag (F. Hegel & Søn). pp. 4–5. 
  2. ^ a b Mardal, Magnus A. "Hans Gram Holst". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 17 March 2012. 
  3. ^ a b J.T. Hagle. "Generalmajor Hans Gram Holst" (in Norwegian). oslomilsamfund.no. Retrieved 17 March 2012. 
Preceded by
Salomon Gedde
Commandant at Fredrikstad Fortress
1809-1811
Succeeded by
Nicolai Henrik Mecklenburg
Persondata
Name Holst, Hans Gram
Alternative names
Short description Norwegian general
Date of birth 1744-09-03
Place of birth Idd, Norway
Date of death 1815-12-01
Place of death Idd, Norway