Hans Krüger

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other people named Hans Krüger, see Hans Krüger (disambiguation).
Hans Krüger
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F016619-06, Hans Krüger.jpg
Federal Minister for Displaced Persons, Refugees and War Victims
 Germany
In office
17 October 1963 – 7 February 1964
Preceded by Wolfgang Mischnick
Succeeded by Ernst Lemmer
President of the Federation of Expellees
In office
1959–1964
Preceded by Georg Baron Manteuffel-Szoege and Linus Kather
Succeeded by Wenzel Jaksch
Member of the Bundestag
In office
1957–1965
Personal details
Born 6 July 1902
Died 3 November 1971
Nationality German Germany
Political party National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP)
Christian Democratic Union (CDU)
Religion Roman Catholic

Hans Krüger (6 July 1902 – 3 November 1971) was a former member of the NSDAP party and other Nazi organizations who served as a judge in occupied Poland during the Second World War. After the war he became West German politician of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU). He served as Federal Minister for Displaced Persons, Refugees and War Victims of the Federal Republic of Germany from 17 October 1963 to 7 February 1964, in the First Cabinet of Chancellor Ludwig Erhard, as President of the Federation of Expellees from 1959 to 1964, and as a Member of Parliament from 1957 to 1965. He stepped down from cabinet amid controversy about his war-time background.[1]

Biography[edit]

Education and work[edit]

Krüger was born in Neustettin (Szczecinek) in the Province of Pomerania. He completed studies of political sciences and law in 1922.[2] In 1934 he was appointed as a judge in Pomerania[3] after passing two exams in the years 1927-1929.[3] In 1937 his work as criminal judge was praised by state officials as "avoiding undue sensitivity" and of "correct orientation" when passing out sentences.[3]

Nazi activity[edit]

Krüger claimed to participate in the Beer Hall Putsch [4] in Munich. At the time he was a member of the Nazi Party and other Nazi organisations such as the Reichsbund Deutscher Beamter (German Civil Service), the NS-Rechtswahrerbund (National Socialist Lawyers Association), and the Volksbund für das Deutschtum im Ausland (Association for Germanism Abroad). He worked as a judge in Lauenburg (Lębork), Stargard (Stargard Szczeciński) and after 1940 in Chojnice (Konitz), where he was made an NSDAP-Ortsgruppenleiter and where he passed out several death sentences.[4] From 1943-1945 he served in the German Navy.[2]

Political career in West Germany[edit]

After the war Krüger became a CDU politician and co-founder of the Federation of Expellees, joining the predecessor of the organisation in 1948 and serving as their president from 1959 to 1964.

He was a member of the German Bundestag from 1957 to 1965, and served as deputy chair of the Committee for Displaced Persons, Refugees and War Victims from 1961 to 1963.

He became the Federal Minister for Displaced Persons, Refugees and War Victims in 1963, serving until 1964. He resigned from the cabinet and the chairmanship of the Federation of Expellees[5] in 1964 amid controversy about his work during the Nazi era, after the communist regime of East Germany, particularly Albert Norden, had attacked him heavily since December 1963.

After he left parliament in 1965, Krüger worked as a lawyer. He died in Bonn.[2]

References[edit]

External links[edit]