Hans Olof Hildebrand Hildebrand (5 April 1842, Stockholm – 2 February 1913) was a Swedish archeologist. Born in Stockholm, he was the son of Bror Emil Hildebrand and Anna Mathilda Ekecrantz. He was the brother of Emil Hildebrand, and in 1867 married Elin Maria Charlotta Martin.
Hildebrand, along with his father and his colleague Oscar Montelius, is considered one of the fathers of Swedish archaeology. He worked both in archaeology and numismatics, mainly of the High and Late Middle Ages. He is internationally known as one of the pioneers of the archaeological technique of typology.